Deutzie, Deutzia - list of varieties, care and information on toxicity


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Deutzia - Deutzia

With its picturesque flowers, Deutz lends the spring garden a special glow in May and June. The close relatives of the hydrangeas inspire with loose-upright or elegant-overhanging habit and furious flower magic in bright white and delicate pinks. Our handpicked species list invites you to an expedition to your most beautiful Mayflower shrub. Once you have found your favorite, the nursing guide will focus on how to expertly pour, fertilize, cut and overwinter your Deutzie. Well-founded information on the toxicity leave no doubt.

Species list

The botanical relationship with the hydrangeas does not prevent Deutzia from presenting us with an individual species and variety that only remotely recall the classic. Competent breeders invested all their skills in crossing the most beautiful species so that their outstanding attributes combined in magnificent hybrids. The following list of varieties introduces you to hand-picked treasures among the Deutzians.
High Deutzia (Deutzia magnifica)
This premium strain raises itself majestically and still maintains a slender figure with a dense dress of lanceolate, sawed leaves. At flowering, the branches tend with 10 cm long, bright white BlĂŒtenrispen casual-elegant, without the shrub falls apart. This growth behavior offers several options to integrate the Deutzie in the garden picture. From the solitaire in bed and tub to the picturesque flower hedge, the application scenario extends.
  • Growth height: 200 to 300 cm
  • Growth width: 150 to 200 cm
Rose-related 'Mont Rose' (Deutzia hybrida)
If you are in the mood for a medium flowering shrub, you are well advised with 'Mont Rose'. The cup-shaped, pink flowers light up visibly and finish their floral appearance in pure white. The yellow stamens are a striking contrast to the play of colors of the flowers. As a solitaire in the small garden or main actor on the balcony, this strain is perfect.
  • Growth height: 150 to 200 cm
  • Growth width: 100 to 150 cm
Stuffed Deutzia 'Plena' (Deutzia scabra)
The secret queen among the Deutzia varieties trumps with lush filled flowers, which gather to 12 cm long panicles. The interior is white and the outside is pink, and from May to June, a romantic play of colors unfolds, creating floral moments of happiness not only in the country house and cottage garden. However, there should be enough space for the flower beauty, because of its minimalistic restraint, it holds little. The horstartige arrangement of their basic impulses gives the high-carat variety - despite its loose, slightly overhanging growth - the potential for the opaque flower hedge.
  • Growth height: 250 to 350 cm
  • Growth width: 180 to 250 cm
Strawberry Fragrance 'Strawberry Field' (Deutzia hybrida)
Anyone who wants a Deutzzie with strong shades, will note with interest this variety. 'Strawberry Field' charms with dark purple flower heads, which are pinkish inward. Typical of this hybrid is the arrangement of the flowers. Instead of long panicles, they form here cone-shaped groups on the bluish-green foliage. On warm spring days, the flow of flowers exudes a subtle scent of strawberries, attracting butterflies in armies. Since this Deutzie maintains its tightly upright growth, it thrives less space-consuming, than their conspecifics.
  • Growth height: 100 to 150 cm
  • Growth width: 80 to 140 cm
Roseback 'Tourbillon Rouge' (Deutzia magnifica)
The novelty within the variety family is the result of a targeted improvement in the winter hardiness of Deutzia. This does not mean that the optimized frost tolerance is at the expense of the flower beauty. On the contrary, the Deutzia 'Tourbillon Rouge' pleads with dark pink, white-bordered flowers to assign her a prominent place in the sun in the bed and tub. However, Deutz has no objection to a socialization with other flowering shrubs, such as lavender, Weigelie, snowball or peasant jasmine to the furious hedge.
  • Growth height: 200 to 300 cm
  • Growth width: 200 to 250 cm
'Rosealind' (Deutzia elegantissima)
If you are still looking for the ideal companion for the spring-fresh balcony or the homely seat in the garden, we would like to recommend 'Rosealind' to your heart. Without taking up much space, it spreads its colorful blossom flair with crimson peel blossoms on tightly erect shoots. The elegant flower flor is underscored by narrow leaves in light green.
  • Growth height: 100 to 150 cm
  • Growth width: 60 to 100 cm
Low Deutzia (Deutzia rosea)
In a balanced list of varieties, a short Deutzia must not be missing, so you do not have to do without the atmospheric BlĂŒtensinfonie in tight space capacity. The compact variety usually stays below 100 cm and becomes as wide as it is tall. From June to July, the sunny spot displays countless star-shaped blossoms that are white on the inside and pink on the outside, complemented by yellow stamens. Dark green foliage completes the decorative appearance.
  • Growth height: 80 to 100 cm
  • Growth width: 60 to 80 cm

Care Instructions

Deutzia - Deutzia

The labeling of the MaiblumenstrÀucher as easy to maintain, can be tempted to neglect important aspects of cultivation. With a view to a rapid growth of up to 50 cm per year and a not always unconditional winter hardiness, the maintenance effort should not be underestimated. As the following instructions show, the relevant measures are still easy to master even for beginners.

