The Content Of The Article:
- Pour the Nashi pear properly
- This is how you fertilize properly
- Cut Nashi pear
- Detecting diseases and pests in the Nashi pear
- What should be considered when hibernating the Nashi pear?
Nashi pears are small, sweet and tasty. However, proper care is essential for a rich harvest.
While the native pear is missing in hardly any orchard, the Nashi pear is still there a true exotic. At the same time, the vigorous and robust Asian pear can be easily cultivated and, with appropriate care, can consistently expect high yields. Under the usually thin shell of the small, spherical fruits hides a juicy and aromatic flesh. The taste of the small vitamin bombs is reminiscent of pears, apples and melons.
Asian pears taste raw and can also be used to make jams or to make fruit pies. If you would like to get these small exotics in the orchard, here you will learn everything worth knowing about the care of the apple pear.
Pour the Nashi pear properly
Nashi pears are quite robust and do not need to be irrigated on an ongoing basis. During the growing season, water and nutrient requirements are usually higher. In order for strong fruits to develop, the Nashi pear should be watered regularly, especially during prolonged periods of drought. Rainwater can preferably be used for this purpose. Tap water is less suitable because it often contains too much lime.
" Tip: During the cold season, the Asian pear drops its leaves and requires very little water.
- Irrigation during dry phases advisable
- water regularly during the growing season
- Soil should not dry out
- preferably use rainwater
This is how you fertilize properly
It is generally not necessary to fertilize the Nashi pear regularly. If the trees are planted in the field, the hobby gardener can by a loosening of the soil and the addition of compost or horn shavings correspond to the nutrient requirements of the plants. During flowering, fertilizer can help increase crop yields. Liquid fertilizer is easy to dose. Watch out for an overdose that could harm the plant. By August at the latest, no more fertilizers are to be administered, then the plant prepares for hibernation. If fertilization continues, the new shoots could not develop sufficiently until winter and frost damage would occur.
- Enrich potting soil with organic fertilizer
- use fertilizer sparingly during the growth phase
- Complete fertilization from late summer
Cut Nashi pear
To care for the apple pear include various cutting measures, which will now be explained in detail.
❍ Pruning for higher yields
A regular pruning is necessary so that the inflorescences can develop well and nothing stands in the way of a rich harvest. Young plants are being cut in their first year. For this purpose, all fresh shoots are shortened up to a length of about one meter. In older plants, all shoots should be shortened by about half each year. This promotes the re-emergence and flowering. Recesses can be done in spring and autumn.
❍ Care cut for the regular beauty treatment
So that the tree keeps its shape and remains an eye-catcher in the orchard, they should now and then grab the scissors and cut long and drooping shoots.
" Tip: Remove the fruits as well, they are very small anyway and taste less sweet.
A care cut can be done all year round. Nashi pears tolerate cutbacks without problems. With a care cut you not only ensure an attractive appearance of the plants, the goal should also be to give the inflorescences as much sun as possible.
❍ Shape cut for the special look
Tree is not the same tree. Also, the Nashi pear can be turned into a special eye-catcher when you start the scissors. If the shape-cutting is to be aimed for, the cut can already be started in the first year of production. Popular forms are the hollow crown or the pyramid.
Detecting diseases and pests in the Nashi pear
Also concerning the infestation with pests and the occurrence of illnesses, parallels to the domestic pear fruit can be recognized. However, the Nashi pear is far more robust than our common pears in the orchard.
Diseases can occasionally occur:
- Pear rust
- fire blight
At pest infestation was observed:
❍ pear grid
The fear goes around in the orchard, when the wind in spring brings the fungal spores from the frequently infested juniper and drains onto the leaves of the pear trees. An infestation is indicated by reddish spots on the leaves.Later, the fungus works its way through the entire leaf and leaves the leaves untreated. On the apple pear infestation is difficult to determine. The robust Asians seem to be almost immune to pear grid rust.
❍ fruit tree cancer
Less robust, the Nashi pear proves against the fruit tree cancer. An appearance of the fungus shows up first in the form of a brownish discolored and dry tree bark. Round reddish spore deposits can still be seen on the trunk. Endangered are especially younger plants whose trunk is not yet formed strong enough. If the tree crab is noticed, all affected parts of the plant are generous cut back.
Tree crab is considered aggressive and can only be controlled using chemical pesticides.
" Tip: Affected parts of the plant that have been cut off must not be disposed of through the compost, as the fungus can spread there.
❍ fire blight
Fire blight is a bacterial disease commonly found on pear trees. First, the leaves and flowers wither, later they take on a black-brown color and appear as if burned. Young plants are also particularly endangered here and untreated, the Nashi pear comes in after about three weeks completely. If older plants are affected, they can survive for several years. If a fire blast is noticed, you should react quickly and cut back all affected parts of the plant generously and down to healthy wood.
❍ Pest attack with the Nashi pear
Even a pest infestation occurs in the Asia pear extremely rare. An infestation was observed with the pear gallbladder. This lays its eggs on the fruit and the maggots of the Gallmücke feed on the pulp. Affected fruits are to be disposed of.
On the shoot tips it has apart from the Pirnblattsauger. Oviposition takes place directly in the shoot tips. The larvae are excreted in a pea that reminds them of honey. This forms the basis for fungal diseases. If you notice an infestation, all affected shoots should be generously cut back and burned or disposed of with household waste.
What should be considered when hibernating the Nashi pear?
Although Nashi pears have an exotic name, they are almost perfectly adapted to our climate. Trees cultivated outdoors can not stand up to severe frosts of -20 degrees Celsius. No winter protection is needed.
Restrictions are to be made on young plants. The sensitive root system can be protected in the first few years by a mulch layer. In the Kübel attitude, the roots prove to be less robust and are more vulnerable. It is advisable to cover the ground with leaves or brushwood, place the bucket on a wooden or styrofoam bed and assign the container plant a protected location, for example, on a house wall.