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Winter is over and the lawn begins to unfold its green splendor. Disturbing is weeds, especially lawn moss. The so-called Sparrige wrinkled brother complicates the life of many hobby gardeners. The reasons for the occurrence are often a wrong lawn care or wrong turf, sometimes both. Moose are very adaptable plants and spread via spores. Reasons for their occurrence are heavy soil, nutrient deficiency, unsuitable grass seed mixtures, too little or too deep cut and too little light. With the right measures, moss can quickly disappear from the lawn and also be permanently banned for the most part.
Moss killers do not solve the root causes of weeds, just the symptoms. The product is available from gardeners, contains the active ingredient ferrous sulfate and is usually offered in combination with lawn fertilizer. Furthermore, preparations with acetic acid are available, which will moss the moss. A new type of moss killer contains the metabolite poison Quinoclamin and should keep the whole season on the moss from the lawn. All products ensure that the moss dies within a few days, but they should be handled with care. Iron may cause brown spots. Ferrous sulfate and quinoclamine work best in humid weather, acetic acid products in dry conditions. The best way to spread the funds together with the lawn fertilizer, so the grasses are fortified. The weeds are eliminated, further steps make sure that it does not come back.
Scarifying the lawn
About ten days after fertilizing and treating against moss, the lawn will be mowed as short as possible. Then the dead moss is removed with a scarifier. The device should be set so that the rotating blades are one to two millimeters deep. The turf is combed particularly thoroughly if the lawn is scarred first in longitudinal and then in transverse paths.
Sand for strained turf
If the lawn is severely strained, e.g. by playing football or the like, there is a risk that the topsoil condenses over time. The rainwater can not seep away and the moss has the optimal conditions in moist soil. In order to prevent this problem, coarse sand should be applied after scarifying. The layer may be so thick that only the blade tips of the mowed lawn are visible. An alternative is to incorporate building sand in large quantities right from the ground preparation.
New turf seed
Mostly, after scarifying the mossy turf, only bare soil remains behind. So that the sward quickly becomes denser again, the freshly scarified lawn should be sown everywhere. It is best to use quality seed, in no case cheap seed. After about four to six weeks, the lawn is mowed for the first time, it must not dry out until then.
Problem: Shady lawn
In the shade of buildings and trees, lawns are usually not dense and vermoost. Also special shade grass is suitable at most for light shade. Under trees, the soil is rather too dry than too wet, so it should be regularly watered. The mowing height should be five to six centimeters, so that the leaf area can capture the little light.
Prevention is better
To keep the lawn moss-free, proper care is essential. It is important to mow the lawn during the growing season from March to November. The area is best mown once a week, the cut should remain four to five inches high. A long-term fertilizer supply to the grass in the spring ensures a few months, after which re-fertilization is required in the summer. Enough nutrients form a dense grass carpet and the moss has no chance.
Causes of moss
- Acid soil
- nutrient-poor soil
- a lot of moisture and shade
Scarifying the lawn is a very important job that does the grass good and makes life difficult for the moss. When scarifying, the whole lawn is either raked through or with an electronic device, a so-called scarifier. The moss felt is taken out with all the roots and the lawn can breathe again. It is recommended to do this at least twice a year; in spring and autumn, but then intense.
Lime against acid soil
Often you can see in the spring lawns that sometimes look really white. No, that's not snow, it's lime. Lime regulates the ph value of the soil. The more neutral the soil is, the worse this is for the moss. That's why: Every spring, lime properly!
Sand against moisture
Since sand makes the water seep, you can sprinkle the lawn with sand in spring. It uses very fine-grained sand and spreads it across the lawn wide.It can be more, depending on your needs. You can now scrape the sand in or something. Once the sand is on the ground, the earthworms are also used, which feel comfortable in the sand and work it into the soil.
Moss is just a matter of its own. You can fight it and also quite successful, but for a long time it will always occur at least occasionally. You will never get rid of it in damp and shady places. The only possibility here is the sowing of shade grass, which can deal better with the moss.