The Content Of The Article:
Moss in the grass? Moss or lawn is the real motto, because where grass plants feel good, moss usually does not like to grow, and vice versa. Once the lawn has been strengthened, the moss can be easily fought with simple and non-hazardous means - on the other hand, moss is such a great plant that you could give it more room in bad grass areas, and there are also suggestions:
Where does the moss come from?
A question that should first be explored - if the moss grows right back, the whole moss control or moss destruction will not do you any good:
- 1. If the moss in your lawn is growing so well that it will become more, it seems that there are conditions that make moss more appealing than turf.
- 2. Weak grass plants lead to patchy vegetation, which can not defend itself very well against the penetration of foreign plants, which favored settlement of moss.
- 3. Moss likes to grow in moist soil and in the shade. Wet soil under the lawn is formed when the turf does not develop a proper turf (loose rooting), but vegetates as a matted surface.
- 4. Maybe the soil pH is not right. Grass plants grow best at pH values around 7.0. PH levels below 5.3 mean that the soil is too acidic. Many mosses love such pH levels and gradually reduce the grass plants in the lawn.
Therefore, the first measure against moss is always to change the conditions on the site so that grass plants grow better than moss:
1. Weak grass plants can be caused by several care mistakes:
- Too rare and / or too deep mowing weakens the lawn, which can then no longer prevail against moss plants
- If the moss has been fought, the lawn should be regularly and frequently mowed, with not too short cut
- Regular raking removes dead plant parts and other residues, leaving the turf open and permeable
- Inadequate or too abundant irrigation: too little water causes the grass plants to dry up, too much causes the roots to rot
- Wrong watering: watering in the hot midday sun burns the grass plants, rather than once properly and pour little
- Nutrient deficiencies also weaken the lawn, as does an oversupply of nutrients
- The exact fertilizer requirement can be determined by soil analysis or adjusted by observation
- Do not use synthetic mineral fertilizers, but organic fertilizer and compost
- Cut shadowy trees, so that the lawn gets more sun
- Check assortment of applied lawn seeds
- All grass plants grow well in the sun, but there are also grass plants that tolerate a good deal of shade
- You could buy them and spend them as a sown
4. In the long term, a turf will become loose if it is allowed to develop a proper deep turf. A sward of well-growing grass plants is not repeatedly cut open by constant deep scarifying, but grows up to mowing and raking on the surface as undisturbed as possible, dead roots are disposed of by an army of soil organisms. Until such a self-regulating English turf has developed, it will take a while and may need some regrowth of possibly altered grass plants, but it's worth it. Not only in terms of appearance, also the care is reduced to mowing and raking and nutrient supply.
5. The pH of the soil is first measured and then adjusted correctly by liming if necessary.
- The classic means is gardening: matted lawn is "felted", first by scarifying, so criss-cross
- Then raked thoroughly, as many plant residues as possible from the lawn down to the right to breathe
- Moss pads that have survived this treatment are removed by handwork
- Post-treatment with fertilizer and grass seeds, please use certified, suitable RSM seeds (standard seed mixtures)
For moss removal other, at first glance faster means are recommended, but have their disadvantages:
- Moss can also be removed with ferrous sulfate, which kills it, but also turns it into black hazardous waste
- Ferrous sulfate is not a particularly harmless substance, but toxic to highly corrosive
- Upon contact, it is acutely irritating to corrosive to the skin and mucous membranes
- Through skin contact and via the respiratory tract, the sulfate also enters the body immediately
- From 20 mg per kg of body weight on the gastrointestinal tract, liver and cardiovascular system are damaged...
- Sure, you will not consume, but there is no reason to throw such a substance on the lawn
- This does not change anything if you are sold in the hardware store "iron fertilizer", whose active ingredient is also iron (II) sulfate
- According to information from the Federal Environmental Agency, you do not need this dangerous substance as an iron fertilizer. There is no iron deficiency in our soils
- The DIY chain Bauhaus reacted to the "Poison News" as early as 2012 and removed the fertilizer from its over-the-counter range
- For moss control, the use of iron fertilizer (and other herbicides) alone is quite pointless - if the causes of moss growth are not eliminated, it will come back
- Iron fertilizer also makes the soil more acidic, a pleasure for new moss, but even more stress for the grass.
- Against mosses further diverse herbicides with maleic hydrazide + pelargonic acid are admitted to the dangers of these "gentle remedies" see "Destroying weeds in the garden / lawn without chemicals"
- Acetic acid and other fatty acids also destroy the moss
- As well as 2,4-D + Dicamba + ferrous sulfate, what the (you harm), you can read in the article "field winds / Zaunwinde destroy"
- Incidentally, all of these remedies also have the small disadvantage of turfing on the grass, and any grass plant that gets some of the herbicides probably will not survive
While you walk across the lawn on a nice spring day and remove moss pads, you might philosophize a bit about grass and moss and their (decoration) value, here are a few facts: Moose are among the oldest, living plants our earth, they can be several thousand years old and still remain beautiful green - because they reproduce by generational change, every year a new, young moss grows, soft and beautiful to run, and mowed it does not have to be. Forest soil is often covered in moss, but not to its detriment: mosses can absorb water only from the air and not from the soil, they protect the soil, without taking away the plants growing under / next to them, on the contrary, they save tens of times their weight Rainwater and fog and slowly release this water to the forest floor (the heath, the meadow). This contributes to the fact that forest soil is one of the best soils ever. As the lowest soil layer, mosses play an important role in the ecosystem; they are a habitat and food source for insects, small animals such as mice and hedgehogs and small reptiles, they prevent rapid drainage of surface water and soil erosion, they filter nutrients from the precipitation. The plants on or beside which they grow do not harm them.
Next can moss
- colonize extreme locations as a pioneer plant (make extremely damaged sites fertile again)
- be used as an alternative pesticide because of its action against bacteria, fungi, snails
- be mixed as a plant residue for soil loosening and improving the water storage capacity in the soil
- in the potting soil for potted plants provide a particularly good root development
- in some species (hammocks, peat moss, Widertonmoos) wooden houses and wooden boats seal
- Moss has a disinfectant and antiseptic effect, in peat baths and peat wraps, wound compresses and ointments
- TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) uses many types of moss, against inflammation, skin diseases and skin damage such as eczema and burns
Lawn without moss is nice, but only with the right care and above all only at the right location. If the location does not suit lawns, moss could be a nice alternative.
Video Board: Lawn Moss.