The Content Of The Article:
- Substrate & soil
- To cut
- to water
- Diseases and pests
- Frequently asked questions
- Worth knowing about the Mazari Palm in brief
She loves the sun and likes to weigh himself decoratively in the wind. The slow-growing Mazari palm (Nannorrhops ritchiana) is easy to clean and a real eye-catcher on the terrace, in the winter garden, but also as a houseplant and in free-range. The palm of the Arecaceae family is very widespread in Iran, making it ideal for our climatic zone (zones 7 to 10).
From April to October, the Mazari Palm likes to spend its time outdoors. The sunnier her location, the blue-gray color her beautiful, fan-shaped palm fronds. The robust Nannorrhops ritchiana also thrives in the open air or indoors, and only wants to be watered regularly and occasionally fertilized. In particularly good conditions, its black berries and sometimes the white or yellow majestic flowers show up. The Mazari palm is one of the world's most cold-tolerant palm species.
Substrate & soilAs a typical representative of the palm genus, the Mazari plant prefers a mixture of organic matter. A loose substrate of palm earth, mixed with lava stones, gravel or expanded clay and a little coarse sand gets the palm good and prevents the waterlogging in the soil. A commercial palm soil can be used. Pure peat or pure humus should be avoided, as this substrate does not provide enough hold or nutrients to the plant. In addition, the natural decomposition process of the peat can burn the roots of the palm. When planting in the garden, potting soil should be mixed with gravel and sand, if possible, in order to keep the soil loose and permeable even after long periods of rain.
Tip: In a well-drained substrate, the Mazari plant likes to spend most of the year outdoors, taking in any downpour.
FertilizeThe Nannorrhops ritchiana is fertilized every 14 days with a complete fertilizer, which is added to the irrigation water. The use of a long-term fertilizer (for example in the form of fertilizer sticks or granules) also makes sense. A commercial palm fertilizer or other nitrogen-based fertilizer for green plants is used. Fertilize should be stopped a few weeks before the beginning of winter so that the plant can prepare for the break. In winter it is not fertilized and only after use of the growth phase (from April) is started again with the fertilizer. If the plant has been repotted to pre-fertilized soil, fertilizer must be avoided for the time being.
To cutThe Mazari palm is not cut back. Its vegetation point sits at the plant tip and only brown or sick leaves are removed. If the leaves are withered, it is worth waiting for complete withering because during this time the plant can still extract nutrients from the leaf.
multiplyThe Nannorrhops ritchiana is pulled from seed. These are inserted 1 to 2 cm deep into the soil. Over the pot is placed with a translucent foil, in with ventilation holes for a sufficient air circulation. Set up in a bright and warm location, the seeds germinate in just a few weeks.
overwinterIn winter quarters, the substrate dries much slower, because not only the cooler temperature and the lower light keep the moisture longer in the soil, the plant has largely stopped their growth and thus their nutrient requirements. But even in winter, the Mazari plant must not dry out. It is always well to moisten, with the intervals between dry and wet periods are increased. The short-term minimum temperature of -10° C must not be exceeded. For potted and tub plants, the winter temperature is permanently around 5° C (+/- 8 K).
The palm is protected from moisture and cold. Propagated specimens are protected by a roof made of translucent foil, which provides adequate ventilation on the sides. The fronds can be tied up and wrapped with fleece to protect the palm from too much moisture and cold air. However, the plant is regularly checked for rot and mildew; The removal of the fleece also ensures the required air exchange. Plastic films are not used for wrapping the fronds, because the natural condensation and the lack of air circulation cause decay.
LocationThe Mazari palm likes to be sunny to full sun, but after the winter break should be slowly accustomed to the sunlight to avoid leaf damage.
