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The native species of birds, including the star, are increasingly displaced in their habitat. Due to the high infrastructure and less and less nesting possibilities, it is not easy for starlings to take care of their young. Here can help a nest box, which can be based on the instructions just build yourself.
Instructions for building a "star box"
Of course, this is not the speed camera referred to as star box speed camera, but a nesting box that supports the birds and encourages to breed. In the garden, on open plains and in urban peripheral areas, a nesting box creates a new habitat for native birds. It is important that the construction was adapted to the needs of starlings and adapted to their body size. The birds will take care of the nesting box and soon joyful chirping will ring out in the garden.
Materials for the nesting box
For the construction mainly wood is used. The nesting box builder can use either laminated wood or natural wood. It is important that the wood has not been treated with insect repellents or other wood preservatives that are toxic to the birds. Next nails, and a little bit of roofing felt needed. A jigsaw or jig saw and a circular saw, a hammer and pliers are enough as a tool. It is not difficult, therefore, to build a breeding ground for the star from the specified materials and with the appropriate tools and to invite the birds to their own land. The nesting box consists of a bottom and lid, two side walls, a rear wall and a front, into which the entrance is cut into shape. Next, a board for fixing the nesting box is needed.
Step by step instructions for construction
A nesting box for starlings should not be less than 25 cm high and 20 cm wide. First, the items are measured, marked and sawn. With the following tips and measurements, the construction succeeds precisely and precisely for starlings.
- Back wall 30x19 cm
- Front 26x15 cm
- Side parts 2x with 30x17x26 cm (shorter at the front than at the back)
- Floor 15x15 cm
- Roof 22x26 cm
The assembly of the nesting box
Roofing nails are best suited. They are long, easy to beat in the wood and have a narrow head that does not involve any risk of injury to the birds. If a nail is bent into the wood, it can easily be removed with the pliers. Under no circumstances may he remain in the nesting box, as the injury would be enormous for young starlings, but also for the mother. When assembling, this order is appropriate:
- Connect rear wall to the floor from the back (the floor is in the nesting box)
- Attach ledge for attachment, here nails penetrate from inside or use screws
- Nail sidewalls to the floor
- Fit the front and connect it to the floor and the side walls
- Attach the roof, fasten with nails on the side walls, the front and rear wall.
Since the star wants high, the nesting box should be mounted at a height of at least 4 meters, better even a little higher. The most beautiful nest box will not be accepted if it is just above the ground or at the gardener's level.
Not only starlings will be convinced
A nest box for starlings attracts not only her, but also the wryneck. This prefers the same nesting conditions as the star and finds the building equally interesting. In a large garden, it is therefore recommended not only to build a nesting box. Of course, the place where he should be hung is also important.With a minimum height of 4 meters, as well as a quiet location in nature, it is guaranteed to be accepted. Under no circumstances should a nest box be too close to the house or a busy street. The constant restlessness would disturb the birds while breeding and could cause the starling mother not to return to her cubs. Curious looks are also discouraged. Stare need rest and seclusion to care for their offspring in peace and to take care of the offspring. The gardener sees the young birds only when they make their first trip out of the nest box and look around the garden.
What to pay attention to
The wood must not be treated and therefore not toxic. Natural wood is therefore optimal. But glue wood is also suitable, provided that it is not subsequently processed with wood preservatives. A painting may receive the nest box but. For this purpose, a weather-resistant paint, which is water-based is suitable. Children's toy paint and other solvent-free paints can be used. Glazes, stains or solvent-based paints are dangerous for the star and may not be used for a nesting box. Before hanging up, make sure that there is no nail out of the wood and sticking out into the nesting box. The risk of injury to the starlings would be enormous and would oppose the good will of the construction project.
Worth knowing about Staren nesting boxes soon
Stare mostly occur in larger groups. They are cave breeders and like to take nest boxes:
- The flight hole in a star box must be 45 to 50 mm in diameter.
- The nesting box should be attached to a cat safe.
- The breeding area for a star is better sized a little larger.
- The base area for a nesting box should be about 16 x 16 cm.
- For starlings, it is absolutely necessary to clean the nest boxes before the new breeding season.
- Dirty star box will not be accepted. In addition, vermin and parasites can threaten the brood.
- Star boxes should be hung with the entry hole to the southeast to the east. This location offers the nest boxes the best protection against the weather.