Marigold, Tagetes - varieties, sowing and care

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Marigold, Tagetes - varieties, sowing and care: varieties

There are many varieties of marigolds, but all have in common that they are very decorative due to their great flowering joy. However, the care is quite simple, as well as the propagation by sowing, which usually happens by itself. Therefore, if Tagetes have been cultivated in the garden bed, they will make many years of joy.


Over 60 varieties of the popular tagetes are known. So there are low and high growing varieties with filled or unfilled flowers. The colors here vary from yellow to dark orange. Three varieties are very common in the local latitudes and therefore the most popular among amateur gardeners:
"Tagetes erecta" - Upright marigold
The upright marigold has a stature height of up to 80 cm. Even the jagged, 15 cm long and very dark green leaves are extremely decorative. The flowers can reach a diameter of up to 13 cm and look like flattened hemispheres. Tagetes erecta is also popular as a cut flower in the vase because it lasts a long time.
"Tagetes patula" - golden yellow marigold
The golden yellow marigold is a completely different species and is characterized by the following:
  • very small, but many flowers
  • only about six inches on average
  • Color between yellow to orange-brown
  • between filled and half full
  • Plant grows up to 60 cm high
  • Leaves quite small
  • works well for mixed culture or container plant
  • also in the vegetable patch
"Tagetes tenuifolia" - Narrow-leaved marigold
The narrow-leaved marigold is only up to thirty inches high, grows spherical and especially in the width, as they can branch widely. Even the flowers are quite small with a diameter between two and three centimeters. Due to its growth, however, it looks very compact and with many formed flowers it is reminiscent of an orange glowing ball. So this variety is also excellent as ground cover.

Marigold flower - Tagetes

Other varieties
Of course, in the well-stocked garden trade and other decorative varieties of pollen flowers are offered as seeds or ready-made plants. These include:
  • Hybrids of "Tagetes erecta"
  • Hybrid "Sperling's Eskimo", new breed in creamy white
  • Hybrid "Pollux Golden Yellow", double-flowered flowers, stature height up to 35 cm
  • Hybrid "nana floro plena Inca Yellow", very large flowers, also available in orange
  • Hybrid "Honey Bee", blooms in honey yellow
  • Hybrid "gold piece", grows very high at 120 centimeters, lemon yellow flower
  • "Tagetes minuta", giant spice tagetes
  • "Tagetes filifolia", liquorice aroma
  • "Tagetes nana", height of growth very small, suitable as groundcover
Tip: What may not be known to everyone, all varieties of marigolds are edible. They have a sweet-fruity aroma with a taste of licorice or lemons. Therefore, they can be used well for many salads, but also in desserts and to refine vinegar.


The care of the pollen flowers is the same for all varieties and is quite simple. In the local latitudes, the Tagetes, when cultivated in the garden bed, is only a one-year-old perennial because it is not hardy. But if you let the dried flowers hang in the fall, the seeds will fall off and so the decorative flowers would look very natural again next year. But it can also be helped in the spring with a new sowing. Otherwise, not much to pay attention to lush growth in care.


Tagetes are used to dry and hot areas since they are originally from South America. Here they usually grow on unprotected slopes. Therefore, they are rain and windproof. This is how the ideal location for the pollen flowers looks like this:
  • mostly sunny
  • also in the midday sun
  • in a bright garden bed
  • as bed border
  • in the bucket on the sunny terrace
  • or a south-facing balcony
If the perennials survive a winter, they are ideally grown in a bucket. This can be spent indoors in winter so that the Tagetes are not exposed to frost. On the other hand, student flowers in the garden bed cultivate, die off in a cold winter, but can be reapplied again and again by sowing.
Tip: Marigolds are well suited as a mixed culture in the garden bed. Because of their strong odor they ward off many pests that could harm other plants. Thus, the plants can be used against nematodes, whiteflies, ants and as a snail barrier around a bed.

