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Many legends surround the bridal myrtle. The Mediterranean plant adorned the saga of Aphrodite and was also extremely popular with the ancient Egyptian women as an ornament. In our latitudes, the myrtle was one of the classic ornamental and useful plants for centuries. What was once used as a traditional wedding jewelry has not been forgotten thanks to passionate hobby gardeners. However, the evergreen wood is only partially suitable for beginners. Because the plant is extremely demanding and is sensitive to changes.
The Mediterranean form-wood prefers a full sun, which should be weather-protected. These requirements can be met, for example, in the immediate vicinity of the house or on a covered terrace. Shady places not only harm the external appearance of Myrtus communis, but also promote susceptibility to disease. A warm and bright location in the winter garden is gladly accepted by the plant all year round. If the requirements and needs of the plant are optimally fulfilled, the evergreen wood can reach a height of more than 2 meters. The soil should be rich in humus and low in lime. Mix conventional potting soil with humus. It is also important that the substrate is permeable and excess irrigation water can flow away quickly from the plant roots. You can do this, for example, by mixing a handful of small pebbles under the ground. These add no damage to the wood itself, but ensure a uniform loosening of the soil. If you can not make friends with this method, you will also receive special earth, which is mixed with expanded clay in the trade.
Location and substrate
Pouring and fertilizing
- Apply a thick layer of bark mulch under the wood.
- Soil-covering plants prevent the soil from drying too quickly.
- Enhance sandy soil with loam.
You can easily apply all of these tips to potted plants, provided that the planter is sufficiently large. As myrtle in our latitudes can almost only be cultivated in a pot, you should additionally apply a layer of lava chips or pottery shards to the bottom of the bucket. This drainage prevents standing wetness. Casting takes place as soon as the top substrate layer feels noticeably dry. Do not neglect the plant even in winter and regularly check the soil. Bridal myrtles can not tolerate calcareous water. The calcium content settles in the roots and slows down the absorption of the valuable liquid. You can safely water it with rainwater. The supply of nutrients plays a rather subordinate role in the care of the Mediterranean plant. Nevertheless, you promote the flower power of the form shrubs with the right dosage. The fertilization takes place between March and August, optionally you can fall back on a long-term or liquid fertilizer. Here is the rule of thumb: less is more. Even if potted plants quickly suffer from nutrient deficiencies, so you should not overdose the artificial fertilizers.
Tip: Many problems with the woodland occur through irregular and incorrect casting. Leaf loss can be the first sign of stagnant wetness or dryness.
About every 2 to 3 years or when the bucket is completely rooted, you should treat the evergreen grove to a larger planter. However, a critical moment for this action is directly during the formation of new buds. Leaf loss or a complete absence of the next bloom could be the result. Therefore, transplant the plant in late summer, even before the trees are relocated to winter quarters. First clean the myrtle generously from the old soil, while at the same time removing caring and dead root pieces.
- The new bucket should be at least 4 inches larger than the old one.
- Again, a drainage of porous material must be created.
- Apply a thick layer of substrate between drainage and roots.
- Plant and fill cavities with soil.
- Cast heavily.
- Cut the cuttings to 10 to 15 centimeters.
- Except for the top three pairs of leaves defoliate the shoot.
- Put the cuttings in a lean substrate.
- Keep the soil evenly moist.
- Location must be bright and warm.
Older shoots of bridal myrtle are prone to disbursement. These branches can be severely cut back in the spring with a pair of scissors or a sharp knife. The disadvantage of the action: The flower buds develop already in the fall, so when pruning, the flower may fail or be less. Sick and dead plant parts can be removed all year round. You can also use the slightly woody shoots that grow when cutting to propagate the popular ornamental plant.
The plant with the dark green, egg-shaped leaves is extremely sensitive to frost. The original home of the bridal myrtle is in the Mediterranean. At the end of September at the latest, when the outside temperatures fall below 5° C, you should immediately move the trees into a bright, cool room. Avoid direct proximity to active radiators. If you want to re-plant the plant in the garden the following year, temperatures between 5 - 10° C are ideal for winter storage. Another important care measure in winter is the regular supply of water. Do not expose the plant to late frost in spring either. Because the cold temperatures set especially newly formed shoots and leaves. Especially with large specimens of Myrtus communis, however, a temporary change of the planter can make the hobby gardener a difficult challenge. In such a case, you can also resort to a trick: Cover the entire plant with a light fleece.
Only a few decades ago, the myrtle bush was to be found in almost every garden and was not lacking as a decorative accessory at any traditional wedding. Although the popularity of the Mediterranean bridal myrtle has risen again for several years, the plant is only partially suitable for gardeners. The care requirements are high, the form shrubs with leaf shedding reacts to the slightest mistake. However, if you succeed in this challenge, it will thank you for the evergreen plant with a dark green, lush foliage and a fascinating flower.