The Content Of The Article:
- Create the optimal conditions
Planting olive trees in the field is a demanding task. After all, the Mediterranean plant does not tolerate frosty temperatures. However, planting is possible in mild regions.In mild regions you can see olive trees almost every street corner. In this country, however, it is not so easy to pull an olive tree in the field. Especially in northern Germany it is simply too cold for the Mediterranean plant during the winter months.
However, it is different in warmer regions, such as in some winegrowing regions. Here you can try it. But beware: Olive trees not only need a lot of space, they also need to create other important conditions.
Create the optimal conditions
Young olive trees are not suitable for planting in Germany. The frost sensitivity of the trees is too high. Older specimens survive the cold season usually unscathed, provided that you do everything right when winter protection.
The olive tree feels most comfortable in a light-flooded location. A building in the immediate vicinity is advantageous as a windbreak, but the shadow of the house must not fall on the olive tree. If you have to choose between wind protection and regular sun exposure, then opt for the sun.
Olive trees are right for almost all types of soil. The lime compatibility is good, acidic and alkaline soil is equally accepted and even nutrient-poor soils are no growth obstacle. Only very solid, loamy soil can be a problem because it inhibits water runoff. As a result, waterlogging can form, which often leads to root rot.
Planting hole and drainage:
The planting hole for the olive tree should be much deeper than the root ball in moist, loamy soil. The additional space is intended for drainage. You can use coarse gravel, but also rubble in the form of chipped bricks, roof tiles or wall scraps. If the ground is rather dry and permeable to water, a shallower planting hole is sufficient. After you have used the root ball and filled up with soil, stabilize the tree with a support pole. It takes about two years for the roots to be firmly anchored in the soil.
Pour and fertilize:
Freshly planted olive trees should be watered regularly and occasionally fertilized. For specimens with developed root system, the water requirement is significantly reduced and the plants get along well with longer dry periods in summer. A short, fresh shower with the lawn sprinkler gratefully accepts olive trees of all ages.
From September, fertilize your olive tree several times with Kalimagnesia (such as this one here). As a result, green shoots grow faster and are better frost-protected in winter. As soon as the first few degrees are expected, cover the tree disc with leaves or bark mulch and complain this with a second protective layer of fir, spruce or pine branches. Also, wrap the tree trunk with fiber mats made of organic materials such as jute or coconut.
If the weather forecast announces temperatures below -10° C, wrap the branches of the tree with a light linen cloth or gauze strip. Now it says: wait and hope a little. Chances are, however, that your well-protected olive tree will survive the winter alive and well.