The Content Of The Article:
- Which varieties can be grown?
- Determine the suitable location
- Select the appropriate substrate
- Plant the Nashi pear - step by step
- Pour enough Nashi pear
- The Nashi pear in the tub
- Repot the apple pear
- Planting Nashi pears in the orchard - the pros and cons
- Pears need company
Nashi pears are now extremely popular. Although the plant with the apple-like fruits is very robust, there are still some things to consider when planting so that you can expect a rich harvest later on.
The Nashi pear belongs to the genus of pears and has quite a bit in common with the local cultivated fruit. Nashi stands for the Japanese name for pear. The trees, which grow up to 15 meters tall, are originally from China. For about fifty years, the apple pear has also been cultivated in Europe. The Japanese pear proves to be a robust plant that copes well with our climatic conditions.
To enjoy the aromatic fruits in the local orchard, you must pay a lot of attention to growing the Nashi pear.
Which varieties can be grown?
At first glance, they look almost the same, small round and with a smooth or rough shell. Therefore, the biodiversity of the Nashi pear may surprise you. In Japan, the apple pear is cultivated over a large area and is found there alone in more than 1,000 varieties.
Some varieties that are suitable for cultivation in the home garden, here's an overview:
This type of apple pear has its origins in Korea. The small, golden yellow fruits are sweet and particularly juicy. The harvest time amounts to the months of July and August. With a height of three to four meters, Nashi Tama is also suitable for smaller gardens. The plants love a warm and sheltered location and are considered hardy.
This Nashi Tama very similar variety also comes from Korea. The fruits are small and especially tasty with their honey flavor. These apple pears also find space in smaller orchards due to their low growth height. Insensitive and frost hardy, Nashi Hayatama is a popular beginner plant.
❍ Nashi Shinseiki
In Japan, this Asian apple pear is home. The fruits are reminiscent of apples and appear crisp and firm. The thin and smooth shell is also suitable for consumption. Can be harvested around the middle of September. Nashi Shinseiki regularly delivers high yields. The fruits are well stored and can be left on the tree for a long time.
❍ Nashi Mischiratz
A late harvest is yours with Nashi Mischiratz in the house. Can be harvested October to November. The spindle-shaped fruits are quite large and have a sweet and juicy flesh. With a stature height of up to six meters, this variety is also well suited for the orchard. Regular cutbacks are recommended for the fast growing Nashi Mischiratz.
Determine the suitable location
The Nashi pear may seem exotic, but its cultivation has much in common with the domestic pear. The quality and taste of the fruits are highly dependent on the right choice of location. The best yields can be achieved if the site is chosen sunny and protected. Young plants should be protected from late frosts.
" Tip: Late frosts could be dangerous to the early flowering of the Nashi pear.
An ideal location is, for example, the south wall of a house, where the plants look good as trellis trees.
Select the appropriate substrate
The plants preferably grow in a deep soil. This requires the preparation of the later location. The soil is not only to relax, but also to enrich with nutrients. Here compost and clay have proven themselves.
As the Nashi pears do not tolerate waterlogging, it is advisable to provide the floor with drainage of clay or gravel and to mulch the soil regularly. If you have the opportunity to do a soil analysis, this is a good way to create the ideal soil conditions. For the apple pear, a pH of five to six is considered ideal.
" Danger: The Nashi pear does not tolerate calcareous soil.
Plant the Nashi pear - step by step
❶ best planting time - spring
Auswählen Select location
Vorbereit Prepare the floor
Aus Lift planting hole twice the width of root ball
Ein Maintain distance to neighboring trees
Einsetzen Insert plant
❼ Reconstitution should protrude ten centimeters from the ground
Schließen Close the planting hole
Ein Insert pile to stabilize the tree
Pour enough Nashi pear
Nashi pears can be planted in spring or late autumn. This should be done on dry and frosty days. The soil should be loosened up, cleared of stones and weeds and enriched with compost or manure. Drainage of clay or gravel supports the permeability of the soil and helps to prevent waterlogging.
The Nashi pear in the tub
Some Nashi pears are also suitable for keeping in the tub.The pillared fruit can be found on every balcony and is a popular alternative if there is no garden and you still do not want to miss a rich fruit harvest. Container plants are more sensitive than cultivated Nashi pears in the field. In order to avoid damaging the sensitive roots, young plants need winter protection. Since the nutrient requirement is also higher than in outdoor plants, regular fertilization should not be waived.
Repot the apple pear
About every two to three years, it's time to replant the Nashi pear. The best time for this is spring. The plants should get a bigger planter. It is also important to completely replace the substrate, as the nutrients contained consume very quickly.
Planting Nashi pears in the orchard - the pros and cons
|+ Nashi pears are exotic plants that can easily be cultivated.|
+ The plants are robust, are rarely affected by diseases and get through the winter well.
+ Asian pears deliver high yields.
|- If it is not self-fertile species, a second pear tree in the immediate vicinity is needed.|
- Nashi pears need to be cut regularly.
Pears need company
When buying the Nashi pear should be paid attention to whether it is a self-fertile variety. If this is the case, you do not have to plant a second tree if you are dreaming of a rich apple pear harvest. Non-self-fertile trees should be planted in the neighborhood of a pear tree. It does not necessarily have to be another Nashi pear, even traditional pear varieties, such as Williams-Christ, are very suitable as a pollinator.