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To realize a natural garden you really only need patience! Regardless of whether a wild garden is to be newly created or an already grown-up garden is to be changed - it is precisely that which subsequently seems so natural that does not emerge overnight. A natural garden changes again and again and often it takes a long time to reach the right, harmonious balance between nature and the gardener's nursing interventions.
So that children can continue to have a lawn for romping, only a small part of the garden will be transformed into a romantic, but sensitive flower meadow. And you can not leave a garden pond to yourself until most of the year, when plants, animals and microorganisms have the algae growth under control. Anyone who already has in mind the natural ecosystem of the meadows and waters of the surrounding area will quickly reach their goal - harmonious plant growth with low maintenance requirements.
A natural garden, however, always remains a place of change: plants that dominate in one year can almost disappear in the next one. Others flower faithfully and reliably, but never in the same place. But just in this constant change is the attraction. Owners of these gardens will experience that they spend more and more time watching the exciting life in the meadow, in the wildflowers or on the edge of the wood. Take a close look, then intervene - this should make you a labor-saving rule, because mullein, musk mallow, widow's flower and milk thistle do not go beyond the juvenile stage and fall prey to the zealous hoe.
Nothing speaks against helping nature a bit and buying up wildflower seeds or young plants. When selecting one should not only be based on their ecological value and personal preferences, but primarily based on the conditions of the site. Otherwise, many species disappear again and the joy is short lived.
Many animals find valuable habitat in a so-called deadwood heap
Design natural gardens
If a natural garden is newly created, the leitmotiv of the design is: "Diversity is trumps". Because a varied garden with numerous plant species is particularly attractive for animals - and an exciting observation area for nature lovers. Instead of planting a uniform hedge of Thuja at the boundary of the property, deciduous trees such as viburnum (Viburnum opulus), privet (Ligustrum vulgare), honeysuckle (Lonicera xylosteum) and rock pear (Amelanchier) are used as mixed hedge. These species bloom in the spring and later produce berries, which benefit mainly birds. If the garden surface is not sufficient to cover a wide range of woodland along the entire border, a hedge, for example from field maple (Acer campestre), can also be combined with groups of flowering shrubs.
Lizards like to hide in the open joints of a drywall
Dry walls divide the garden or catch height differences. Since the joints between the piled up natural stones are not mortared, lizards can find shelter in them. Part of the joints can also be planted with upholstery. Also water exerts on animals a great attraction and should therefore not be missing in any natural garden. The pond does not have to be very big to attract dragonflies. Flat spots on the pond invite birds to take a refreshing bath on hot summer days. A sloping wooden board in the water ensures that ponds and pools are not the hedgehog trap.
Animals in the natural garden
To attract animals, you do not have to change so much in an existing garden: In addition to the lack of chemical pesticides are already sufficient a few "untidy" corners. For if wild plants like Giersch, nettle and Günsel are allowed to spread undisturbed and stacks of deadwood or small piles of stones find a place, attracting a number of species are created, which are increasingly finding food and hiding places there. Even those who plant nectar dispensers such as the fragrance nettle (Agastache), the red sunhat (Echinacea), the girl's eye (Verticillata) and the finch (Liatris) in a sunny bed attract bees, bumblebees and hoverflies.
Butterflies like this lemon butterflies love the nectar-rich flowers of the summer lilac
Not to be missed is a pond, on the banks of which moisture-loving plants and animals such as frogs, newts and dragonflies settle. Holes are populated by insects, and small pests such as hedgehogs, lizards, dormice or slow-moving crawlers hide in rice piles. Color in the garden bring colorful butterflies, which are especially pleased about the nectar-rich flowers of the butterfly bush (Buddleja)
Plants for the natural garden
Perennial beds can also be planted in natural gardens according to flowering times and flower colors. However, the flower beds do not retain their natural charm until as little intervention as possible in their development. It may happen that low-growing perennials are displaced or settle for Self Seeding tending species such as columbines and thimble vacant spots. Robust wild perennials are preferred for plant selection: beauties for sunny beds are spur-flower, mullein and meadow cranesbill (Geranium pratense), for shady garden areas Waldsteinie, Solomonssiegel and Eisenhut are recommended.
Magnificent ornamental shrubs are only useful as a supplement if they can cope with the site conditions without great care. After all, intensive care not only makes work, but also contradicts the idea of the natural garden.
If you let him, including the thimble out. The insect hotel is home to numerous creepy-crawlies
Attractive trees for near-natural gardens are the Speierling (Sorbus domestica), Grape Cherry (Prunus padus) and Sal Willow (Salix caprea). Suitable shrubs are ordinary rock pear (Amelanchier ovalis), red honeysuckle (Lonicera xylosteum) and sourthorn (Berberis vulgaris). You do not have to do without non-native trees and shrubs in the new natural garden. The summer lilac, for example, is originally from China, but is also one of the most popular butterfly shrubs here and is an asset to any garden.
Flowering meadows are an indispensable part of natural gardens, as they form a veritable sea of flowers and provide a living space for wild bees and butterflies. In contrast to lawns, flowering meadows provide smooth transitions in the garden and only need to be mowed once or twice a year. In order for them to flower reliably over many years, it is important to consider the location conditions. Specialist seed mixtures are available depending on the nutrient content and moisture of the soil.