Low Cowberry - Evergreen ground cover for the winter patch

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The low head berry is a magical, evergreen plant and offers some design possibilities. Cultivation and care are explained here.

Cowberry - partridge berry

Their fruit capsules look like delicious berries. But they are not. The appearance, he deceives. And so the Gaultheria came to her trivial name, "Scheinbeere". There are approximately 115 to 135 Gaultheria species worldwide.

The different types of evergreen shrubs can reach different heights. Thus, the low-pitched berry reaches a height of up to 15 centimeters. Others can grow up to 250 centimeters. The Himalayan Gaultheria fragrantissima even grows up to 5 meters.

Interesting for the hobby gardener is the short-lived Gaultheria procumbens, the low-pitched berry, because of their diverse design options in the garden.

Portrait of the low head berry

From the forests in the eastern North America originates the low head berry (Gaultheria procumbens). It has small white to pink flowers and green, glossy leaves. The flowering period is from July to August.

Their evergreen leaves are elliptic, partly egg-shaped and give off a pleasant aromatic scent when grated.

The fruits of the 15-centimeter-high dwarf shrub are usually red. There are also species that bear white fruits. Colloquially, the colored fruit balls are called berries. Botanically correct, however, are fruit capsules on whose inner wall the seeds of the plant sit.

The berry is particularly suitable for this:

  • Because of the small size, you can plant the robust low-pitched berry excellent as a ground cover. With this plant you set impressive accents in the vicinity of rhododendrons and garden azaleas.
  • The dwarf shrub belonging to the family of the heather plants can be also well combined with other low-growing Moorbeet or heather plants, for example with bud heath or peat myrtle
  • Planted in tubs or troughs, the Gaultheria procumbens on terraces or balconies becomes an attractive eye-catcher and a special winter and Christmas decoration.
  • The low-pitched blackberry is also popular as a grave plant, because it looks peaceful with its delicate flowers from July to August and the reddish fruits from October.

A bright, partially shaded location is favored

Do you want your pseudophor to grow optimally and develop resiliently? In that case, it is advisable that you choose a light, but partially shady spot for your mauve berry. Avoid full sun, where the plant does not thrive well.

The dwarf shrub also comes out with shady places, however, he then turns blue-legged and thus has a lower fruit set.

Requirements for the soil
Adjust the soil to the needs of the wild berry before planting. The soil should be rich in sand and rich in humus. In addition, make sure that the soil is slightly acidic to acidic and not too dry. Calcareous soils absolutely do not like the plant.

It is planted in early spring
March is the best planting season for the Gaultheria procumbens. At this time the shrub gets used to the new location. During the warm vegetation phase no pseudopods should be planted.

How to proceed step by step:

  1. First, relax the floor
  2. Then lift out the planting hole
  3. If necessary, mix the excavation with sand and humus
  4. Now put the dwarf shrub in the planting hole, fill it with the excavation and finally press the earth carefully
  5. Finally, the pear berry is heavily poured. In the first two to three weeks, it is advisable to keep the soil moist around the new plantation regularly, because the roots do not yet have the strength to pull moisture from the surrounding layers of the soil independently

The good advice: For a field plantation they need about 13 to 15 plants per square meter, the planting distance should be about 5 to 8 centimeters.

Wild berry in winter

Pouring, fertilizing and other maintenance work

Pour with calcareous rainwater
The soil in the original home of the Gaultheria procumbens, the North American forests, is humid. Therefore, the needs of the casting on the ancestral fields are to be equalized.

Before pouring, allow the soil to dry moderately. Then water the head berry in small quantities with lime-free rainwater.

Even in winter, the dwarf shrub is poured on frost-free days. Remember, prolonged dryness, but also waterlogging, can cause damage to the apparent berry.

Rhododendron fertilizer proves itself
The nutrient requirement of the low-pitched berry is low. You can choose between two types of fertilizer. First, it is sufficient to fertilize the plant in the field with compost, an organic fertilizer such as pellet or horn shavings.Spring is the best time for that.

On the other hand, liquid rhododendron fertilizer is suitable. This gives her dwarf shrub, mixed with lime-free water, once a week from April to August. Later you should no longer fertilize your cowberry, as the plant can not otherwise harvest enough until the cold season.

Cut the low head berry
For the Low Bayberry, no regular back or clearing cut is required. Wilted foliage and dead shoots can be completely removed throughout the year.

Winterize bucket and trough plants

  • The evergreen blackberry tolerates temperatures down to -20° C without damage. Therefore, the dwarf shrubs planted in the field do not need any winter protection.
  • However, the soil can completely freeze from container cultures and damage the roots of the plants. But you do not need to move the planted pails and troughs into a frost-proof room. It is enough if you cover the planters thick with burlap.

Dangers to the Gaultheria procumbens

  • The worry, biting or sucking noxious insects could harm your mock berry, you do not have to. The plant is largely resistant to pests and diseases.
  • Newly-planted Gaultheria should be protected from direct sunlight, otherwise the leaves will get sunburned and blanch. Old foliage can not recover from this damage. The plant, however, later drives out new leaves.
  • The head berry is not immune to root rot. The reasons for this are waterlogging and fungus. As a result, the roots are gradually decomposed. Fungicides do not help in this case.

The evergreen blackberry is an attractive, evergreen dwarf shrub. Its red fruits in autumn are not berries, but capsule fruits.

The plant needs a bright, partially shaded place and a permeable acid soil. Casting is only moderate, but so much that the soil remains constantly moist. He does not tolerate waterlogging.

As a fertilizer proven liquid rhododendron fertilizer. The wild berry in the field is hardy, but it needs protection.


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