The Content Of The Article:
- The most popular cucumber varieties at a glance
Cucumbers enjoy great popularity in the summer, especially from their own garden. The selection of cucumbers is huge. Here once the most popular varieties and their properties are presented.
Cucumbers from their own garden are something nice. The aroma is much more intense and also the shell, in which most of the vitamins are stuck, can be eaten without hesitation. (Reading tip: Are cucumbers healthy?)
If you want to grow cucumbers in your garden, you are spoiled for choice. There are countless varieties and new varieties are coming to market again and again.
Basically, a distinction between the cucumbers between snake cucumbers, cucumbers and pickling and peeling cucumbers. Snake cucumbers are the long fruits that we also know from the vegetable department of supermarkets. These are mainly grown in the greenhouse. (Reading tip: growing snake cucumbers - Greenhouse & Field Guide)
The cucumber is especially suitable for outdoor cultivation. Pickling cucumbers are primarily cultivated for subsequent pickling or canning, so they last a long time. We would like to introduce a few popular varieties for growing in the garden today.
The most popular cucumber varieties at a glance
❀ The F1 hybrid varieties
The hybrids are suitable for crossbreeding. The 1 behind the F stands for the first generation. You cross two types of cucumber to unite the positive qualities of both. The result is usually varieties that are much more robust and resistant and also deliver even higher yields. Among these bitter-free cucumbers are the varieties:
- Moneta and
Moneta is a medium-early and bitter-free cucumber for outdoor use. You can sow them directly in the field from mid-May or you prefer them in pots or in the cold frame from April. (Recommended reading: Prefer cucumbers - Advantages & instructions presented) This species prefers a sunny location with humus rich, nutritious and loose soil. The fruits are about 40 cm long and best eaten raw.
This variety is certainly one of the best pickled cucumbers for the garden. Even when the weather is cool and wet, the plant produces seedless fruits, every flower is fructified. The bitter-free variety is also resistant to viruses and scabies and mildew. From mid-May, the seeds can be applied directly in the bed. Beginning of April, pre-cultivation in the cold frame or on the windowsill is possible. Also for the greenhouse, this variety is well suited.
Very productive is also this small greenhouse cucumber with dark green up to 16 cm long fruits. One single plant can produce up to 40 fruits in one season, and the long harvest period is one of the pluses. The fruits are bitter-free and resistant to mildew and scabies. It is recommended to add this variety to the fig leaf pumpkin. (Reading tip: refining cucumbers - That's how it's done)
❀ Bidretta F1
This is a robust inlay cucumber with firm fruits and slim growth. The bitter-free, mid-early variety thrives even in very unfavorable weather conditions and is resistant to scabies and mosaic disease. Sow from mid-May directly into the field. The site should be sheltered from the wind and sunny with loose soil rich in humus and nutrients.
❀ Diamond F1
This mid-late variety is a wonderful vinegar and pickle cucumber and is completely bitter-free. The fruits have a shiny surface and are a maximum of 9 cm long. The fruits are resistant to mildew and can be harvested from August to October. Pre-culture may take place in pots from April, sowing outdoors from mid-May. The soil should be loose and nutritious, the plant needs lots of sun and heat.
This variety is an ideal spice and pickle, which contains a particularly large number of minerals. The cucumbers are bitter-free and robust against the mildew. Sowing can be done directly from the middle of May into the bed. The site must be protected from wind and full sun, the variety needs a humus rich and fertilized substrate. If the fruits are harvested early, this increases the yield. The sowing must be kept warm and supplied with much stale water in dry weather.
❀ Restina F1
This Quedlinburg new breed is free of bitter substances and resistant to powdery mildew and other diseases. The precocious strain is an ideal pickle and surprises with a very high yield. From April you can start with the pre-culture in pots, otherwise from mid-May direct sowing in the garden. During the growth phase, you should provide the plants with plenty of water and repeatedly re-fertilize. You should harvest twice a week, because the harvest period is very long.
This variety with medium-length fruits is suitable as a salad or inlay cucumber. In the cold frame or in pots, you can start in April with the pre-culture, from mid-May, the young plants can then in the garden. The soil must be warm and loose, and it must contain plenty of humus and nutrients. The planting holes are best filled with compost earth. The harvest takes place in summer until autumn.
❀ Chinese snakes
These long and slender cucumbers can be sowed outdoors from mid-May or you can opt for pre-cultivation on the windowsill or in the cold frame. The soil must be warm, rich in humus, nutritious and pleasantly loose, in the planting holes give compost soil. In summer you should water abundantly and administer a liquid fertilizer. (Reading tip: Pouring cucumbers - You should pay attention) The fruits reach a length of up to 40 cm and are especially recommended as raw food.
❀ Flamingo F1
This hybrid is bitter-free and resistant to mildew, scabies and leaf spot disease. Each flowering of this cucumber is fruitful, the fruits reach a length of up to 35 cm. In pots, you can spread the seeds from the end of February, use a humus rich seed soil here best. The plants must be watered and fertilized abundantly, the shoots bind you best to a grid. (Reading tip: Fertilize cucumbers - How to increase your yield) It is advisable to transplant the plants to low dams after four to six weeks.
❀ Saladin F1
Another bitter-free cucumber is the variety Saladin F1, which is particularly productive. The fruits reach a length of about 35 cm and grow very fast. However, this variety is only suitable for cultivation in a greenhouse or under foil. Grow the plants in the pot from February. The need for water and fertilizer is very high for this variety.
❀ Tanja F1
This cucumber is completely free of bitter substances and grows up to 40 cm long. It is very early to expect yields, also, the harvest period is very long. From mid-May direct sowing takes place in the bed, from April you can already prefer in pots. This variety needs a sunny spot with humus rich, loose and nutritious soil. In summertime she needs plenty of water and regularly a good complete fertilizer. The harvest can then take place between July and September.
❀ Excelsior F1
This refined, bitter-free variety is equally suitable as an inlay and cucumber. It is resistant to mildew and scabies and can also be grown in the greenhouse. The fruits are slightly prickly, but have a very special aroma.
❀ Cucumber Sonja
The cucumber Sonja is a very robust free-range and cucumber, which is absolutely bitter-free and produces up to 35 cm long fruits. You can grow it well as organic cucumber, because it is extremely resistant. You can also grow the cucumber well in the greenhouse. It needs a warm, loose soil that is rich in nutrients. The location should be sunny. The shoots should bind to a grid up, so the fruits can grow better. The sowing takes place from mid-May directly into the field, the harvest takes place between July and October.
One should focus on bitter-free varieties that are not susceptible to mildew.