Native deciduous shrubs for the garden

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At each deciduous tree can watch the change of seasons wonderfully, which is why one finds many different deciduous trees in many German gardens. They not only shape the face of the garden, but also provide space to set up shady spots.
Popular deciduous shrubs for the garden
Witch hazel, which opens its flowers in winter, is especially popular here. Furthermore, one often finds the forsythia, which in the spring with their yellow flowers increase the anticipation of the summer. Shortly after the heyday of the forsythia you see blooming magnolias everywhere, which provide a pleasant shade in summer. In terms of color, magnolias are the most beautiful in autumn. Maples, the Amberbaum and Pfaffenh├╝tchen are especially beautiful in autumn.
However, not all hardwoods are subject to seasonal fluctuations, because there are also many plants that are green all year round, such as holly and cherry laurel. The broom is also very popular, keeping its foliage into spring.
Furthermore, there are deciduous shrubs, which are especially by their flowers to a visual treat, while others in turn wear beautiful leaves or even impressed their growth habit. One must also consider the scent of the woods, which can not be more different. Hardwoods are popular because they are very durable and make the face of the garden stronger than any other plant. Therefore, it is also important when planning a garden to place the hardwoods in the right places:

  • You can use them as solitary trees or as ground cover.
  • Very often you can find deciduous trees as hedges or as undergrowth.
Due to the rich offer of local deciduous trees, you can let your design ideas run wild. However, one should be familiar with the soil and climatic conditions at the site, because the deciduous shrubs sometimes have their own claims. Because only then do you have many long years friends at his garden.
Most common representative of native deciduous shrubs
The most common deciduous shrubs found in German gardens are:
  • the black or red,
  • the sycamore,
  • the native rock pear,
  • the boxwood,
  • the hazelnut tree,
  • the beech
  • as well as the common ash
  • and the common ivy.
Very often one also finds the garden holly, the aspen poplar as well as the bird cherry. All deciduous shrubs can be found in the garden department of a well-stocked hardware store or in a garden center. In the latter you get the expert advice, which can be very valuable. Furthermore, you can also order a lot of deciduous trees on the internet. Again, the information content is very versatile and valuable.
Tree or shrub?
Above it was sometimes spoken of deciduous trees or deciduous trees, then again of deciduous trees, and then even names appear that are more familiar from the ornamentally individually standing in the garden shrubs or hedges. What is a tree and what a deciduous tree, and what is the difference to the plants that are commonly called shrubs?
Well, that definition is just so complicated that all the terms above are valid. The difference between tree and shrub is by no means sharp, but is made by the biologists, so to speak, "by circumstantial evidence":
  • The main difference is that a tree grows mainly in the crown area, a shrub on the other hand always produces new woods from the rootstock.
  • Accordingly, we refer to woody plants as "tree", which become quite tall, begin at a certain height with the branching and carry their foliage, especially in the treetop.
However, this rule is not completely enforced: the poplar drives z. B. typically from the ground, so it is actually a "poplar shrub". The (fairly arbitrary) border between tree and shrub is set between 5 and 10 meters in height (but hazel "shrubs" are often higher than cherry "trees" and some trees really do not grow very high at the tree line in the mountains). Not a few hardwoods can do both, they grow as often as a tree as a shrub, z. B. elder, juniper and the already mentioned hazelnut. Humans can not only "tear down trees" and "plant trees", but also "form trees" by forcing the plant through rooting.
  • Woody plants are all, however, because a plant is always called "woody" if its branches are lignified, ie store the biopolymer lignin in their cell walls and become firmer.
  • It is also characteristic of the hardwoods that they are several to many years old (except trees and shrubs, there is only a perennial species of plants, the perennials).
  • Deciduous trees are then the woody plants, the leaves and no needles form, in contrast to the conifers (the needles are in fact just just leaves, just "needle leaves").
Native deciduous trees - ecologically the best choice
Native groves are a must-have in our gardens, although for a time their aesthetics seemed to fade behind the modern appeal of exotic imports and their environmental value was not considered as important. Today, you once again appreciate the once-familiar trees and shrubs, a plant that feels right at home in its habitat, looks better in the long run than a sterile exotic, stunted, if only once he does not get the tremendous extra care that he needs in a foreign climate.
Their ecological importance has even increased: in times when many gardens are made up of faceless hybrid breeds and more and more people live in an environment where the surrounding greenery is subject to human design, the ancient plants are vital to the surrounding wildlife, If we do not want to be the only species on this earth at some point, we need to provide our fellow creatures with a livelihood, shelter, breeding grounds and food sources, and that's what we do when we choose woody plants that are native to a region.
It is true that some "clever birds" also attack non-native woody species, but other animals are "more timid", and if we want to maintain the existing diversity we need native trees and shrubs in the garden, each one forming a whole small one ecosystem.
Local deciduous trees at a glance
And it's not that there is not enough choice of native deciduous trees. Here is a small overview of what belongs here and the deciduous tree can be (many of them also the shrub or hedge): maple, acacia, sycamore maple, birch, beech, beech, mountain ash, oak, dewberry, alder, ash, aspen (Aspenwood), sweet chestnut, field elm, common elm, gray alder, green alder, hornbeam, chestnut, cork oak, mulberry, moor birch, whitetail, palm maple, sycamore, plum oak, robinia, beech, red oak, sand birch, umbrella acacia, black alder, blackwood acacia, silver acacia, Norway maple, pedunculate oak, bird cherry, grape oak, elm, rowan, walnut, willow, wild cherry, Turkey oak, and then there are our many fruit trees.
If we move in the direction of the deciduous shrubs, which are more commonly grown as shrubs, there is still a lot of choice:
  • Barberry, bladder bush, blackberry, boxwood,
  • Buckthorn, Rock pear, Lilac,
  • Common Snowball, Laburnum,
  • Dogwood, hazelnut, honeysuckle, raspberries, elderberry,
  • Currants, buckthorn, cornelian cherry, medlar,
  • Sea-buckthorn, spindle-shrub, holly and hawthorn.
Here, too, only a few have been listed, there are still many other native hardwoods, certainly the right one for every garden design. By the way, with the above forsythia, be careful when shopping if you really want to get a native woodland: there is a European forsythia (which, however, is native to southeastern Europe and loves a corresponding heat), but the foreshortening commonly offered in the garden center is a hybrid of two Asian species, which is ecologically rather critical, because our insects and birds usually avoid them.
In general, delineation is not always easy. In the first section above, some species have been mentioned that are often seen in gardens and are already so familiar that they are often considered indigenous plants. If you want to be sure about the environmental benefits of a deciduous tree, you can either buy an old trusted variety or ask how long a woodland is already naturalized and how many insects, etc. it provides food (but then you would have in a specialist shopping with well-trained staff).

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