Location

The botanical relationship with hydrangeas does not imply that the same site conditions apply to the Deutzae. On the contrary, the flowering shrub is one of the sun worshipers. Therefore, assign the Rosicopee a location with these framework conditions:
  • Sunny to very sunny location
  • Partial shade reduces the abundance of flowers
  • Warm and wind protected
While summer heat only increases water consumption, a place in the cold draft can cause the flowers and leaves to trickle down. This applies equally to a location in the bed and on the balcony. The more protected the location, the better the Asia-born Deutz outlasts a Central European winter.

Soil and substrate

The Deutzie thrives in every good garden soil that is rich in nutrients and fresh and moist. The earth should be loose-humus and permeable, so that even after a heavy rain shower the water runs off quickly. If the quality of the soil does not match the criteria, simply compensate for deficiencies with aggregates. Clay-stressed, solid earth is loosened up with sand and fine grit. Sandy-dry soil can be optimized with compost, clay soil or bark humus.
Deutzians thrive as heartroots with a richly branched system of fine roots. In the bucket, a structurally stable plant soil based on compost meets the requirements of root balling very well. For the necessary permeability provide aggregates, such as perlite, lava granules or expanded clay. The best choice is a high quality potted potting soil where peat has been replaced by coconut or wood fibers.

Plants in the bed

Best planting time for all Deutzia in the bed is in autumn. Although the trees in the container are allowed to grow into the soil during the entire growing season, the sun-warmed soil in September and October offers ideal starting conditions for the plants. How to plant your rosé right:
  • Soak the potted root ball with water
  • Dig a plant pit with twice the circumference of the root ball
  • Shovel the excavated material into a wheelbarrow to enrich it with compost and horn shavings
  • Discharge the Deutz, center in the hole and fill with soil
The root disk should end up just below the ground surface. Press the soil well and pour with normal water. Associated with other shrubs, the ideal planting distance is half of the expected plant height.

Plants in the tub

In order to cultivate a star shrub in the tub, we recommend spring as a planting season, when no night frosts are to be expected. Please choose a large pot with at least 30 cm depth. The diameter between the root ball and the edge of the vessel should be 2 to 3 fingers wide. Leave a bucket without opening the bottom to the left, because waterlogging is inevitable. The procedure of planting is similar, as in the bed. In addition, spread a drainage above the water drainage in the floor. Potsherds, grit, pebbles or similar inorganic materials are suitable for this purpose.
Then place the bucket in a partially shaded place for 8 to 10 days for acclimatization. If the young leaves of a Deutzie are suddenly placed in full sun, leaf damage can occur. These show up in the form of light brown spots with a dark border and do not heal again.
Tip: Buckets in bright colors prevent the soil from heating up so much in full sun that the roots cease their activity. The absence of a coaster effectively prevents harmful waterlogging in rainy weather. Instead, leveling feet promote the ventilation of the root ball from below and allow excess irrigation water to drain away unhindered.

to water

The water requirement is at a high level, especially during flowering. An even soil moisture ensures that your Deutzie does not get under drought stress and the flowers throw off. Harmful waterlogging can be bypassed by allowing the substrate to dry in between the waterings. Please note that the bucket should be watered more often than in the bed.

Deutzia - Deutzia


Since the ornamental wood throws off its leaves in autumn, the water requirement in winter is reduced to a minimum. Only water in the bed and tub if necessary, so that the root ball does not dry out. This is especially true under the influence of Kahlfrost when in bright sunshine, the snow or rain is absent.