Substrate & soil

Marigold flower - Tagetes

In order for the flowering of flowering flowers from early summer until autumn, they require a well-drained, humus rich, nutrient-rich and always slightly moist soil. This is what the ideal substrate looks like:
  • Garden soil mixed with compost and sand
  • for potted plants normal potting soil from the trade
  • Prepare soil before sowing in spring


In order for the Tagetes to be able to fully develop their floral splendor, fertilizers can be offered to them over the summer. If the bed or bucket was prepared with fresh soil before sowing, then fertilizer should not be used in the first few weeks. When the first plants and flowers show up, liquid fertilizer for flowering plants can be added to the irrigation water every two weeks. Then unfolds over the summer a decorative carpet of flowers.

to water

Above all, if the marigolds have been cultivated in a sunny spot, they must always have enough water at their disposal. The earth should never completely dry out, but at the same time waterlogging should be avoided. Therefore, when casting, pay attention to the following:
  • on hot days in the garden
  • in the early morning or late evening hours
  • on rainy days the rain is enough
  • Potted plants should also be watered on rainy days
  • Rainwater usually does not get into the bucket
Tip: If the plants let the green leaves hang, this is a sure sign that they need water. However, if they are watered immediately enough then they recover quickly and take no damage.


Every spring, newly traded small plants are offered in the trade, which can be planted directly into the garden bed after the Eisheiligen in May. When planting, the following should be noted:
  • Prepare soil in garden bed or border
  • Lift planting hole
  • create drainage against waterlogging
  • To do this, place gravel in the planting hole
  • Use plants and distribute the soil
  • Press well and pour on
Tip: So that no soil shines through at a bed border or in the garden bed, the plants can be put together close. This does not prevent them from growing and it creates a continuous flowering carpet, especially in the small-growing varieties.


Marigold flower - Tagetes

If student flowers are already cultivated in the garden bed or a bucket, sowing here is very easy. The last flowers in the fall are not removed when they have withered but remain on the plant until they are dry. The seed formed here can now be collected and set aside for the next year. However, if the seeds are scattered directly on the surrounding soil, new plants will form in the next spring. This type of reproduction succeeds especially in warmer climates. Otherwise, the procedure for sowing is as follows:
  • store the collected seeds in a cool and dry place
  • Prepare seedlings in February or March
  • Use cultivation soil
  • Insert seeds only slightly
  • These are light germs
  • Keep the soil slightly moist
  • Put the pot in a bright warm place
  • no full sun
  • 20° Celsius are ideal
If the seedlings are large enough, they are piked into individual pots and left to stand in the warm location, the larger student flowers can then be planted at the desired location after the sacred ice.
Tip: The seeds can be sprinkled directly into the garden bed in spring. But the pre-breeding in the pot brings a growth advantage, because in the bed seeded seeds will only start to germinate, if it has become warm accordingly.

Cultivate in a bucket

If you do not have a garden, you can cultivate the Tagetes in a bucket on a terrace or balcony. The decorative flowers do not need much space and grow in a small pot. Planting or sowing is done in the same way as in the garden flowers cultivated in the garden bed. Normal potting soil for potted plants is quite sufficient for the plants here. The tub planting also has the following advantage:
  • Student flowers can be overwintered
  • cut back near the ground in autumn
  • Put the pot in a cool, frost-free place
  • for example in a staircase
  • it should not be too dark
  • pour moderately and do not fertilize
  • warmer in the spring
  • the plants are working again
  • in May after the icy saints again outside
Even plants cultivated in the pot need a lot of water, but should be protected against waterlogging. Therefore, a drainage is applied before filling the earth. For this purpose, potsherds or gravel come over the drain hole, these are then covered with plant fleece. Only then is the substrate filled.
Tip: If you do not want to bother with the winter in the pot, you can leave the pot outside, remove the plant in the fall after the first frost and sow again in spring.


Marigold flower - Tagetes

As a rule, pollen flowers in the local latitudes are annual plants. But if they have been protected over several winters, they will need a new substrate at least every two years. For this purpose, the plants are removed from the vessel before sprouting in the spring, removed the soil and entered new potting soil. Here the Tagetes is set again. A repot, because the plant has become too big, is not necessary.

To cut

Cutting the tagetes is not necessary.If you have been cultivated in the garden bed, they die during the first frost and are disposed of with the roots altogether. If the plants were cultivated in the tub and spent in winter on a frost-free place, then the perennials should be cut back near the ground, from here they drift again in the spring. Otherwise, in the marigold in summer only the faded flowers must be removed regularly to ensure new flowers.

Care mistakes, diseases or pests.

Nursing errors or diseases are not known in the robust marigold. The only thing that can happen is that they were not watered enough in a hot and dry summer and therefore dry up. This can easily happen during a vacation absence of the garden owner. On the other hand, if it is too moist, it can occasionally lead to mold or rot. Against pests, the easy-care plants are immune to snails. Especially young plants are often visited by snails, this helps snail grain.

Video Board: How to Keep Marigolds From Getting Too Leggy When Growing Them From Seed : Grow Guru.

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