Moths, clothes moths - Detect and fight with parasitic wasps


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Clothes moths can occur anywhere. Whether a household is clean or not has no bearing on that. Moths often come into the room through open windows. An attractant for male moths include the moth traps with pheromone.

However, the annoying holes in the stored clothing are not caused by the moths themselves, but by the eggs of the moths and the larvae hatching therefrom.

Moths in the wardrobe

A classic sign of moth infestation are small holes or thin spots in the clothing. Moths prefer natural fabrics like cashmere and wool. Wool carpets can already with the purchase

Moth eggs are infected. The caterpillars, which hatch from the eggs, do not stop at synthetic fibers. If the caterpillar has eaten enough, then she pupates. The result is a sticky web, which is clearly visible on the textiles. After about a quarter of a year, the new moth hatches, planting and laying new eggs. Each moth can lay up to 300 eggs. The eggs are resistant to temperatures between -17° C and +50° C. Moth control therefore takes some time.

Combat clothes moths with parasitic wasps

Web wasps are natural enemies of clothing moths. The ravenous animals are around 0.4 mm in size and almost invisible to the naked eye. Worm wasps do not sting. They can not fly and are not dangerous to humans. The parasitic wasp Trichogramma evanescens is one of the legwheps. This genus specializes in the eradication of parasites. They eat eggs or lavas and make them harmless. Wasps destroy the eggs of clothing moths and food moths.

The wasp female lays its own egg in the egg of the moth. The larvae of the parasitic wasp eat the egg from within. It can no longer hatch a new moth. Web wasps are very purposeful in their search for moth eggs. They are based on odor traces which mate moth females or the moth eggs emit. The use of parasitic wasps in the apartment is still getting used to. Several parasitic wasps are already being used in the garden and on insect control fields. An example is the Trichogramma brassicae, She combats the European corn borer.

Buy wasp wasps and apply

The eggs of parasitic wasps are available on the Internet. The eggs of the beneficial insects are on simple paper cards. The degree of maturity of eggs on a card is different. Ideally, some parasitic wasps should hatch each day. A delivery includes several cards with eggs. Distribute the delivered cards in the cupboard. In about two weeks, the first wasps hatch, which in turn start laying eggs. Depending on the provider, there will be a new delivery of wasp wasp six times every two weeks. Take the old cards out of the cupboard and replace them with new cards. Over the period of use of the parasitic wasps, the entire development cycle of all already laid eggs of the clothes moth is covered. The entire stock of moth eggs is destroyed almost without human intervention and without any sound.

By the way: How do the parasitic wasps develop? - If there are no more moths to be found, then the slipcats disintegrate into dust. Some of the point-sized beneficials may escape through an open window. The others are disposed of as house dust.

Chemical means to combat clothes moths

Anyone who finds the battle of survival in the wardrobe disgusting can also combat clothes moths chemically. Traps with attractant help most efficiently. The attractant pheromone contains scents of moth females. The male animals are attracted to it and stick in the traps. Never place the traps near the window. This lures new moths into the room. A mating can not take place by the trapped males. Also commercially available are spraying chemical agents. The previously used mothballs are not recommended. Mothballs contain naphthalene and paradichlorobenzene. Both substances are very odor-intensive and distribute the moths by stench. Mothballs are harmful to human health. During disposal, the gaseous substances pollute the environment.

Interesting facts about moth control in brief

  • Delicate woolen stuff can be put in the freezer for a week. The temperature should be below -17° C.
  • Wash affected clothing at 90° C or bring the items to cleaning.
  • Wipe the wardrobe with a mixture of vinegar and water and let it dry well. If you blow out corners and cracks with a hot hair dryer, then you may be able to kill any existing moth eggs.
  • Instead of vinegar, no-oil can be used.
  • Put out odorless moth paper in the closet for humans.
  • Keep unworn items in tightly closed plastic bags.
  • The smell of lavender, camphor, walnut or cedar do not like moths. For wardrobes there are special fragrance bags.
  • Do not hang worn clothes in the closet. Moths also feed on dander and are attracted to sweat odor.
  • Warm rooms are more often attacked by moths than cool rooms. Always keep your wardrobe cool and dry.
  • Fly screens in front of the opened window provide a first protection. Adult moths can not enter the room.

If clothes moths have spread once, then the fight can last up to 18 weeks. Parasitic wasps bred as beneficials can accelerate the expulsion of clothes moths. Moth paper and scented sachets help to prevent it.


Worth knowing about the food moth soon

Often, the food is already infected at the time of purchase - or they come through the window when airing. Food moths like flour, nuts, rice, grains, pasta, cocoa, semolina, so all dry food. As with the clothing moth, infestation with food moths can be prevented by careful and clean storage of the food. Special note is:

  • do not store large quantities of food.
  • do not exceed the expiration date.
  • Store food in sealed plastic or glass containers.

If the food moth has taken root, which is recognized by the white webs, all infested food must be disposed of immediately. The cabinet should be washed out with vinegar water and then, to kill the larvae, dried well with a hot hair dryer in all cracks. Very effective are the commercially available "pheromone traps". The attractant contained therein is irresistible to the pests, they stick to the tape and die.


The garden also lurks many pests such as the aphid, the vole, the mole, snails and ants. Inform yourself Garden-Landscape.com about pest control around the house.

Video Board: How to Protect Against Clothes Moths.

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