The Content Of The Article:
- Tip 1 - Cultivation
- Tip 2 - Rearing
- Tip 3 - Use plants
- Tip 4 - Maintain melon plants
- Tip 5 - Feed the melons
- Tip 6 - harvest melons
If you like eating melons, you do not have to buy them in the supermarket. You can also grow melons yourself. Here are 6 tips for this to work.
Tip 1 - Cultivation
In the specialized trade high-quality melon seed is offered (predominantly from America), which is sowed first in small pots on the window sill or in the greenhouse, similarly as tomato plants. Ideally, you should place the individual seed cores in potting soil about 4 weeks before planting, lukewarm and cover with a translucent foil.
Of course, you can also sow your own seed, for example from a watermelon. Simply remove the seeds from the inside of the fruit, wash, dry well and keep until sowing. But beware: not enough dried melon seeds can mold and are then no longer germinable, meaning worthless as seed.
"Keep the culture pots warm
It is important that the seed pots always get enough ground heat - for example by switching on the heating under the window sill. But you can also put a Styrofoam plate under the pots.
Tip 2 - Rearing
"Maintain melon seedlings
After about 10 days, the melon seedlings are clearly recognizable in the growing pot. Now you can remove the foil. From this point on you have to water the melon seedlings regularly - Attention: Avoid waterlogging, so that the still-fine roots do not mold. You should not expose the small plantlets to direct sunlight. In greenhouses, the sunshine is much lower. As a rule, you do not have to protect the melons here anymore.
"Repot melon plants
If the melon plants in the pots slowly become too big or if they are too close to each other, you have to repot them again so that they do not cease their growth during rearing.
Tip 3 - Use plants
"Use melon plants at future location
The melon plants are ready after about one month so that you can use them at their future location - planting distance about 80 to 100 centimeters. Whether it's a greenhouse or a free-field bed, you'll need to make sure that you do not damage the sensitive roots when planting.
As far as the siting in the open air is concerned, you should choose a sunny, wind-protected place.
It is recommended to plant out in the field not before mid-May. First of all, you should first loosen the soil well and if possible enrich it with well rotted compost or cow dung. For this you should work the compost in the soil about 2 weeks before, let it settle and then first insert the melon plants in it and water well (again avoid waterlogging).
"Protect melon plants
In the first days / weeks it is advisable that you protect the melons with a transparent garden foil.
Tip 4 - Maintain melon plants
"You now have two options:
Either raise the melons in the air (climbing aid necessary) or you can branch the melons, which in turn make them wide. Branching can be achieved by capping the main shoot after about 6 plant leaves.
"Water melon plants
You must water your melons regularly, but always moderately, as they do not tolerate too much moisture too well. You also have to be careful that waterlogging never occurs. You should also always pour the melons in the morning or in the morning with slightly lukewarm rainwater.
"Melons in the greenhouse
If you grow melons in the greenhouse, then you should open this during the flowering phase for several hours a day so that the bees can pollinate the melon flowers.
"Put melons on polystyrene plates
As soon as melon fruits are recognizable, you must make sure that they do not lie directly on the moist soil - so it is best to place small polystyrene plates under the melons. This prevents the fruits from becoming rotten at one point.
Tip 5 - Feed the melons
If you put the melons in a well-enriched soil, you should fertilize them immediately before flowering and immediately before fruiting. For fertilization you can use vegetable fertilizers and tomato fertilizers.
Tip 6 - harvest melons
"When are melons ready?
Depending on the type of melon, the fruits will mature differently. Recognizable is a fruit ripening, for example, the withering of the leaves, the incomparable Melonenduft and the sound - Knock on ripe fruit just with your knuckles. A deep tone indicates the fruit ripeness.
When the fruits are ripe you can separate them from the shrub with a sharp knife.As with the pumpkin, the fruit base (stalks) should always remain on the fruit, which means it will last longer.