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There are many species of trees that are suitable as bonsai for their existence. A tree species that looks particularly beautiful as a bonsai is the maple.
The maple is so interesting because it has these large leaves (and large is actually atypical for a bonsai) leaves.
But maple is not the same maple. There are a variety of maple species that have proven to be bonsai, maple, sycamore, field maple and Japanese maple.
The sycamore maple and the maple have, as already mentioned, these large, jagged leaves. Therefore these tree species, even as bonsai, should have a minimum size. The height for such a maple - Bonsai should be at least half a meter (or 50 cm, that does not sound quite so big). The leaf cut on a maple bonsai is best seen in the spring, more precisely around the end of May. The prerequisite for this should be that the maple enjoys excellent health. The leaf cut has the effect on a bonsai that the leaves grow smaller and branch out more and more. Also the pruning at the branches is done in the spring. During this time, the maple, like all other plants, is growing and the wounds on the tree can heal best during this time. One should not be surprised, however, that the wounds on this tree will still bleed for some time. This is completely typical and normal for a maple.
As a location, the sycamore and the maple tree prefer a sunny or partially shaded location. However, the sycamore reacts easily to all too high temperatures allergic. He then has the habit of dropping his leaves. However, one should not dramatize too much, because he loses only a few leaves in such a case. However, what these two maple species really like is a fresh breeze. You can also put them in a slightly draber place. But then you should take special care that the bonsai get enough water. Bonsai standing in the wind need more moisture. When watering, you can use quite calcareous water, which is unusual for bonsai. Spitz and sycamore trees are fertilized from May to August in a 2-week cycle.
The fan maple is a particularly beautiful maple species. It is characterized by its bright red leaves. The color of the leaves starts in spring and goes through the entire color spectrum from green to yellow to red. This maple prefers a partially shaded location and he also does not like it when the soil is too dry. The maple is also cut back in the spring. However, he needs a very special pruning, so that the beautiful colorful leaves can also come into their own.
The field maple is a relatively robust representative of its kind. It grows very well and vigorously. The field maple is best placed in a sunny and slightly windy place. At too cool temperatures and in corners where there is no breeze, the field maple tends to become infected with mildew. The location is so immensely important for this maple species. Less demanding is this bonsai as far as the pruning is concerned. Here you can actually use all sections. However, one should not ignore the strong growth of this maple species. It is therefore also very important that this maple (especially the branches and twigs) at the beginning of the growth phase in the spring as strong cuts back as possible. When watering this tree applies, which is true for all bonsai: not too humid and never completely dry!
Finally, it should be mentioned that all maple species are relatively susceptible to pests (lice) and diseases (mildew). However, these can be handled well with commercially available control agents.