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Medinilla magnifica is a tropical plant, which impresses not only by its aesthetic leaves, but especially by its pink to coral red flowers. It is one of the most beautiful among the 521 spotted Medinilla species and can be cultivated as a houseplant. In the wild, it reaches a stature height of up to 3 meters and as a houseplant up to 1.5 meters.
Care and cultural instruction of Medinilla magnifica
Location: For flowering but also for healthy growth, the Medinilla needs a bright location, which also provides a little sun in the evening and early morning. In winter, during the low-light and short days from November to spring, it also tolerates the midday sun. Since it must not be exposed to direct sunlight during the warm season, their place should not be on the windowsill but in a traffic light or on a stool at the nearby window.
temperatures: Temperatures should be between 19 and 27 degrees throughout the year. However, the beautiful plant tolerates temperatures up to 13 degrees in the rest period but it should not be colder. In addition to a dry rest period, it requires the highest possible humidity for the development of its flowers, so the planter is placed in a bowl filled with stones and water. If the temperatures above 18 degrees, it is sprayed with shallow rainwater daily. After the complete formation of new leaves, the Medinilla should change to a cool place with temperatures of 16 to 18 degrees, so that new flower buds can form. Once they have shown, they can return to their warmer location. It is important that it is now neither moved nor rotated.
to water: Especially from spring to autumn, the Medinilla is regularly and evenly poured with well-tempered, low-limp water. However, only when the uppermost layer of earth has dried again. In the winter rest period, it is only given so much water that a complete drying out of the earth is prevented. Normal irrigation only starts again when the first flower buds start to form in spring or late winter.
Fertilize and nutrients: If the first flower buds have already opened, the plant can be fertilized with liquid fertilizer in a normal concentration every two weeks. In the period from autumn to spring she receives no fertilizer.
Substrate for the Medinilla magnifica
For the tropical plant, a mixture of 1/3 coarse loam soil, 1/3 loosely compost soil and 1/3 peat, which is mixed with a little sand, is recommended. Alternatively, it is also possible to use normal soil which has been mixed with a little coarse material, such as fiber peat.
Repotting and pruning
Ideally, the Medinilla magnifica is carefully transplanted to a larger planter every two years in the spring. Since the roots are a bit brittle, they should be treated carefully during cultivation. If the last flowers wither in late summer, they are cut off directly at the base. When pruning long shoots are about half to cut and remove unwanted bulky branches. If the medinilla has reached a stately size, it can already receive a pruning down to the old wood when repotting, whereby now also the root ball is to be reduced in size.
Propagation of the medinilla magnifica
The beautiful plant can be propagated with head cuttings or with the method of moss:
- will be cut in January or February
- and placed in a nursery bed (integrated heating)
- at temperatures of 30 to 35 degrees
- and extremely high humidity
- additional administration of rooting hormones
- from March to April
- Cut the perennial branch diagonally to the middle after sprouting
- Keep the gap open with a wedge and dust with rooting powder
- Wrap in moist moss, pulp or peat moss
- keep it evenly moist for several weeks
- after rooting, separate young plant and cultivate
- Max. Growth height as a houseplant rarely more than 1.5 meters
- Drooping 50 centimeters long Blütenrispen, which form in the upper branch range from late winter to summer
- reacts sensitively when relocating during flower and bud formation
If the medinilla is attacked by scale insects, scaly insects show up on the undersides of the leaves and on the sprouts. They honeydew and can be successfully fought with beneficials or insecticides. Even the red spider likes to infest this plant but spraying with water prevents a strong infestation. In addition, a regular check on the underside of the leaves shows an infestation in good time.
The smallest care mistake punishes the extremely sensitive plant, because if they do not receive enough water or if they are wrong, they quickly show scale lice and mealybugs. If she gets too much water, the roots rot and the medinilla comes in. If there are no pink inflorescences, there was a mistake in the wintering phase and if it is moved or rotated, the medinilla loses the leaves.
Worth knowing about the Medinilla magnifica soon
The Medinilla magnifica with its impressive flowers is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful plants but it is also very sensitive and needs proper care. If she receives the right location, the required amount of water and observes a few essential points, she soon develops magnificent flowers, which become the real eye-catcher.
The best is the Medinilla magnifica in a tropical window or in a temperate small greenhouse. It prefers a bright location, but only tolerates direct sunlight from November until the beginning of spring. Morning and evening sun, however, is well tolerated. The rest of the time is to protect the plant from the sun! In order to protect the strongly hanging flowering plants, a storage in a hanging basket or a high bucket as a planter is ideal.
The potting soil should be loose, rich in humus and enriched with coarse particles. When planting, care should be taken not to damage the plant.
Temperatures between 16 ºC and 25 ºC are best for Medinilla magnifica. It is especially important not to keep the root area too cool! After flowering and the complete formation of new leaves, the plant must be placed in a cooler location. Ideal are 16 ºC to 18 ºC. There, new flower buds form on the leaf axils. Once you see them, the Medinilla magnifica returns to a warmer location. This favors the formation of the flowers. Thereafter, the plant is not moving, not even rotated!
The Medinilla magnifica can be repotted all year round. During flowering there is a risk of damaging the delicate flowers. When repotting in the spring, one cuts back the same as previously chopped shoots to the first leaf knot. Also grown up, older plants are cut back into the old wood. Root bales can also be downsized.
Medinilla magnifica is increasingly being propagated by cuttings. That's difficult though. The cuttings, which are not yet very lignified, will be cut in January or February. They must be placed in a propagation bed, in addition need rooting (hormones), a lot of heat (30 ºC to 35 ºC) and extremely high humidity. Another possibility is the method of mossing from March to April.