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In urban environments with lots of concrete and steel, hobby gardeners often want a little piece of nature back. They also want to design this little green oasis according to their own ideas and needs: a mini garden.
You can find it as a terraced garden, as a front yard or garden courtyard, sometimes as a mobile potted garden on an extended terrace or a large balcony. A miniature garden makes slightly different demands on the gardener than a large garden area. Nevertheless, one must confidently assume with his planning and design with Gertrude Jekyll, the famous English garden architect, "that it really does not depend on its size for the beauty of a garden."
Of its big brothers, the mini garden differs not only by its limited space and space. Often, various other challenges have to be mastered, such as limiting house walls, unfavorable light conditions or not ideal ground conditions. In the smallest area, these problem areas are much more serious than they are large, because the evasion possibilities in the entire area are naturally very limited. At the beginning of every garden planning is therefore a careful inventory of existing, natural conditions:
Is there a certain amount of floor space available and what about its quality? For example, is the soil very sandy, very boggy or ideally humic, loose with small amounts of clay and sand? Must be dodged on bucket?
What about the sunshine? Are there any shady buildings or existing large trees that take light away? In the other case, is it the case that the miniature garden is massively irradiated by the sun?
Wind conditions and noise protection
From which side does wind penetrate predominantly?
Is noise protection by suitable hedge planting useful?
Wishes at the miniature gardens
The future miniature gardener should formulate his own wishes after the inventory. Examples include:
- Is a cozy sitting and resting place in the green most important?
- Should there be certain design elements such as a mini pond or a very specific type of plant such as a rose hedge or the like?
- Should there be a fruit, herbal and vegetable content when planting?
Implementation and special design tips for the mini garden
The selection of plants also follows the Minigarten according to the general rules on light, soil and irrigation claims. Naturally, small species of plants naturally often offer themselves in the mini garden. For the height of trees and hedges there is a clue. According to the so-called 30 degree rule, the optical angle of a woody backdrop should be less than 30 degrees in order to maintain the proportion and to feel comfortable in the garden. On the other hand, especially with the mini garden, the utilization of the vertical plane in addition to the surface must always be considered. Optical tricks with colors and contrasts create the illusion of more space in the mini garden.
Trees / shrubs
Suitable woody plants are creative as a room divider, limitations and privacy well suited. So you can use, for example, espalier fruit as a limitation, privacy and also to the delight of their own harvesting. When it comes to fruit, one should also think of pots and tubs, because many varieties are offered which also bring plenty of harvest in pots. High trunks and climbers are generally good because they also use the height and not the area extensively.
Perennial flowerbeds can also be designed on a small area in such a way that something different blooms in every season. Here you should pay particular attention in the small garden to a harmonious interaction with the trees.
Water / mirror
Small water areas offer a special atmosphere. With mirrors, they create an impression of more space. Mirrors, for example, achieve something similar to a house wall.
Arcade / trellises
Similar to espalier fruit, the pergola and trellises use the height.
Colors, contrasts and fixed points
White and yellow make a visual impression, blue creates spatial depth. A bright plant at the end of the garden with dark green plants in front of it works wonders when it comes to width effect. Optical fixed points such as tall shrubs regulate the width effect.
All in all, the mini garden offers the gardener a similarly wide variety of design options as large gardens. However, the charm of its design lies in a certain self-restraint and concentration of the means of design and plants used. Planning is especially important here. Every plant, every decoration has its meaning and space on the smallest surface.
More tips for planting in the mini garden
For a balanced harmony provide plants that are coordinated with each other in color or tone on tone created.
Flower pots, plant pots and other accessories should also be chosen in the color tones of the flowers and plants. Playing with colors and shapes will be an experience in any mini garden when you combine different plants and bring them together. Colors play an important role in the garden. In addition to the dominant shades of green, bright, bold variants or delicate shades of white, yellow, red and blue set special accents. Pink, blue, purple and white look romantic to elegant. In addition very beautiful dull and shiny pots, lanterns, lanterns and decorative balls can be combined. Warm yellows and reds make a happy, cheerful impression.
Choose plant pots made of terracotta or different colors and shapes. Decorative items, tablecloths, seating arrangements, etc., go well with mixed colors of orange, pumpkin, sun-yellow or green. The color design must include the entire garden, so all plants, woody plants, beds, borders and complementary Kübelbepflanzung. According to personal taste, the color combination of the different seasons should be chosen for the mini garden. Especially a particularly harmonious effect is achieved if all garden areas at a season have the same combination of colors. Light and dark shades may vary.
The planting in the mini garden should be done according to growth height. The Hollyhock provides for a long period of vigorous floral decoration. It is very narrow and tall, so you can combine it well with and between other plants.