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Remove mold in bathroom, on walls and ceilingsWhat is mold and where can you find it?
Mold is a fungus. Strictly speaking, not just one.
Mushroom researchers differentiate about 10,000 different types of mold fungus, of which fortunately very few occur in apartments.
Mold always forms a furry fluff on the ground, which is variable. Mold likes to spread in warm and humid areas and prefers rich nutrient media such as food or wood. However, it can also occur in homes, often in the bathroom (due to humidity), but also on walls or in the ceiling. If you can see the first fluff formations, it has also developed in depth at the same time. The fungus forms so-called "hyphae", root-like braids that dig themselves into the nutrient medium. That makes the distance very difficult, by the way.
Mold can have different colors. In the bathroom is often not harmless black mold, as well as on walls. But also yellow or white mold is not rare here. Green mold preferably occurs on food. Rarely do you find reddish or bluish mold, which is generally also found more on food.
White horse in the apartment
Mold, as mentioned above, likes to form where it finds heat and moisture. All organic substances serve as a breeding ground, therefore mold grows everywhere: on stone, wood, in the
Earth and even on plastics. Modern building techniques enable well-insulated houses and apartments. This is - strange as it may sound right from the beginning - beneficial for mold growth. Because good insulation means poorer ventilation and mold can quickly form into minimal weak points of thermal insulation. Bedroom, bathroom and kitchen are as well as basements particularly endangered, since here through the use of more moisture than in other rooms. Or. Basement rooms tend to be generally more humid than living spaces. Special attention should be paid to all places where humid air comes out: window niches, balcony doors, outside walls, especially at the corners.
Visible signs of mold are dark or yellow marks on the walls or the ceiling, black spots on silicone joints in the bathroom or even in the spaces between the tiles. Often mold also hides behind furniture, where he can form a proper carpet unhindered. The first invisible sign is a musty smell.
Mold in the apartment is not only ugly, but also dangerous to health. Those who live in a moldy apartment for a long time are exposed to a not inconsiderable risk.
Mold, or its spores, which it releases into the air, can lead to diseases of the respiratory tract (bronchitis, cough, asthma attacks), migraine, muscle problems, allergies, reddening of the eyes or concentration problems. If you are exposed to a very high mold pollution in the long term, even signs of intoxication can occur, which in extreme cases can lead to death. That's because mold spores contain toxins. Therefore, it is particularly important to fight mold at the first sign.
Proper mold removal and prevention
Of course, it is important not to challenge mold. This means that you should ventilate regularly and heat well. Moldy foods should be removed immediately and mold in the bathroom, which quickly forms on the silicon joints and between tiles, should be combated immediately. There are special anti-mold sprays in supermarkets, which are very effective against this "everyday mold".
Of course, it gets more difficult when the mold is already sitting in the damp wall or in the ceiling. As already mentioned, this fungus also grows in depth, so it is not done with a simple wipe.
In addition to the sprays mentioned above, it is also possible to attack him in fresh infestations with simple budgetary funds.
For example, 50% vinegar solution is very effective.
But also a mixture of spirit and water in the correct mixing ratio (best to consult an expert) is extremely effective. Chlorine bleach or other chlorine-containing solutions are also helpful.
It is important to make sure that only newly formed mold is superficial. Here then simple sprays or aggressive solutions are enough to remove the fungus, that it does not come back. However, if the mold is not recognized in time, it may already be sitting deep in the masonry or beams. Then often only helps a renovation of the entire wall, because the mold has then penetrated all building materials and would occur again and again with simple wiping.
In a rented apartment you have to contact the landlord in this case. Then, of course, the responsibility for the mold infestation is checked, which often requires an appraiser to be called.The most effective way to remove the mold from the damp wall or damp ceiling is by doing so.
It is also very important that after water damage the walls or ceilings are always thoroughly dried again. Especially such places are susceptible to the fungus and here it is not done with a superficial drying, because he can just deep in the wall "beat his roots".