The Content Of The Article:
- Advantages and disadvantages of cuttings
- Which plants are suitable for raising offspring?
- What is needed to raise offspring?
- How are the cuttings bred?
- What should be considered when breeding offshoots?
- Worth knowing about the offshoot will take place shortly
Offshoots can be grown pulled up by almost all plant species. In the following, we would like to give you some instructions on how to make yourself offshoots.
Advantages and disadvantages of cuttingsThe cultivation of plants from cuttings is much faster than the cultivation with seeds. The offshoot is a 100% clone of its parent plant. Therefore, only healthy and strong plants should be used for pruning. The germination phase is eliminated and thus can be achieved in crops rather yields.
When raising cuttings, important genetic information of the seed is lost. This is especially noticeable in the yield of the plant. Therefore, plants grown from cuttings should be duplicated no more than two to three times. The cuttings are particularly susceptible to disease especially in the early stages. Seeds, however, contain the full genome information.
Which plants are suitable for raising offspring?For breeding offshoots own different types of plants. Depending on the type of plant, it is important to remove the cuttings in the right place of the mother plant. There are different types of investors. The most common offshoots are head cuttings, stem cuttings, leaf cuttings and wood cuttings. In many plants, head cuttings are pulled. Head cuttings are all young shoots of a plant. Heads can be pulled from any tree, bush or spice plants that have branches. It can also offshoots from spice plants and vegetables are obtained.
The following plants are suitable for the cultivation of head cuttings:
- bush roses
- Christmas star
- different houseplants
- dragon tree
- vegetables perennials
- Lamb's lettuce
- different stone growths
- woody plants
- sea buckthorn
What is needed to raise offspring?In order to produce offshoots, you need the following utensils in addition to a healthy shoot of the plant to be grown:
- clean, sharp knife, scalpel or razor blade
- Potting soil or rock wool
- plant pot
- Root serum for example from Green House or Plagron
- a bright not too sensible parking space
How are the cuttings bred?The best time to separate cuttings from the mother plant is the spring. First, the mother plant is a well-grown 5 cm to 15 cm long young shoot taken. In order to avoid contamination at the interface clean as sterile as possible cutting tools must be used. For thin shoots, a sterile scalpel is best. Subsequently, the lower leaves are removed from the offshoot. In the next step, the cuttings are dipped in root serum. It is recommended to place a small amount of the root serum in a separate container and immerse the offshoot there. This avoids contamination of the remaining serum.
The cuttings are now placed in the rearing soil or in rock wool. The cuttings must be protected against dehydration. We recommend the use of a room greenhouse. Especially when larger quantities of cuttings are pulled, the greenhouse offers itself. Alternatively, a transparent plastic bag can be used. After about 10 to 15 days, the offshoot can be placed in a larger container or in the field.
Another popular way to make offshoot yourself is to place the freshly cut cuttings in a glass of water. This should definitely be in a warm place. With this method, you should cut off the offshoot as far as possible at an angle of 45°. After about two to three weeks, enough root should have formed to plant the offshoot. The cuttings should first be planted in a small flower pot. Once the plant is robust enough, it can be applied outdoors.
What should be considered when breeding offshoots?Once the offshoot has been separated from the mother plant it is extremely weakened. Use only clean cutting tools. If possible, create a pleasant climate for your offshoots in a small greenhouse. Open the greenhouse several times a day to avoid heat build-up. If the branches are too moist, they can easily become moldy. Try to avoid large temperature fluctuations. Keep the soil as moist as possible. However, there should be no water in the containers. If there is a flower or bud at the offshoot, it must be removed, as flowers extract too much energy from the cutting. The offshoot should have young leaves as possible. All leaves in the lower part of the shoot must be removed. Plant the offshoot at least two to three times before putting it in the field. Various sizes of flower pots allow for compact root growth. The formula height of the plant is equal to the diameter of the flowerpot.
If you work with sterile soil or rock wool, the offshoot should be fertilized after three weeks. As fertilizer you can use commercially available flower fertilizer or organic fertilizer. Follow the dosing instructions on the packaging. Too much fertilizer harms the plants as well as too little.
Worth knowing about the offshoot will take place shortlyThe extraction of offshoots is particularly suitable for the recovery of larger amounts of plants. The cost of the seed can be saved. The cuttings have a developmental advantage as opposed to seedlings. Certainly the breeding of cuttings requires some practice. However, if you work cleanly and follow the instructions for doing it yourself, you will enjoy your spin-offs.
- The term offshoot is a technical term from plant breeding. The offshoot is a propagation of plants.
- Another type of propagation of plants is the multiplication by so-called sinkers.
For example, you can use so-called cultivation boxes, whereby the color of the glass, which can be put over the growing box, plays an essential role. Quick and better roots attract cuttings when the color of the glass is tinted, as is the case, for example, with brown or green glass. The colored light, or the changed wavelength of the light, has a positive effect on the growth of the offshoots.
Offshoots can also be fast roots by first placing them in a - possibly tinted - container made of glass. After sufficient roots, they can then be planted. Sufficiently rooted offshoots can also be planted directly to a new place. The planting site should first be watered sufficiently to protect it from drying out.
In order to be able to carry out a so-called vegetative propagation, one needs only a few aids:
- a flowerpot,
- a water sprayer
- and growth substrate
When selecting the growing substrate, it is recommended to use an airy, well-drained substrate that stores water well and is germ-free.