The Content Of The Article:
- What to pay attention to when buying
- The ideal floor
- When and how to plant
- winter protection
The Nordmann fir is native to the Caucasus and reaches stature heights of up to 60 meters. It was named after the Finnish naturalist Alexander von Nordmann, who owes it to the beautiful tree that came to Central Europe. Here it grows in local gardens up to 25 meters high and up to three meters wide. Even in old age, the lower part of her trunk does not lose its limb, but remains fully loaded.
growthA Nordmann fir can be recognized by its straight stem, strong needles and symmetrical, pyramidal habit. The lower part of their tribe is always evenly overgrown with branches. As they spread widely, the Nordmann fir is especially suitable for larger lawns. At young age, a Nordmann fir grows very slowly and can therefore initially be pulled as a container plant. Then you can put them into the house for Christmas and have a very evenly grown, spicy-smelling Christmas tree. Older Nordmann firs grow a little faster. On average, the height growth of a Nordmann fir per year is between 25 and 30 centimeters. In width it grows up to 15 cm per year.
What to pay attention to when buyingIf you want to plant a northern pine, you can buy a tree from a nursery. Nordmann firs are also commonly available in garden centers and DIY stores. The young specimens are about 160 centimeters tall. For larger trees, the rootstock is already too large to be dug up again. If a Nordmann fir is bought as a potted Christmas tree, then it is less likely to be later planted in the garden because its roots have been shortened for the pot, which complicates outdoor growth.
LocationShady and partially shaded areas are suitable as locations for the Nordmann fir. Especially young trees do not like bright sunlight. How much sun a Nordmann fir tolerates, however, depends on the variety. Older trees can thrive well in the sun.
The Nordmann fir prefers:
- Shadow and partial shade
- northern slopes
- high humidity
- strong sunlight
- icy easterly winds in winter
- polluted air
The Nordmann fir should be planted from the beginning where it should stand forever. The tree belongs to the taproots. This means that its main root grows deep into the soil and can not be removed again later. However, young plants are also suitable for a tub culture, because they grow only a few centimeters a year. For a Nordmann fir planted in a bucket, it is easy to find a shady spot on the terrace.
What should be considered when choosing the location:
- When placing in front of a hedge or wall, keep a sufficient distance, because later the tree grows wider and forms strong roots
- unsuitable for smaller gardens because it is up to three meters wide
The ideal floorNorthern pine trees grow well on humus-rich soil enriched with clay. Ideally it should be loose and permeable. Also brown earths are best suited. The Nordmann fir grows on both calcareous and acidic and alkaline soils. The ideal pH is between 5 and 6. Hard and dense soils increase the frost sensitivity of the fir in winter.
- mild, humus rich clay soil or brown earth
- fresh, loose, deep soil, which is kept constantly moist
- no heavy clay soils that are too firm and less permeable to air
- no compacted soil
When and how to plant
In spring, summer, autumn and winter he wears his evergreen, wonderfully fragrant needle dress, which makes him so popular as a shade for the garden. If you choose not deciduous trees for the front yard, but opt for a noble Nordmann fir, you can save annoying foliage elimination in the fall and has little trouble keeping the lawn clean. In winter, young Nordmann firs should be protected from frost.