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The love pearl bush (Callicarpa giraldii) - or also purple-beautiful fruit, Chinese beautiful fruit or simply called beautiful fruit - belongs to the family of mint family. He is a ornamental plant, wearing in the fall shiny, purple berries and comes originally from China. There are about one hundred and forty kindred species worldwide. In Germany, it is very popular with hobby gardeners because of its easy handling and beautiful coloring in the fall.
- When: spring or fall
- Location: shady or partially shaded
- Soil quality: low in lime, light and well drained
protection and care
The older a love pearl bush is, the sooner you can call it winter hardy. Especially prone to frost are the young plants. They should be protected in winter. For this purpose, the commercial helpers such as jute and Vliessack are suitable or you put Tannenreisig on the shrubs and binds them firmly. The roots should be protected by bark mulch and the fair-crops should not be fertilized. So far, there are no known pests or diseases that would have to protect the shrub. But the salting in its immediate vicinity should be omitted, as this causes leaf damage. If the beautiful fruit is in the front yard, driveway and sidewalk should be kept free of ice and snow, if possible without the help of salts. Even years later, these salts seeped into the soil can cause damage to the plants. Tip: In case of prolonged drought, pour the love pearl bush with collected rainwater, as this is almost free of lime.
The love pearl bush bears the berries on the biennial wood. This means that one should think well before the cut, if this is necessary. There is no reason to cut one or the other branch with the help of a sharp knife for decoration. Also, the cutting out of branches with few flowers over the summer, a shrub can handle well. In general, however, the branches should be left untouched, so that the following year, the berry growth is tight.
The exception are fair-crops, which have grown very large and flatten from bottom to top. Here, the shrub should receive a comprehensive pruning in the spring. Although then in the fall only sporadic berries and flowers are expected, but you can expect the following year again with a colorful splendor.
If you want to increase your existing beautiful fruit trees, there are two methods. Either you propagate your plants by sowing or by cuttings. Although the latter is the simpler method, it does not allow hobby gardeners to create a new life by hand.
For sowing it is recommended to have some things ready:
- a bowl
- a vessel for cultivation (flowerpot with holes)
- Cultivation and Culture Council
- a little sand
- some pebbles or granules
- Cling film
- a rubber band
- The seeds are first soaked for 24 hours in a bowl of lukewarm water.
- Sand and growth substrate are mixed, a thin layer of pebbles or granules filled into the culture vessel and the vessel filled with the mixture.
- The seeds are placed in such a way that the seed has space upwards about twice its length.
- The mixture is moistened, all wrapped in plastic wrap and tied with a rubber band.
- It is recommended to provide the film with some holes, otherwise mold could form due to the high humidity under the film.
As long as temperatures allow, the small plants can develop outdoors. Announces the first cold, they should get at least in the first two years, a frost-free place in a sheltered place.Over time, the growing shrub will have to be repotted into ever larger vessels until it finally becomes strong enough to find its way into the garden. If you want to multiply your love pearl bushes by cuttings, then you should do this in the fall. This requires significantly less equipment:
- a sharp knife
- a cultivation vessel
- Cut long, healthy shoots close to the ground
- Cut the shoots with a sharp knife. There should be buds both above and below.
- The cuttings are now placed in groups of three or four so deep in suitable culture containers that they only look out two centimeters. The culture vessel itself should be filled with substrate.
- The containers are then placed in a frost-free, cool place and moistened regularly.
frequently asked Questions
- Can you eat the purple fruits of the beautiful fruit? - The fruits are mostly poisonous. For the variety 'Callicarpa americana' they are exceptionally edible. Therefore, you should first find out exactly what beautiful fruit you have to do it before it costs you.
- Which plants are good neighbors? - Sham hazel or hazelnut is recommended here. They are, just like the love pearl bushes, especially beautiful in autumn thanks to their colors.
- The love pearl bush (Callicarpa) is also called beautiful fruit because of its eye-catching fruits.
- Especially in autumn and in winter, it is a beautiful ornament for the garden, because then forms a variety of round violet fruits.
- The love pearl shrub is about two to three feet high and about as wide and can therefore be cultivated in a bucket.
- It is a deciduous shrub that sheds its leaves in the autumn, but before that they discolor in very beautiful yellows, oranges and reds.
- Its flowers make up this shrub in mid-summer, mostly from July to August. They are not particularly noticeable, but attract many bees and other insects.
- Very beautiful are the spherical fruits that form later. They are purple and shiny and often remain hanging on the bush until winter.
- These fruit-bearing branches can also be cut from the shrub to use as decoration for the home.
Love pearl bushes are self-pollinating, but if you value extra many berries, you should plant several bushes so that they fertilize each other. However, these berries are somewhat dangerous for small children because they are poisonous.
- A love pearl bush needs a sunny to partially shaded place. It is best for mild conditions where winter is not so cold.
- But even there he should be protected, for example, standing near the wall of the house.
- A layer of bark mulch, distributed around the trunk, protects its roots from the cold in winter and from dehydration in summer.
- Otherwise, the soil around the plant can be covered in the winter but also with a thick layer of foliage or pine spruce.
- The love pearl bush thrives on almost every soil, but it should not be too calcareous. He should also be well-drained.
- In case of prolonged dryness, the plant must be watered from time to time, so that the soil does not dry out completely.
- The love pearl bush is best planted in autumn or spring, when it has become warmer again.
- A love pearl bush should be cut as little as possible. If it is too big, its branches can be shortened a little or the shrub altogether a little lighted.
- Likewise, branches that hardly ever form berries can be pruned, so that new shoots form again and the shrubs are rejuvenated.
- Smaller cutting measures can be carried out throughout the year, but early spring is better for a strong pruning.
- Then even dead shoots can be removed, because in a cold winter, it may be that the bush backfires a bit.