The Content Of The Article:
Männertreu or Lobelie is the famous blue perennial among the bellflower plants, which has conquered many balcony tubs and hanging baskets in this country. With a rich flowering that requires so little care, this animation is not a big mystery.
Loyal man feels comfortable in the local climate, despite its origin from the tropical regions of South America. The most common species is called 'Crystal Palace' and impresses with deep blue flowers.
A suitable location for men's loyalty...
... is exactly what men use. Basically, the more light, the lusher flowering. Of the usual, the hanging varieties are to be distinguished. The latter thrive better in the hanging basket. At warm temperatures, the plant develops best. But she also tolerates partial shade and lower values. Only real frost does not survive the South American. Since the plant is already one year old, the winter chill should not be bad. The Lobelie estimates its soil to be well structured, low in salt and with a pH around 5.0. Under these conditions, Männertreu comes into its own as a colorful container planting or in combination with petunia.
Apply lobelia yourself and pull
Those who want to preserve their male loyalty simply collect the seeds after flowering and bring them to the pot in February. Therefore, sowing should take place between March (when warm, at the end of February) and April, as long as no frost is expected. Otherwise, the manly faithful must stand in the apartment before it can on the warm balcony. Then may already be sown in January. The seeds only need about 5 to 15 days for their germination. It's fast, but at least 16° C. A little tip: cover the pot with glass or foil. As a result, humidity and temperature remain constant. This acts like a protective greenhouse. However, the cover must be transparent. Lobelia are light germs. Fertilization is done now, if at all, only minimally with some liquid fertilizer.
Good care, no drought stress
Men's loyalty "craves" especially for water. Especially in the sun, plenty should be poured. Only waterlogging may not occur. Together with the irrigation water, lobelia should be fertilized once a week. No more, because even here the plant is frugal. Phosphorus-fertilizer gives flowering power. Sometimes even too much flowering power. For example, like sunflowers, mendacious will easily become lazy when seemingly enough for survival. It can be recognized by the declining flowering power between May and June, when already abundant seed approaches are formed. Then a thoroughly exploratory (ie half) pruning may take place. Thereafter, the hobby gardener fertilizes and may, with favorable development, hope for a further strong flowering period. This lasts until the first frost. Then the usually annual plant invariably enters.
Wintering by Männertreu?
A wintering is unnecessary. But there are also cases of particularly perennial plants that bloom perennial and simply overwinter in the Kalthaus. The petite plants can hardly "wrap up" - would probably do more damage than help. In fact, overwintering unfortunately hardly ever succeeds. The flower is officially one-year-old. Exceptions bloom in the tropics.
Propagation is by seed. Male faithful should be dressed in seed pots between February and April. Lobelia are light germs. Once the seedlings are strong enough, they can be planted, but not in front of the icy saints. Young plants are sensitive to salt and may therefore be fertilized only slightly.
Waterlogging can be just as "murderous" with lobelia as drought stress. There are symptoms that indicate specific diseases. Withered and withered flowers in striking numbers, then the lobelia suffers from dehydration. As described, their water needs, especially in sunny weather, are high. Wind still enhances the effect. Waterlogging, however, manifests itself through the same signs. With sufficient irrigation - possibly even through an automatic irrigation system - regulates the water balance. Alternatively, cheap moisture meters reveal when it's enough. There are other tricks to regulate the water balance, such as a potsherd at the bottom of the bucket. Effective but more complex is a drainage, consisting of fleece and gravel, on the bottom of the pot. In addition, the following symptoms are typical of an "overhydration":
- Mushrooms: often white fluff on the ground (radical solution: replace the earth completely)
- Root rot: damage image of withered plants, dying roots from the tips
- Stem Grundfäule / Wurzelhalsfäule: individual shoots wither, brown spots by fungal infestation
As a rule, the male litter is resistant to plant diseases and is usually spared by parasites. A common enemy of the plant is tospoviruses. The transmitter is Thripse (Franzenflügler), which pierce the leaves and suck. The leaves turn purple and show some white spots. It results in a so-called "sunburn" similar picture. Next, the leaves completely dry up, the plant dies. Affected plant parts should be removed as soon as possible. There are no remedies for the viruses themselves. In order to protect the plants from infections, the thrips can be lured into a trap. For this a blue glue board has to be hung over the manure loyalty. This at least reduces the risk of infestation and indicates the amount of thrips.
Worth knowing about Männertreu soon
Lobelia erinus bribe with large flowers, from the hobby gardener but only in full benefit, if the balcony is warm and sunny. Männertreu makes few demands on the care: Weekly fertilization and sometimes a pruning. Especially with a lot of sun and wind, you have to pour plenty of water. Tools such as moisture meters or irrigation systems guarantee a solid water balance.
- The plants belong to the bellflower plants. The genus Lobelia (Lobelia) includes about 365 species.
- Originally the Männertreu comes from southern Africa. There it is a perennial plant, with us, however, only one year old.
- In this country, Männertreu graces especially window boxes, tubs and he also comes in rebates in the front row to its best advantage.
- As a planting of larger pots Männertreu is equally well suited, provided that the location is sunny.
- The Männertreu is a low-growing, bushy, creeping or hanging, herbaceous plant.
- It is characterized by extreme flowering joy. Her countless, petite flowers shine in different colors.
- They appear in May in the colors blue, light blue, white, purple, pink, red or purple. The center of the flower is white or yellow.
- The Männertreu prefers a sunny to half shady site and a humus rich, deep soil.
- The soil should be kept evenly moist, dryness makes the plant bad, excessive moisture also.
- In order to preserve the abundance of flowers, one should cut back vigorously Männertreu at the end of July.
- Cold damages the plants. Fertilization should take place every 14 days.