The Content Of The Article:
- Why does the lotus have to be pollinated?
- To multiply a lotus - that is to be considered
- Transplanting the lotus tree
- Losbaum: tree or shrub?
- For experts: refine the lotus tree
If you want to propagate the lotus, you have to take action yourself. The plant with the exotic flowers can not pollinate itself.
Since the Clerodendrum trichotomum can only reproduce itself via cross-pollination, the environment should be considered more closely when choosing the location. If you do not want to leave the work to bees and other insects, you can multiply the lotus tree yourself. What is to be considered and what options are available, we reveal in this guide.
Why does the lotus have to be pollinated?
From a human point of view, the background is a bit reminiscent of Romeo and Juliet. By nature, the scars usually mature only when the stamens of the male reproductive organs have already withered. As a result, the lotus tree can not multiply with itself. But do not worry - we can help!
To multiply a lotus - that is to be considered
Before the root ball touches the earth, the following aspects should be considered before breeding:
- The lotus tree likes it warm, so a location with sunlight or partial shade is ideal.
- The midday sun is still not conducive to him.
- Especially in winter, the location should be protected from icy winds.
- In the case of Kübelhaltung his place should be chosen in east or west direction.
- Both in the open air and on the terrace, the south direction should be avoided.
- In case of waterlogging, it can be worst case mold in the root system.
- Classic plant or garden soil is best suited for the lotus tree.
- He is particularly pleased with a mixture of clay, sand, compost and horn shavings.
- As a fertilizer in the garden a mixture of nitrogen and phosphorus is suitable, for potted plants, however, an all-round liquid fertilizer (for example, available here).
Propagating the lotus with sowing
The sowing can either be obtained from the drupes of the lotus tree or can be purchased from specialized dealers. The former is especially good when the fruits are ripe. Each contains four cores that can be planted. Important in both cases is that it is cold germ. Therefore, the hard seeds and their thick shell need cold - ideal for this are the winter months. For optimal germination conditions, the soil should also be moist.
" Tip: If it does not get cold enough in the region, a trick helps: After the seeds have been placed in small plant pots, they are placed in the vegetable compartment for up to three months. So the seeds are supplied with everything they need to grow.
Increase the lotus tree with head cuttings
Alternatively, the shoots of the lotus can be used for propagation. It is optimal if they are already about 20 cm long. As soon as plant pots and potting soil are ready or a nice spot found in the garden, you can start:
❶ A look at the thermometer is worthwhile. When the bottom temperature is about 20 to 25° C, the best time for plugging has come.
❷ Before planting, remove the lower leaves from the shoot.
❸ Now the shoot is put into the ground. If you want a larger plant, you can also put three to four cuttings in a pot.
❹ So that the cuttings grow and thrive, it should be poured directly and the soil should always be kept moist.
❺ A film over the shoots accelerates rooting, as it is so warm and moist.
Now it is time to wait and moisten the earth regularly. A good sign that everything worked out are the first green tips after about three weeks. After about half a year, the young plant should then be ready for transplanting.
Growing the lotus with root shoots
A third option is root shoots. These are obtained by cutting out parts of four to six centimeters each from roots. When these are placed in a suitable substrate and covered with a little earth, the first shoots form in spring. It is also important here that the cultivation soil does not dry out and the root shoots are in the cold.
Anyone who has already had bad experiences with cuttings from the Losbaum, who just did not want to develop it, should try the Abmoosen. The reason for this is that it is often easier to multiply the lotus tree thanks to the nutrient supply provided by the mother plant. The more than 4,000 year old method is a bit less known and more elaborate, but very effective. In practice, two variants have prevailed:
|Abmooses by ring method||Abmoosen by wedge method|
|Here, the bark of the lotus tree is peeled off in a strip about two to four centimeters wide. Although the water can be transported on the sapwood, but the photosynthesis products no longer via the bark in the roots. This causes the lotus tree to try to form new roots on the barkless strip.|
" Tip: This can be further promoted, placed in a kind of coat of mineral substrates, peat or sphagnum moss around the bark-free ring. This is regularly moistened to create an optimal climate.
Within a few months, new roots will be formed, which can be removed if they are of the appropriate size. Voila, the lot tree is increased.
Note: If the Abmoosen with the ring method failed, it may simply be because the peeled bark strip was too narrow. In this case, the plant is covered by the open area and the plant continues to live as usual.
|The wedge method is unfortunately less promising, but still worth a try. For this purpose, a shoot of the Losbaums is partially cut across. The resulting gap must be kept open with a wedge.|
Who wants to help his luck on the jumps, can help with a rooting hormone powder at the interface. This should then be wrapped with peat moss and kept constantly moist. Again, the shoot can be finally separated when roots have formed.
Transplanting the lotus tree
The best time to repot a young plant is when its root system has conquered the whole pot and its rest in spring is over.
- After the Losbaum seedling has been carefully removed from the old pot, first carefully remove the excess soil.
- Now the seedling can either be placed in a larger pot or a planting hole in the garden. In both cases, the soil should be made partly of compost to create a nutrient-rich starting base. This allows new roots to form quickly.
Losbaum: tree or shrub?
Planting and repotting the lotus tree gives you the choice between two basic forms:
|Shrub or bush||small tree|
|Those who prefer the lotus tree in its natural form have nothing more to do than to multiply and grow it. If he is only cut into shape again and again, he will automatically grow into a beautiful ornamental shrub.||However, the Clerodendrum trichotomum is also ideal as a small tree, in the shade of which many summer afternoons can be spent with a good book or delicious steak. For this purpose, however, two stalks must be put in the ground next to the shoot. To those the instinct is tied up and so made to grow straight up.|
For experts: refine the lotus tree
For the refining of the lotus tree, more and more so-called chip budding prevails, older garden fans certainly also known as "spring refinement after Forckert" or "eye plate". The advantage of it? No bark has to be removed from a lot tree and the effort is very low:
❶ If you want to try this method, you have time until the end of August. You need fresh cut rice that should be well matured.
❷ First, an oblique kerf cut is made on the base, which is at finishing height to the base.
❸ Then a kind of tab or tongue is cut about five centimeters above the notch cut on the pad.
❹ Afterwards, a carving cut is made on the scoop about two centimeters below the eye. There, too, bark strips are cut out, on which the wood part and bud are still located. It is ideal if this strip is smaller than the tab of the pad, so that they fit well together.
❺ Now the whole thing has to be connected: foil or rubber bands can be used for this. Anyone who uses PE film tapes benefits from the fact that the eye is also connected. As condensate binds through the foil, the treatment area always stays moist. After about two to three weeks, the film can then usually be removed again.