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Do you have room for a pond in the garden? Then you should not give up this unique enrichment for your plot in front of the house! So that a variety of animals and plants on the banks and in the water feels good, the pond should be as natural as possible. It does not really matter so much about the size: a small biotope with moisture-loving plants is as valuable in a terraced garden in the suburbs as a natural pond with a wooden walkway and stream in the countryside.
Lure animals to the natural pond
If you want to attract many animals, the design of the shore area and different water depths are important. Ideal and flexible in the design are foil oaks, which can be freely modeled. The shore area should be shallow and have small valleys where birds like to take a bath. The shallow pond edge makes it easier for water dwellers such as newts and frogs to climb in and out. Various large stones in the bank area provide welcome resting places and hiding places. Modern concrete ponds and prefabricated ponds, in contrast to the foil pond, usually have too steep banks and are therefore less suitable as a natural pond.
Fir fronds (left), crab claws (right), hornwort, water feather or pondweed are among the pond-cleansing oxygen donors
So-called oxygen plants grow under water, absorb nutrients and release oxygen to their environment. In this way they keep the pond water clearer and reduce algae growth. However, in a body of water that already has strong algae growth, oxygen plants have a hard time; they lack carbon dioxide. Therefore, it is recommended to place the oxygen plants right at the plant or in ponds that are not yet overly pitted; best in plant baskets with sandy pond substrate. The best time to do so is in early summer.
Plant the natural pond properly
A species-rich and dense bank vegetation provides aquatic animals and insects the necessary habitat. Here you can watch dragonflies, for example, during their hunting flights or hatching; Newts, toads and frogs retire to the shelter after their reproduction. If the pond is at least 80 centimeters deep, it will not freeze in winter. Aquatic plants provide the necessary oxygen content. In technology such as filters or sludge sucker is omitted in the natural pond. And in favor of the magnificent flora and fauna, one occasionally likes to grab algae nets.
The right place for every plant
A natural landscaped pond offers different water depths, in which different plants and animals feel comfortable. Optimally, there are four planting zones in and around the pond
1) In the pond environment usually higher growing species such as daylily, meadow rue, water-wast or ragwort grow on normal garden soil.
2) In the marsh zone (up to ten centimeters deep), dwarf bushes, small cattails, swamp-iris, blood-weider-pond and swamp-forget-me-not feel well on wet to wet ground.
3) For the shallow water zone (10 to 40 centimeters of water depth) pike, frog, water mint or frog spoon are suitable.
4) The deep water zone (80 to 120 centimeters of water depth) is reserved for underwater plants such as millipedes, crab claws, hornbeam and many water lily species.