The Content Of The Article:
Your own herbs in the garden or on the balcony are an essential part of a diet, which should again contain more natural and unprocessed ingredients. In addition to the health aspect, the gain in taste is a motivation to grow your own herbs.
Against this background, many hobby gardeners refuse to supply their herbs with artificial fertilizer. And this aversion is probably justified: indeed, the basic chemical components of a synthetic fertilizer are the same as those provided by natural (organic) fertilization.
In the synthetic fertilizer, however, they are prepared so that the plant can access them immediately, which quickly leads to over-fertilization. In the organic fertilizer, it is the bacteria and other soil organisms that first have to process the nutrients in such a way that they can be absorbed by the plant. Gourmets claim that this type of fertilization is also noticeable in terms of taste.
The fertilizer as food of the herbs
To put together a good herbal fertilizer, one would first have to know how herbs like to be fed. As with all plants, the basic food consists of some substances that are absorbed from the air and some indispensable basic elements that the plants have to absorb via the roots.
The most important basic elements are nitrogen and potassium, which the herbs need for vigorous growth and generally correct formation of the organism. In the case of flowering plants, there would be a strong shot of phosphorus, which a plant needs for flower and fruit formation, but which is not so important in herbs, since it is more a matter of copious leaf formation. The whole thing is garnished with small amounts of minerals and trace elements.
If you want to add all of these substances to your herbs without resorting to premixes or going under the chemistry lab technicians, you would have to look for natural material that contains these substances in good mix.
Firm herbal fertilizer
Most herbs tend to have leaner soils, and the usual fertilizer over the soil, by preparing the plants a nice heavy humus soil, would even be rather counterproductive. The right soil preparation for the herbs makes the soil rather nutrient-poor: Under too heavy soils, coarse sand or small fragments of bricks should be mixed, which then bring even the lime, which like most herbs.
When placed in the garden from the seed pot or purchased pot, the herbs are allowed to rest for another week or two, trying to root well (if necessary, they will get water).
When that's done, they get a nutritional boost so they can grow so nicely. You can squeeze a well rotted compost and add the herbs to the beds. It contains the main nutrients phosphate, potassium and magnesium and the trace elements usually in sufficient quantity.
Only nitrogen is in a compost, which consists mainly of vegetable waste, a little too little available. The nitrogen can be introduced by horn chips or horn meal, or composted animal manure on the ground. However, in the overall fertilizer supply of herbs, the well-known principle of "less is more" is one of its main applications - most garden soils contain too many nutrients, not too few.
If you want to grow herbs in quantity and seriously want to know which fertilizer is the best, then you would first have to find out how the nutrient content in your garden soil actually. You would need to have your soil examined - for herbs usually the investigation of the top soil layer of about 30 cm is sufficient. The soil samples can be examined by various government agencies. Your local plant protection office can tell you where the nearest inspection site is in your area. The examination of the main nutrients and the pH usually costs less than 15 euros.
When it comes down to feeling when fertilizing, organic fertilizers have at least the advantage that they act slowly, while an artificial mineral fertilizer adjusted to immediate availability also immediately damages overfertilization.
Liquid herbal fertilizers
A slurry of green plant matter is a liquid fertilizer that provides the plants all the necessary nutrients in good distribution, even nitrogen is enough contained. To make a manure slurry, mix the green plants that are available in your area. That can z. B.Stinging nettles, you can actually use all the herbs and wild herbs that can be given in large quantities in a salad regardless of any particular ingredients.
The green mass is placed in a bucket, about 1 kg per 10 liters of water, and allowed to draw. You can already give the fresh extract (after a day) on the herbs, such a nettle extract scares away then immediately the aphids.
You can ferment the manure in the closed bucket for up to a month, then the fertilizer becomes more and more concentrated. A manure that has fermented for about a month must be diluted 1:10 before use, before it comes on the plants. There are many plants that bring in the Jauchenansatz also various ingredients that help in pest control.