Oleander cut - instructions and tips for the right cut

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Oleander is one of the most popular potted plants. However, to ensure that it retains its beautiful shape, it requires not only sufficient care, but above all a regular pruning.

Oleander cut - tips and instructions

The oleander is a Mediterranean plant that thrives well in our latitudes. In addition to the choice of location, the right care and the casting behavior, it also depends on the regular cut.

Following the following tips and advice, the plants will thrive and thank you for their rich flowering.

When is the right time for the oleander cut?

It is advantageous if the oleander is cut before it expels. In general, oleander can be cut throughout the growing season. If you reach for the scissors after the flower, it is important not to remove the inflorescences, as this is the plant for the flower in the following year. If you do not want to risk the plant from forming flowers in the next year, you should do the cutting before flowering.

" Tip: Cutting oleander in autumn is less advisable, as the plant then drifts out and this can lead to damage in winter quarters.

The year-round feasible cutting measures include the removal of old and dead branches. Young plants should be trimmed for the first time after two years at the latest. Annual maintenance cuts ensure healthy growth and flowering.

A cut - many possibilities

Oleander can be cut in various ways. Here, a distinction is made between the conservation section and the radical section.

The maintenance cut is carried out annually if possible. Then no radical cutting measures are necessary and the plant can be brought in a few steps in the form. It is important to cut the branches only to the trained buds. The natural appearance of the plant is preserved and the Schnittmaßnahme will be difficult to see.

" Tip: When preserving cut does not necessarily have to be used for scissors, the shoots can also be broken.

In order to prevent the plant from being sown, some ground-level shoots should also be removed. Attention should also be paid to the shrub interior. Chipped and overhanging branches should be cut down to the old wood.

How is the cut done?

If the plant is to be cut in spring, cut off about one third of all shoots near the ground. If it is cut into the old wood, the result is long shoots. Cuts near the flower have short shoots that quickly flower. In any case, be careful not to injure the buds when cutting, otherwise the oleander will not bloom this year and the following year. Less squeamish you may deal with old and dead branches. These can be completely removed. This will prevent the cropping of the plants.

" Tip: Wilted flowers must not be completely removed, as each inflorescence develops new flowers again. Therefore, remove only the withered petals and not the whole inflorescences.

Cloaked plants are visually unappealing and should therefore be completely cut back. Then soon new shoots will be formed. However, it will take two to three years for the plant to flower again after a complete pruning.

Rejuvenate older oleanders - that's how it works

If the oleander grows vigorously and is in full bloom year after year, cutting measures are not mandatory. Sooner or later, however, the plant will react with reduced growth and the rich flowers will be absent. Older plants should therefore be rejuvenated to protect them from complete dislocation. This is necessary at the latest after three to five years. It is better, however, to rejuvenate regularly.

Do the following:

  • remove old wood
  • Cut over overhanging shoots
  • cut off transversely growing shoots

" Tip: The further it is cut back, the stronger the shoots will develop.

The total pruning - an intervention with consequences

If a total cutback is performed, only finger-thick shoots remain from the plant. If the plant is placed on the stick, only a few centimeters long stubs remain. The plant has no leaves and all thin shoots are also completely removed. The leftover stick is treated with paraffin oil. This happens in autumn, in winter quarters and after hibernation. Strong shoots will develop. However, it will take almost a year for the plant to return to its old form and rich bloom.

Keep oleander in shape with a cut

In order for the oleander to retain its shape and remain at a certain size, some steps are necessary. This approach was developed by the International Oleander Society and can be applied to all mature oleander plants in the field or in pots:

  • record desired plant size
  • Make stencil or framework
  • remove weak, diseased and damaged shoots
  • partially remove the tallest stems
  • Cut logs that protrude from the template to about 30 centimeters behind the desired size
  • Should be cut directly after flowering, at the latest by the end of August, the shape section should be completed. A renewed expulsion before winter damages the plant. The result is a reduced flowering joy in the following year.

Oleander as a high tribe

Oleander can be transformed by appropriate cutting measures in a high trunk. If the pruning measures were rather tentative, stable, non-leafy trunks are formed. These tribes can be used to raise even a high tribe.

The procedure is as follows:

  1. Oleander from the ground
  2. Part rootballs
  3. pick out a straight trunk
  4. put single trunk with root system in soil
  5. remove all shoots up to the height of the intended crown
  6. Largely cut the crown into shape
  7. Form the crown with strings by stripping it from the trunk

Precautions for oleander cutting

When Oleanderschnitt is to be noted that it is a poisonous plant. When cut, sap leaves. This can irritate the skin and lead to allergic reactions. The contained Oleandrin leads to arrhythmias, headaches and cramps. In the worst case, cardiac paralysis may occur. If cutting measures are carried out on the oleander, always wear gloves. Also, the work tools are to be disinfected.

Cutting oleander cuttings - when and how?

If you want to cut cuttings from Oleander, use the summer months. Young shoots are cut without a bud approach. Use a sharp knife to avoid injuring the plant. The cuttings should be about 20 inches long. Before the cuttings are rooted, remove the lower leaves.

" Tip: The shoots removed from the annual pruning are less suitable than cuttings, as they form roots only very poorly.

First aid for cuts

Smaller cuts on the oleander are not tragic. The plant will know how to close it on its own. On the other hand, cutting measures before the onset of winter are a risk. This makes the plant vulnerable to diseases and pests. The sap flow can be stopped with charcoal ash. This also prevents the ingress of pests through the wounds. For larger wounds, a special wound closure agent should be used.

The right tools for the perfect cut

How the cutting measures are designed depends largely on the tools used. Use only high-quality tools with sharp blades.

The tools can be divided into different groups. It is divided into scissors for one-handed operation and scissors for two-hand operation.

Scissors for one-hand operation

easy to useForce higher
a hand remains freeBranches can be injured
good power transmission

Scissors for two-hand operation

also suitable for stronger branchesto operate both hands are needed
optimal power transmission through leverage

Both product groups are available as anvil shears and bypass shears. Anvil scissors have a sharp blade that is pressed onto the wood. Bypass shears have two sharp blades and allow a more precise cut. Furthermore, a distinction can be made in models for left- and right-handed people.

Video Board: Gardening Tips : How to Prune Oleander.

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