The Content Of The Article:
- Water the mountain palm properly
- Humidity desired
- Fertilize the mountain palm properly
- Some types of mountain palms in the portrait
- Do mountain palms have to be cut?
- Overwinter mountain palms - that's what matters
The mountain palm is one of the most popular indoor plants. No wonder, because they are undemanding and easy to care for. Nevertheless, there are some things to keep in mind in order to give the exotic the most important requirements.
Mountain palms also fulfill practical functions in their original homeland. For example, the palm leaves are used for roofing. As the most common room palm, the strengths of Chamaedorea elegans are their robustness. The palm trees are considered popular beginner plants and can reach heights between one and two meters in room culture. The plants make little demands and override even one or the other care mistake.
If you want to bring exotic charm into your home, the following care instructions will help you.
Water the mountain palm properly
The water requirement of the mountain palms is high. This is not least clear from the fact that the plants in their natural range extend their roots down to the groundwater.
" Tip: With hydroponic culture or an irrigation system, the water requirement of the plant can be optimally met.
The need for water increases with the temperatures. In summer, you should water the mountain palm so abundantly. The mountain palms also forgive a brief soaking of the root ball. The plant will use up the water quickly and therefore it does not cause the roots to rot. Waterlogging, that is a permanent moisture of the root ball, is also not tolerated by the mountain palm.
Most palm trees do not like calcareous water and should therefore be watered with rain rather than tap water. The mountain palm is an exception here. The plants prefer slightly alkaline soils and therefore have no problems with calcareous water.
To meet the high moisture requirements of the mountain palm, you can place the plant now and then in a coaster with water, so that the root ball can soak.
Ball dryness should be avoided. In winter, less water is poured. In summer, the plant also likes to take a shower, especially if the palm is outdoors, it should be sprayed with water from time to time.
The mountain palm is a very tolerant palm species and is usually satisfied even with low humidity. If the air is permanently too dry, you will see this from browning of the leaf tips. Spray the mountain palm regularly with room-warm water.
" Tip: To spray the mountain palm, tap water should not be used. Although the plant tolerates otherwise calcareous water, lime leaves stains on the leaves.
Fertilize the mountain palm properly
The nutrient requirement of the mountain palm is rather moderate. If compost is mixed under the substrate during planting, the plants are well supplied with nutrients. For nutrient-poor substrates, it may be helpful to supplement with a rather weakly concentrated liquid fertilizer during the growing period, approximately monthly. In winter there is no fertilizer. The plants decay into a resting phase and do not absorb any nutrients.
Some types of mountain palms in the portrait
The small mountain palms for the living room are not alone. The genus Chamaedorea includes more than 120 species. Mountain palms are originally growing in the mountainous areas of Mexico. There they can reach heights of growth of up to five meters. Mountain palms in the living room will usually barely grow over a meter high. The yellow, round flowers surprise the plant friend already from the second year.
❍ Chamaedorea elegant
This is probably the most popular and in our latitudes as a houseplant widespread mountain palms species. The mountain palms have a rather short trunk and slightly curved leaves, which grow about 50 centimeters long.
❍ Chamaedorea graminifolia
This mountain palm species is native to Guatemala. The petite, up to almost one meter long pinnate leaves are the hallmark of this palm species. The blue-green leaves appear from thin tubes, which grow bushy. Cultivated as an ornamental plant, this mountain palm reaches a height of about 1.3 meters.
❍ Chamaedorea eurumpens
This mountain palm is just over two meters high and has bamboo-like stems. The rich green leaves hang over easily and can be up to 50 centimeters long.
Do mountain palms have to be cut?
Mountain palms need no cutting measures. Only brown and withered fronds are removed. Since the mountain palm tree grows only a maximum of two meters in room culture, no pruning is required.
Overwinter mountain palms - that's what matters
From about October, the mountain palm will take a break. From this point on, the plants are less watered and no longer fertilized. The root ball should no longer appear dripping wet. Allow the soil to dry slightly before watering again. A bright winter location is necessary.The temperatures should be around 15 degrees.
" Tip: If the mountain palm remains in the overheated living room over the winter, there is an increased risk of pest infestation. Dry heating air damages the plant. If no other parking space can be found, if possible spray daily with room-warm water.
Mountain palms are not hardy and therefore unsuitable for outdoor cultivation. If the plant was allowed to spend the summer on the balcony or terrace, the timely removal to the winter quarters must not be missed. If the temperatures are permanently below ten degrees, mountain palms have to move into the house.