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The mountain palm (Chamaedorea) comes from Central America and occurs in about 120 species. The most commonly kept as Zimmerplame species is the Chamaedorea elegans. Mountain palms grow very slowly, can grow very old and barely grow larger than 1 m. The mountain palm is one of the few palm trees that also flowers as a houseplant. However, it usually does not develop fruits, as male and female flowers sit on different plants.
The mountain palm loves a bright, sunny to partially shaded place, but does not tolerate direct midday sun. In winter she should be able to take a break. For this purpose, a place is suitable whose temperature does not drop permanently below 12° C. The winter quarters should not be too dark, otherwise the leaves turn yellow. The mountain palm likes a higher humidity. Therefore you should spray them with water from time to time.
Planting and repotting
The mountain palm is best planted in a mixture of compost and peat. You rarely have to repot them when the roots fill the entire planter. It should be careful with the roots, they break easily.
Watering and fertilizing
From spring to autumn the mountain palm needs a lot of water. It should be poured so that the soil is moist. The mountain palm is one of the few plants where water may remain quiet in the coaster. During hibernation, it is only moderately poured, so that the earth is just damp. The upper layer of earth is allowed to dry off in between. The mountain palm only gets some liquid fertilizer in moderate concentration once a month from spring to autumn.
Theoretically, one could pull the mountain palm out of seeds. But since it is hardly possible to get these seeds (it does not produce fruit as a houseplant), only the propagation by cuttings remains. For this purpose, one separates side shoots at the foot of the mountain palm and pulls them in special cultivation soil.
Is the mountain palm poisonous?
Many websites claim that the flowers or the leaves of the mountain palm are poisonous. They should contain saponins, which can cause stomach and intestinal problems after consumption. According to the toxic plant database of the Institute of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology of the University of Zurich, this is not the case. The mountain palm is listed there as a non-toxic room and balcony plant. As a precaution, parents of small children and owners of pets may want to make sure that the plant is not "nibbled".
- If the humidity is too low, the tips of the palm fronds will turn brown. By gelgentliches spraying the plant with water can be remedied here.
- If the humidity is too low, an infection with the "red spider" = spider mites can occur. Then the leaves turn yellow and on their undersides there are delicate webs. For controlling, a special plant protection agent is used.
- If the location of the mountain palm is too cool, the leaves turn yellow, then brown. The plant should then get another location.
- In an unfavorable location, it can also come to infestation with scale insects. A lice infestation can be recognized by sticky spots on the leaves. The control of the scale insects is difficult and tedious. At a low infestation you can try to scrape it with alcohol. Otherwise, there are systemic agents that are offered as chopsticks or granules. The chopsticks are hacked into the soil, the granules scattered on the ground and lightly incorporated. The problem is that these funds usually also contain fertilizer. This can quickly lead to over-fertilization of the plant. Oil-containing sprays are not recommended for the thin leaves of the mountain palm. The oil sticks to the leaf pores and leads to leaf loss. In large-scale application, the plant can die from it.
- Height 90 - 240cm
- Width 60 - 120cm
- Temperature 16-24° C
- Lights shadows
- Palm tree
Chamaedorea elegans - The well-known mountain palm - with a short green trunk and medium green, overhanging leaves, which are 45 - 60cm long and divided into up to 30 segments, grows slowly to 90cm height and 60cm width.
Chamaedorea hump, up to 240cm high and 120cm wide, drives a clump of green, bamboo-like stems with overhanging dark green leaves. These reach a length of up to 50cm and are divided into up to 20 narrow, egg-shaped segments.
Chamaedorea seifrizii Will not exceed 120cm high and 90cm wide.A bush of tube-like stems is crowned by filigree leaves that can grow up to 90cm long and are divided into up to 30 narrow, dark blue-green segments.