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Midday Gold, botanical as gazania called, opens its delicate flowers at lunchtime and between nine o'clock and 17 o'clock. This gave it its name. The richly flowering plant is often referred to as the midday gold flower or Sonnentaler and may not be confused with the midday flower!
Midday gold belongs to the daisy family. When it rains and on cloudy days, the radiant flowers of the midday gold flower remain closed. The color of the original radial flower petals ranges from yellow to bronze. Originally the midday flower comes from East and South Africa and develops there to a perennial bush. There are now 16 different breeds, because "Gazania" means in the Greek language "many". Very decorative are plants with striped petals. This gives the flower of the midday gold flower a radiant appearance. The color spectrum ranges from creamy white to pink, red to reddish brown, orange and pink. In some breeds, the flower heads have a diameter of up to 10 cm. The underside of the petals is gray-green. Midday gold enchants especially with the bright colors and should be planted in the garden in high traffic areas.
Midday gold in your own garden
The plants grow up to 30 cm high. Since the flower opens its flowers only in full sunlight, a full sun location should be selected as the best prerequisite for a rich flowering flora. In wet summers, the flowering can be completely absent. Midday gold is suitable for beds, borders, rockeries and window boxes. Planting at the edge gives a beautiful border for flowerbeds. A nice contrast is achieved with heliotrope, manure or ornamental tobacco. Lunch gives Mediterranean gardens a special aura. The flowering flower is an annual plant in our latitudes, but can be brought well over the winter at a suitable location in the house. It blooms tirelessly from June to late autumn and is often used as a cut flower or dried flower for the vase. The stem for midday gold as a cut flower should always be cut at an angle. The flower then unfolds most beautifully in the vase when the bud is slightly open.
- rich and long flowering summer flower
- up to 30 cm high
- for beds, borders and balcony
- good cut flower
Midday gold is pulled from seed. Different varieties are available in well-stocked garden centers or on the Internet. The cultivation by germinable seeds takes place in February / March in the room in Anzuchterde. After two weeks, the first tender plantlets show up at 20° C soil temperature. If the plant pots are well rooted, then the young plants are piked into larger planters. After the Eisheiligen they can move to the bed. Here they prefer a barren soil with good water permeability and plenty of sun. The soil should be well mixed with sand before planting. For planting in window boxes and planters, the ready-to-use soil must be mixed with coarse sand. The measure improves the drainage. Barren soils guarantee many flowers. On rich soils, midday gold produces too many leaves and only a few flowers. The planting distance is 15 cm to 20 cm. Midday gold grows very bushy.
- Seeds germinate better if they are oversprayed more often
- when covered with a glass plate, the seeds begin to rot, so air often
- poke if the plant has four to six leaflets
- plant after the icy saints into the open air
- In group plantings, four to five plants should be in a group
- undemanding plant
- sunny location
- sandy-loamy soil
- bushy growth
Gazania needs to be watered regularly at its full sun. Pay attention to a good drainage of irrigation water. Waterlogging is fatal to the plant and leads to the death of the entire plant by root rot. The cleaning of faded inflorescences stimulates the formation of new flowers. The flower can be delayed until the fall. A fertilizer is not required.
- water frequently
- no waterlogging
- no fertilizer
- Remove the blooms
- Propagation by cuttings in late summer
- Do not make cuttings of Gazania until autumn
- Gazania can also be shared
Snails are a danger to the Gazan. The parasites eat leaves and flowers bare to the ground. As a precaution, slug pellets should be spread in the bed of Gazania. Other diseases due to dampness are aphids, mites and gray fungus grass. At a proper location, midday gold is resistant to any disease infestation.
Wintering made easy
Midday gold is not hardy in Germany.Who wants to overwinter the beautiful summer flower, must take the Gazania after flowering from the ground and put individually in pots. The ideal temperature to overwinter the Gazanie is 5 to 10° C. In winter quarters midday gold should be kept rather dry. The root ball should not dry out completely.
Worth knowing about Gazania soon
Gazania is one of the many genera whose species are called midday flowers. There are about 20 species of this genus; including midday gold. Originally, the plant originates from southern Africa, where it grows as a perennial, herbaceous flower. With us it is offered only one year.
The Gazania prefer nutrient-rich, humus and sandy soil and a sunny location. It often grows in the garden in places where other flowers dry up. It needs only a little water, but should be poured more or less regularly.
- Gazania 'Dybreak Pink Shade': pink with white margins and tawny center
- Gazania 'Red Stripe': with yellow and red striped petals with bright yellow center
- Gazania 'Big Kisswith white petals and burgundy center or all orange and extremely large flowers
- 'Mini Stars' become up to 15 cm high, dwarf mixtures become up to 25 cm high and hybrids up to 30 cm
You can multiply the midday gold in different ways. Most seeds are sown. The fine seed is air-hungry and should therefore be covered only slightly with soil or even with paper when sowing. The best time for sowing is between January and April in seed pots. Between the middle and the end of May you can plant the plants into the open air. The temperatures should be above 10° C. The varieties, with the silver-gray foliage, can be propagated by cuttings in September.