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Moabi - wood, parquet, profileMoabi wood is one of the hardest and heaviest types of wood. The scientific name for Moabi is Baillonella toxisperma, in botany it is known under Mimuspos djave, it belongs to the family of Sapotaceae.
The natural occurrence of Moabi wood is in West Africa throughout the equatorial forest, particularly common is the wood in the east of Gabon, to be found in the Congo, Cameroon and Nigeria.
The Moabi tree grows on moist and dry soil.
Moabi wood has very high technical values, far exceeding any native wood species in Europe. In part, it is even resistant to attack by shells and termites. Since the wood has a very high density, the processing in the undried state is difficult.
For this reason, the Moabi wood must be air-dried and can only be processed with special steels, due to the fine deposits of pebbles. The Moabi tree is a very large tree whose trunk is 20 to 30 meters free of branches.
The diameter of the trunks is between 80 centimeters and 1.50 meters, isolated trees may also have a diameter over 2.50 meters.
Moabi wood: color and structure
The sapwood of Moabi wood is usually about three to six inches wide, in younger wood, however, it can be wider.
The color of the splint ranges from pale yellowish to pink gray.
The heartwood, on the other hand, has a light red to violet brown color, which darkens mostly reddish brown. The color of the heartwood is very similar to the Douka and Makore, or the Azobe / Bongossi.
The pores of Moabi wood are of medium size and are for the most part very dispersed in radial
Arranged groups. If the surfaces are very smooth, then they are still recognizable as pore grooves. With Thyllen the pores of the heartwood are always blocked. The wood rays are of a very fine structure and do not affect the wood picture.
On cross-sections, the storage cells can be seen as narrow tangential bands, which are particularly evident in the heartwood of the Moabi. As a fine filing, the memory cells are tangentially only partially visible.
The growth zones appear differently distinctly due to the somewhat darker wood and often cause a slight light to dark coloration. The grain in Moabi wood is almost straight grained, which may come in other species to a different strong interlocked grain and consequently the glossy stripes are clearly visible.
If the surfaces of Moabi wood are planed, they often get a matte attractive shine. Exact fits or holes are required for structural connections, screws and nails. It creates a lovely dust for the mucous membranes during processing, so that the wood should be processed only with suction.
Surface treatment and use of Moabi wood
For exterior use, Moabi wood should be preferred to glaze, otherwise it can be treated like Douka and Makore. If the wood is untreated, it may take on a light brown to gray color due to the weather.
The use of Moabi wood is versatile, it can be used as solid wood for outdoor use, because it has special strength properties. Preferably, the wood is used for parquet, as it enhances each room visually.
But wood is also suitable for stairs, window and door frames. Moabi wood is also used in paneling, furniture veneers and the simpler qualities in boat building and as industrial plywood.