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Most mallow types are very undemanding. They prefer nutrient-rich, dry to moist soil. This should be a bit calcareous, humus and permeable.
Peat should not be included. Sunny locations are particularly suitable, but also light shade is well tolerated. Usually mallows are planted in groups, always 3 to 5 flowers together. The plants need enough space between them to develop well. Mallows are particularly suitable for farm and nature gardens, perennial beds or even rockeries.
They also look very good in planters. Kübelhaltung is not a problem.
Waterlogging does not tolerate mallows. When casting you have to make sure that you do not pour too much or too little, because both do not like the plants. It should be fertilized enough.
Since mallows grow quite tall, 1.50 to 2 meters are not uncommon, they should be supported and tied. Due to their height, mallows are very susceptible to wind and easily fold over.
Mallows are multiplied by sowing seeds. This is very easy and succeeds easily. In late summer begins with the flowering of the lowest flowers a rich seed approach that can be won. Otherwise, one should cut off flowered inflorescences, so the perennial remains for several years. The seeds can be sown again directly after harvesting, either in the garden or in pots. Ideal is to prefer them in the house. Once the plantlets are big enough, they are piqued. Cover the pots in the basement or covered in soil. In the spring they can then be planted in the garden. If the seed is sown directly into the bed in spring, the mallow usually does not blossom until next year.
Mallows are often attacked by mallow rust. The fungus causes brown pustules on the undersides of the leaves. This results in holes. The leaves die off. When buying, you should be careful to choose resistant varieties. Once the disease has been introduced, the entire plant, including the soil around it, should be destroyed in the fall.
There are many varieties of mallows that you can settle in your garden, here are some suggestions:
- The rose mallow or Malva alcea is also called the pointed-leaved mallow or the winemary root. It grows in heights of half to one meter perennial and herbaceous and shows pretty pink flowers from June until late in the fall.
- A similar growth form shows the hibiscus mallow or musk mallow, the Malva moschata, which, however, blooms white or pink and remains slightly smaller overall.
- The Mallow (Malvaneglecta) or Geese-Mallow, Field-Mallow or Hare-poplar remains even smaller, but develops many small bright flowers that wear as a special accent delicate stripes of color.
- A rather tiny species is the small-flowered mallow, the Malva pusilla Sm., Which, however, forms clumps of equally small, bright flowers in the leaf axils in the entire range of its height reaching up to 30 cm.
- The wild mallow (Malva sylvestris L.) has a wealth of folk names, such as cheese poplar and blackcurrant, cat cheese or Käslikraut or Pissblume, Mohrenmalve or Ross mallow. It can grow up to over a meter in height and has beautiful, pink-violet flowers decorated with dark stripes, in many places of the plant and from May to September.
These were the malvens themselves, and even among these, you could find the right plant for every corner of your garden. But there is also the wide field of mallow family, and there are nine subfamilies with the incredible number of about 4,300 species. Of particular interest to the gardener is the subfamily of the Malvoideae, which in addition to the mallow also includes the hollyhocks, the marshmallow and the hibiscus. If you have fallen in love with the beauty and richness of the variety of mallow like so many garden owners, you can still explore some plants whose grace reaches that of the mallow.
In addition, your garden will eventually produce a great deal of mallow flowers and flowers of Malvoideaes, with which you can do much more than simply dispose of them. Some mallows can be enjoyed as a vegetable, so the wild mallow has received its trivial name "cheese poplar", because from their cheese-like fruits similar to the earlier called "Papp" Kinderbrei was made. Many parts of plants from the group of mallow plants are processed in herbal teas with beneficial effects, whether it is marshmallow roots or lime blossom, leaves of wild mallow or hibiscus flowers, the latter are currently but mainly done in a glass of sparkling wine.