Tip: The full sunlight influences the coloring of the leaves. The attractive gray-blue fits the Mazari palm looks particularly beautiful in black, glazed pots.
temperatureIn summer, the Mazari Palm enjoys the warmth, in winter it can also hibernate at around 5° C during the dark months.
repottingIf the pot is well rooted or the foothills of the palm already press on the edge of the pot, it is time to repot. The next bigger pot is chosen. Like all palms, the Mazari palm prefers a deep and not too wide planter. Their roots dig deep into the soil to find enough nutrients even in long dry periods. The deeper the pot, the greater the root system and thus the stamina of the palm develops.
to waterOnce the substrate is well dried, the Mazari palm is abundantly poured. The most deep pots must be completely penetrated with water, so that the deep-seated roots can still get enough nutrients. The casting rhythm depends on the outside temperatures and the growth period of the plant. If it is in full sunlight, it will evaporate a lot of liquid and the plant will also need a higher supply of water to follow the growth impulse.
Diseases and pestsSpider mites, as well as shield and mealybugs can infest the Mazari palm. It may help to remove the affected leaves at the beginning of the infestation. It is also recommended to rinse or wash off the plant occasionally, but this can contribute to a faster spread of parasites. It should also be noted that popular home remedies such as alcohol or soft soap damage the plant. Commercially available crop protection agents act quickly and effectively when infested. Yellow or brown leaves also show too much or too little care. If too much water is poured, the leaves of the palm turn yellow.
When the plant has dried, the leaves turn brown and withered. Too much or too little fertilizer can damage the Mazari palm tree and usually manifests itself in yellow leaves or brown leaf tips. If in doubt, repot and replace the substrate is recommended. To do this, the plant is removed from the pot and the overfertilized or overgrown soil carefully removed from the roots.
Frequently asked questions
- What should be considered when spraying? - Low-calcium water prevents unsightly stains on the leaves of the palm.
- Is it allowed to pour the Mazari palm with tap water? - Yes. The irrigation water but better let stand for a few days and then use.
Worth knowing about the Mazari Palm in briefMazari palm trees are one of the few palm species that can branch. In addition, the plant forms foothills. The best for our widths on the plant is its frost hardiness. It is frost hardy to -25 ºC. Attention: Each leaf of the Mazari Palm flowers only once. After that, this crown dies off. The other crowns in the bucket continue to grow normally.
- The Mazari palm likes the brightest possible location.
- It can withstand direct sunlight all day long.
- It likes warmth, the temperatures in the summer should be as high as possible.
- The plant substrate should be permeable.
- The palm likes a loamy and sandy soil to which you can add gravel, expanded clay or lava granules.
- Pure peat or humus soil is not suitable.
- Repotting is done in the spring. You take a little bigger vessel.
- Palm trees love tall tubs. They have taproots that need space down.
- The water requirement of the Mazari Palm is not very high. The substrate should always be kept slightly moist.
- In summer, in the heat of the day, the Nannorrhops ritchiana should be watered well. The more water she gets, the better she grows.
- The root ball must be moist to the bottom. Between the waterings, the upper substrate layer should dry off.
- Standing water, so wet feet, does not like the palm.
- Brown leaves of the palm are left to dry completely before being cut off.
- The petiole is carefully separated from the base. A small piece of the stalk, about 3 cm, stay on the trunk.
- Fertilization takes place at the beginning of the growth phase in spring.
- Every two weeks you use commercially available liquid fertilizers.
- But you can also incorporate long-term fertilizer in the top substrate layer.
- The Nannorrhops ritchiana tolerates high minus degrees. Even in pots it gets along well with the minus degrees, but the root ball must not freeze.
- The roots are not as frost-resistant as the aboveground plant parts. Therefore, it is convenient if the container plant is winterized at 5 to 15° C.
- If it stays outside, the bucket must be well packed. You should also put him on a Styrofoam block.
- Planted Mazari palms are considered frost resistant to -9 ºC. In the short term, higher degrees of frost are tolerated. You should protect the palm well from frost.
- The Mazari palm is growing very slowly and is therefore quite expensive. Small seedlings or young plants cost just under 10 euros.
- They are not available everywhere, usually only with good breeders. For larger copies you have to expect much higher prices.