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A bed of magnificent and accompanying perennials ensures colorful accents in the garden almost all year round. However, some aspects have to be considered in the design, because not all perennials can be combined. Each plant has a different claim to location and nutrient availability. Some species prefer sunny locations, while others prefer to be planted in the shade. In addition, the plants should complement each other meaningfully in color and shape. The perfect bed develops a new flower splendor every month.
When designing the bed, the aesthetic aspect is in the foreground. So that the eye is not overwhelmed, not too many colors should be used. It is also crucial that the perennials do not bloom at the same time. Tip: Pay attention to the heyday. Perennials, which bloom in the change, provide over months for a great colourfulness!
The optimal perennial flowerbed consists of high, medium and low stature heights. These different plant sizes visually loosen the bed and provide variety. Also keep in mind that the plants make different demands on the place. This should already be taken into account when setting the seedlings, so that the perennials do not press themselves later. For the Beetränder plants are particularly good, which form a low stature and cover with their leaves the ground. This will not only embellish the bed. Soil coverage also prevents weeds from spreading.
When designing the bed and selecting the plants, you should also consider the following aspects:
- Less is more: too many different plant species are chaotic. Prefer to select a few so that the bed gets a structure.
- Keep calm: The colorful splendor is indeed nice to look at, but a calm pole in the bed creates a relaxed atmosphere. For this purpose, a hedge or a woodland is suitable.
- Courage for art: perennials are planted in the form of mosaics. Magnificent shrubs form the dominant aspect, while accompanying shrubs underline these centers.
When designing a perennial flowerbed, it is important that you pay attention to the different requirements of the plants. Perennials prefer an open location that is flooded with plenty of light. Therefore, make sure that no shady hedges or trees prevent the plants from growing. The soil must be rich in nutrients and humus.
Tip: In the spring, mix the soil with compost soil. This will add all the important nutrients to the soil. At the same time it is relaxed.
The moisture content in the soil should be evenly distributed. This is achieved by a loosening of the soil, because the water seeps through here well. There is no waterlogging and the roots get enough oxygen. As perennial and parietal perennials have different nutrient and light availability requirements, you should be careful to mix shallow and deep-rooted species. Plants, such as lupines and precious peonies, can not be placed side by side. Both species have high nutritional requirements and would be in the growth. They should be mixed with accompanying perennials from dyer chamomile or mountain flake flowers.
These plants are characterized by filled inflorescences and a long flowering period. Their colorful splendor brings shine to any garden. Among the most beautiful magnificent shrubs include:
- Sun hat (Echinacea purpurea)
- Lupine (Lupinus-Polyphyllus hybrids)
- Grandstand (Astilbe thunbergii and A. Arendsii hybrids)
- Sun Bride (Helenium hybrids)
- Silver candle (Genus Cimicifuga)
As accompanying perennials, the plants carry the task of increasing the effect of the magnificent perennials. They should complement the pre- and post-flowering period. Therefore, the flower color of magnificent and accompanying perennials should be coordinated. The following accompanying perennials provide the optimal supplement in your bed:
- Girl's eye (Genus Coreopsis)
- Honorary Award (Genus Veronica)
- Lady's Mantle (Genus Alchemilla)
- Gold Strawberry (Waldsteinia ternata)
- Bellflower (Genus Campanula)
frequently asked Questions
- Why is a pruning necessary? - So that the plants do not sow themselves and so the bed is changed.
- Do perennials need to be watered? - In dry periods, the beds should be poured. Even in the first year, the plants need a lot of moisture in order to thrive.
- What are upholstery? - These are plants that cover the soil and are planted on the verges.
- The most important thing is of course the selection of plants.
- It is better not to bring too many colors into play, otherwise there will be too much competition. The eye does not know where to look first.
- Important is the heyday. Not all perennials should bloom at the same time, but always only a few in turn, so that there are enough flowers for months.
- In addition, the stature height is crucial. High, medium and low plants must be combined.
- Finally, the space requirement of the individual perennials is decisive. At first they are still quite small, but over the years they develop. A freshly planted peony hardly needs space, but after a few years you have to plan a lot of space for it.
- When selecting the plants, the site conditions have to be taken into account, ie soil conditions and lighting conditions.
- Pay attention to closed uprights. One selects there plants, whose sheets cover the soil completely.
- If you do not want to work a lot with your perennial flowerbed, you should choose long-lived perennials that do not need to be shared as often as possible in order to remain flowering.
- Ideal are peonies, funerals, Christmas and lilac roses, daylilies, record sheets and honeysuckle.
- Cheap for the Beetrand are purple bells, low beak species and lungwort.
- Not too many different types.
- It would be better to choose few plants and more of them, that works better in the whole.
- Also do not choose too many colors, rather everything tone on tone.
- It is important that the growth conditions are correct.
- A quiet pool in the bed usually does well, either a small boxwood enclosure, a green hedge in the background, a beautiful foliage or white flowering perennials.
- Plants are competitors for light, water and nutrients. The stronger expel the weaker, it is important when planting.
- Beware of plants that sow themselves. They multiply uncontrollably. With them, the withered inflorescences must be removed. These include columbine, lupins, phlox and others.
- Spring blooms, so tulips, daffodils, crocuses, etc. and short-lived flowering plants such as foxglove, cosmeen, snapdragon loosen the perennial flowerbed and provide every year for variety.
A perennial flowerbed is an eye-catcher in every garden. It impresses with its variety of flowers and colors, but is also very interesting due to the different leafy plants and the leaves of the perennials themselves, especially in the still flowering time.
Good splendor or Leitstauden
- Sea Holly
- globe thistle
- lady's mantle
- forget Me Not
If you want to create a perennial bed, many things must be considered. The location, the soil, the plants themselves, the care and much more. The more you work with the bed in the planning phase, the less work you will have with it, at least if you plan properly. So it pays to invest some time in the planning and selection of plants.