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There are about 20 different types of lungwort. The Pulmonaria officinalis is one of them with pink to purple flowers, the garden moves into a wonderful light. Lungwort is native to the European climes and usually grows in places that are in partial shade. In mixed deciduous forests, on shady shores and in bushes, the Pulmonaria officinalis feels particularly well. The soil should not be too dry, but rather humus-like.
Like a funnel, the appearance of the lungwort can be described. The flowers develop very early and even before spring comes. Typical of the plant is the grape-shaped arrangement of the flowers, which, however, open at different times. The flowering period may therefore be up to two months. In the Pulmonaria officinalis the flowers are delicately pink to purple. There are other varieties in which different-colored flowers emerge. A special feature of this early spring bloomer is the color change in the flowering period. Most of the flowers only shine in a delicate pink and change their color to a rich purple tone. The color change is caused by a change in the pH in the cell sap. The leaves of the plant are often slightly hairy and have a lung or heart shape. The stature height is depending on the location 20 to 40 cm.
The lungwort is sown in the months of March and April. It needs frosty temperatures to germinate, which makes it a cold germ. The seeds should not reach deeper than 0.5 cm when sowing, as Pulmonaria officinalis is a light germ. The germination time is between 16 and 30 days. Particularly good is a location under or at least near deciduous trees. The soil should be permeable, humus-like and nutrient-rich.
Tip: If the soil is too clayey, you can add sand or gravel. Thus, you create optimal conditions for the rootstock to spread perfectly.
The Pulmonaria officinalis does not like it when exposed to the blazing sun. Therefore, you should make sure that the plant is always planted in partial shade. Under deciduous trees or near bushes the lungwort feels particularly well.
The lungwort can be planted both outdoors and on the balcony. If you want to cultivate the lungwort on the balcony, you should use a pot that can be at least 20 cm in diameter. Also make sure that the plant is not exposed to the blazing sun.
If you plant the Pulmonaria officinalis in a pot, you do not need to repot them. When sowing, make sure that the pot has a diameter of at least 20 cm. Since the plant does not get higher than 20 to 40 cm, repotting is not necessary.
The Pulmonaria officinalis needs a lot of water but is still fairly undemanding in its care. Just make sure that the floor does not dry out and is always kept moist. However, too much moisture harms the lungwort and should also be avoided. It is advisable to provide the plant with sufficient water at least once a week.
Pulmonaria officinalis needs a lot of nutrients and should therefore be supplied with enough compost in the spring. As an alternative, you can also use a plant fertilizer that is rich in nutrients.
After flowering, it is often advisable to cut the plant. The lungwort is a perennial plant, which enchants the garden with a good care of the garden again and again before the spring begins in a colorful sea of flowers.
So that the lungwort comes safely over the winter, you need to pay no attention. The plant gives as robust and hardy. Only after the flowering period, a pruning should be made so that the Pulmonaria officinalis in the following year can again enchant the garden with a wonderful floral splendor.
If the conditions such as the soil and the care are favorable, the Pulmonaria officinalis itself can sow. If you want to multiply the lungwort, you can do so through the root division.
Diseases and pests
The lungwort we are often used in teas due to the effect he said. Thus, the plant is also a wonderful nutrient carrier for snails and Schnegel. When sowing outdoors, it can happen that the snails do not miss this treat. If the Pulmonaria officinalis kept too moist, the waterlogging of the plant can be fatal. The same applies if the soil of Pulmonaria officinalis dries up.
The Pulmonaria officinalis is a popular plant that enchanted the garden already in spring with a floral splendor.The stature height is 20 to 40 cm. When planted and cared for, Pulmonaria officinalis has the following characteristics:
- partially shaded location
- Light germ, so never put the seed deeper than 0.5 cm in the ground
- Soil should be well drained
- evergreen plant
- Color change of flowers from pink to purple
- With which plants can the Pulmonaria officinalis be combined? - The lungwort can be combined with many other perennials. You can combine the Pulmonaria officinalis with a primrose, elven flower, funnel, lily-of-the-valley, golden strawberry or with a salomon's seal.
- At which distance should one plant the Pulmonaria officinalis? - If the lungwort is planted in a pot, never put more than two seeds in a pot. When planting outdoors, it is advisable to keep a distance of 30 cm, as the plant can at best grow to a width of 30 cm. It is also appropriate to leave other plants just as much distance, so that the roots can spread well.
Location and care
- The lungwort is a long-lived perennial that is suitable for its low height as a ground cover or for planting under shrubs.
- At 15 to 30 cm, it remains relatively small and forms a carpet that prevents weeds and makes annoying raking obsolete.
- It is hardy and therefore needs no special protection.
- In spring, the plant can be propagated by dividing the rootstock. Otherwise, it also spreads by seeds.
- Lungwort is native to Europe, where it is often found in the wild in forests or at the edge of the forest.
- That is why it can be placed in the garden very well under a tree or a large shrub.
- There it prefers a partially shaded place, where the soil is nutritious and calcareous.
- However, it should not be too dark there, otherwise only a few flowers will be formed.
- The soil should be kept evenly moist, because dryness does not get the plant well.
- Because of its great need for nutrients, lungwort should be given plenty of compost or fertilizer every spring.
- The lungwort is one of the first spring flowering plants and has its heyday from March to May.
- Then many small flowers appear, which are initially pink.
- Through a change in the ph value of the petals they turn blue over time, so that at times two flower colors can be seen on the plant.
- Because of this phenomenon, the lungwort has popularly been given many names like Hansel and Gretel or Unequal Sisters.
Meanwhile, there are also many breeds of lungwort with different colored flowers. The variety Sissinghurst White has white flowers, the variety Redstart blooms brick and has ungulate leaves. The latter is also particularly resistant to mildew, from which the lungwort is easily infested, especially in humid summers.
Already in the Middle Ages Pulmonaria officinalis was used for lung diseases and got his name. In fact, the plant contains some ingredients that have anti-inflammatory and relieve the coughing, but in modern medicine, it is hardly used.