Liver balm - care and overwintering


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The leather balm is a daisy family, native to Central and South America. The liver balm has been very popular in our latitudinal strains for a long time, because here the plant not only makes a great figure as a gap filler between different perennials, but also in the form of a flower carpet.
At height of growth, the liver balm reaches around 15 to 80 cm. As a result, it can easily be planted in the rear of the bed, which is usually high-growing perennials.

particularities

In Greek, "Ageratos" means eternally young, hence the name of the plant, Leberbalsam, because it flowers very persistently. There are now around 30 known species of liver balm. But since it is not winter proof, it can be grown in Central Europe only one year. It blooms in many different shades of blue. It is offered not only in blue, but also in the form of pink and white varieties. For the flower box particularly compact growing species are recommended, such as the 'Blue Danube', It grows about 20 cm high.
Basically, the leather balm is not only suitable for the garden bed, but also for the balcony box or bucket. The large varieties are best planted in pots, with the smaller ones better suited for the balcony box in conjunction with other annual flowers. The leather balsam has its heyday even into October. But if the weather does not play along, then the plant can be brought into the house without any problems.
Caution: Leather balm is one of the poisonous plants. Therefore, he should rather not be planted when small children or pets belong to the household.

Location

  • For the leather balsam to thrive and grow properly, it needs a sunny and warm location.
  • Although he comes with partial shade clear, but still requires a little sunlight.
  • The ideal place gives the little plant at least 5 hours of sunshine per day.
  • Frost does not tolerate the Leberbalm. Therefore, the ice saints should absolutely wait.
  • Once there is no night frost, the plant can be put back in a bucket, balcony box or in the bed.

maintenance

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Not only the sunlight is important for this plant, but also a permeable and fresh garden soil. This should not be too wet and too heavy. Although the liver balm prefers a slightly moist soil, it also does not tolerate waterlogging. A heavy ground should therefore be loosened up a bit. Another important criterion in the care of a suitable dietary supplement in the form of fertilizer. This should be given at regular intervals. Ideal are here once or twice a month. When planting the plant also horn shavings or compost can be mixed under the soil. Here you should definitely wait some time, until you feed fertilizer again. Because too much food is harmful to the plant rather than beneficial. So you have as long as possible something of the flowers, it should be cleaned regularly. It should also be noted that the liver balm does not lose its withered or withered flowers by itself.

Hibernate and multiply

Basically, the semen can be sown from the liver balm already in February. It is not only the propagation of cuttings possible, but also in the form of a pre-breeding on the windowsill. However, the so-called cuttings propagation is recommended only in early spring, when it can overwinter as a potted plant in the house. As an alternative to propagation, there is still the possibility to run already finished plants. These plants including offspring can then be placed outdoors after the ice saints. The plant can easily spend the winter in the house. In general, the liver balm is a very perennial plant that is cultivated once a year. Wintering, this plant is usually rare.

Avoid care mistakes

If the balm is too wet, root rot can develop, which in turn causes the plant to die. When planting the pot you should therefore use clayey soil. In addition, a good drainage is necessary. For propagation, the seeds may be sown in small pots in February or March. Here a temperature of 21┬░ C is recommended. Optimal in this area is thus a heated room greenhouse. Before planting, a slow-release fertilizer can be mixed under the compost, which is simply fed to the potting soil. In midsummer, when long periods of drought come, then the liver balm should be regularly supplied with water.
Until it comes to the frost quarry, the plant actually blooms tirelessly. After the first frost, it can then be pulled out and composted. Liver balm in combination with other summer flowers looks especially nice. For example, with ornamental tobacco, marigolds, snapdragon or ladybird flowers.For buckets, pots and bed enclosures especially the low dwarf varieties are very popular. Recommended in this context, for example, the varieties 'Pacific', 'Blue Danube', 'White Hawaii' or 'Blue Hawaii', They are considered very resistant and rich in flowering. Wilted should necessarily be removed regularly, because so the second bloom is promoted. This should be done especially after long periods of rain.

Worth knowing about liver balm soon

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All in all, the liver balm is a very easy-care plant. With the right steps you can enjoy this plant for a long time. In advance, one should, however, inform about the numerous varieties, because all have their own individual characteristics.
  • The liver balm is an annual plant of the daisy family.
  • It grows according to variety in different sizes. The smallest plants are only 10 cm high, the largest 60 cm.
  • The low varieties grow compact. They are used as ground cover and in the balcony box.
  • The higher varieties are well suited to the perennial flowerbed. The medium varieties are ideal for planters.

Many people know only the blue or purple liver balm, there are also varieties that bloom white or pink. The flowering period is from May to October. Originally the plant comes from Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.

  • The plant is satisfied with almost all soils, but prefers a light and nutritious plant substrate.
  • She likes the sun, but also grows well in penumbra. Important are an airy location and temperatures between 18 and 25┬░ C.
  • Fertilization should be carried out once or twice a month, preferably with liquid fertilizer.
  • When the flowers are regularly cut, fresh buds keep coming back.
  • The liver balm is increasingly being grown by sowing. The first seeds germinate after five days.
  • From February you can prefer the plants in the house, after the Eisheiligen you can also sow directly into the bed.
  • Curious: The liver balm contains in its leaves a hormone that makes voracious larvae to infertile greisen.

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