St. John's Day: Origin and Meaning


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The St. John's Day on 24 June is considered in agriculture, as well as the dormouse or the igloos, as a so-called "Lostag". The weather on these days is traditionally information about the weather for the upcoming harvest season. From such more or less reliable predictions many more or less reliable peasant rules developed. Calendar follows the St. John's Day close to the summer solstice, which takes place on 21 June. It marks the end of the sheep's cold and heralds the harvest time. In addition, from 24 June, the days become shorter again (saying: "When John is born go the long day lost, because from the time of St. John, there runs the sun 'winter').

St. John's Day as a departure day

Some plants blooming or ripening around June 24, such as St. John's wort and currant, were named after that day. In the near-natural agriculture the Johannistag is the latest date for the hay harvest. The blessed ashes of the Johannifeuer are scattered in the fields. The St. John's Day also plays an important role in the field of medicine: the medicinal plants and herbs for the medicine chest were collected from the "Johannisweiblein" (herbal women).

Last asparagus sting to Johanni

The last asparagus is engraved around the St. John's Day, hence the nickname "asparagus New Year's Eve". This ensures the plant has a rest period during which it can recover and regain enough strength in the rootstock for the next year. Only then will he be able to make enough reserves for the next harvest. But not only asparagus, also rhubarb should not be eaten according to ancient tradition after Johanni. The reason for this is the increased concentration of oxalic acid, especially in the older rhubarb leaves. The rhubarb also does the harvest break well, so that the plant can recover.

sting the last asparagus

After the end of June there are hardly any local asparagus to buy

Tree and hedge trimming

Most of the trees and shrubs have completed their first year's harvest on St. John's Day and are now thriving for the second time with fresh leaves and shoots. This new shoot is also called Johannistrieb. The classic date for the hedge trimming is also the time around the St. John's Day - the first year growth is then sharply trimmed and it grows only so much that the hedge is in good shape until the end of the season.

St. John's Wort

St. John's wort has many uses in natural medicine

Farmers rules around Johanni

"Until Johannis is planted - the date you can remember."
"Before Johanni asks for rain, afterwards he comes inconvenient."
"If there is no rain until Johanni, it's all well with the vine."
"It's raining on St. John's Day, it's still raining many days."
"At St. John's evening, lower the onion into a cool bed."
"Bees swarming before Johanni do the beekeeper's heart warm."
"Bring Johanni summer heat, it is good grain and Runkel good."

Video Board: Jaanipäev (St John's Day).

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