Fertilize

Modesty characterizes the star shrub when it comes to its nutritional needs. In good garden soil is sufficient to start fertilizing with compost and horn shavings in October, respectively with mineral-organic fertilizer in March. Since organic fertilizer must first be broken down by soil organisms until it is available for the roots, it is already administered in the fall. Work a fertilizer superficially on the root disk and then pour in.
For Deutzia in the tub, we recommend the administration of liquid fertilizer for flowering plants in the period from March to June in the 4-week cycle. Alternatively, in March, administer one-time long-acting fertilizer sticks that are simply pressed into the substrate.

To cut

Since the Maiblumenstrauch wins quite quickly in size, he receives a regular form and maintenance cut. The best time for this care is after the end of the flowering season, as in the same year Deutzien apply the buds for the next season. If the pruning takes place in late winter, numerous buds fall victim to it. This cut has proven itself on the aster's shrub:
  • Best date is a cloudy, not too hot day in July
  • Shorten too long shoots by a maximum of half
  • Always cut just above a pair of leaves
  • Clean all withered flowers to prevent the formation of seed stalls
During the foliage-free time in late winter is a good opportunity to preserve by thorough Auslichten a Rosendeutzie before the Verkahlung. By cutting off all dead wood at the base, enough light gets to all vital branches, so that leaves sprout there again. This measure also includes the removal of too close branches. At least the weaker shoot you should auslichten. If inward branches run counter to even growth, a close-to-ground cut corrects the problem.
Tip: A continuous rejuvenation is more compatible than a radical pruning. Experienced German gardeners therefore remove two to three of the oldest shoots close to the ground from the third year on at two-year intervals.

overwinter

In general, Deutzians are assigned to the winter hardiness zone Z5. This means that temperatures from -23.4 to -28.8 degrees Celsius will not cause any damage. For highly bred Edelhybriden this variety list this classification has only limited relevance. Although there are no well-founded scientific studies, it can be assumed that the winter hardiness in the area of ​​Z6 is weaker. In concrete terms, this means between -17.4 and -23.4 degrees Celsius for well-rooted, adult Deutzians. In order to avoid any risk of default, we therefore recommend the following precautions:
  • In the year of planting, provide each Maiblumenstrauch with winter protection
  • The root disc cover with foliage and brushwood
  • Cover the branches with the breathable fleece after the leaf fall
  • Place bucket on a wooden block in front of the south wall of the house
  • Cover the vessel with several layers of bubble wrap
  • On frost-free days in the bed and tub pour a little
In winter regions repeat these measures during the first 2 to 3 years of existence. Only at an advanced age has your star-shrub developed a reliable winter hardiness. This does not apply to potted plants. Since the root ball is not protected by the garden soil, a pot should be provided with a winter coat every year.

multiply

In conjunction with the form and maintenance section, suitable material for vegetative propagation is produced by the clippings. Suitable for cutting are both head drives and one to two-year centers of a branch. In both cases, the offshoot should not flower and be healthy. Always apply the cut below a leaf node or leaf pair. The leaves in the lower part pluck and dive the interface in rooting powder. Proceed as follows:
  • For each cut, fill a seed pot with coconut fiber or peat sand
  • Drill the planting hole with a stick to cut the offshoot two-thirds of its length
  • Press the substrate well and pour
Keep the cuttings in a partially shaded, warm location until the autumn. You can already plant a strong young plant in September / October in the bed. If in doubt, overwinter the young Deutzia in the bright window seat at temperatures of around 15 degrees Celsius. Well suited is a slightly tempered conservatory, the bright bedroom or a garage with windows. By the next spring, the hesitant offshoots have turned into a vital young plant and can be planted out.

Information on toxicity

The genus of the Deutzien belongs to the family of the hydrangea plants and thus to the order of the dogwood-type.This botanical classification can raise doubts about its safety, as some dogwoods are considered slightly toxic. With a view to the after all distant relatives can be given at this point all-clear. May flower shrubs are not poisonous and therefore suitable for the family garden. Consumption of leaves, flowers and fruits in larger quantities is not recommended. Please do not use the clippings or the leaves as green fodder for pets.
Conclusion
For the pictorial flower symphony of a Deutzie, a place should always be reserved in the creative garden design. In all sunny locations with good garden soil, the star-tree shrub enchants us from May to June with fragrant, white, pink or crimson flowers that assemble into long panicles or furious groups. As this variety list shows, from the large park to the small garden and balcony for each of the correct Maiblumenstrauch represented. Care focuses on the high water requirement during flowering. In the first few years a light winter protection protects young Germans from severe frost. Thanks to the good-natured cut tolerance, shape and size can be easily regulated after flowering.

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