Onion varieties - types & differences


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Onion is not the same onion. There are many different types of onions, of which there are different variants. We have presented here once the most common.

Onion varieties difference

The individual types of onion differ not only in their appearance partly serious, but also in their taste. So you can draw in the kitchen from a great variety of flavors and pungency and prepare the most diverse dishes.

The most famous onions at a glance

Onion (Allium cepa)

The onion is most common and is often referred to as onion. But also garden onion, onion and summer onion belong to this variety. A larger portion of the onion is the onions, which can be filled well, for example.

Kitchen onions in gardens
Onions are also grown in local gardens. They are sown in spring and harvest can be obtained between August and October. But you can also put out small onion sets and then harvest the onions the following year.

Appearance of kitchen onion
The onion usually has a brownish skin. However, there are also some with red or white shell, which then have a slightly different flavor. The sharpness can vary here.

Use of kitchen onion
You can use the onions either raw or cooked / fried. The kitchen onion not only gives a good taste to numerous dishes, it is even an old home remedy.

Pearl onion (Allium ampeloprasum)

Pearl onions are among the smallest varieties of onions, because they are barely the size of hazelnuts. First and foremost one knows the small pearl onions sourly inserted in glasses, which one gets to buy in the trade. For a long time, it has no significance in the domestic kitchen like the normal kitchen onions or some other types of onions. Botanically speaking, the pearl onions do not count as onions but as leek plants.

Pearl onions in the garden
You can plant the pearl onions well in the garden. The small onions are planted in the soil in the fall, in the summer they are ready for harvest. Pearl onions can not be stored as long as normal onions. They are rather intended for early consumption. That is also the reason why you can hardly buy fresh pearl onions in the shops.

Prepare pearl onions
Since the onions are so small, it is a bit difficult to peel them. They are best simply brewed with hot water beforehand. The finely chopped pearl onions are best suited for the preparation of salads or soups. Unlike other onions, the pearl onions are less spicy, so you can eat them well raw.

Shallot (Allium cepa var. Aggregatum, Syn. Allium ascalonium)

Also suitable for the garden is the shallot, which is ideally suited even for beginners. The shallot is one of the very robust vegetables and the crop yield is quite large. Many people also prefer the scallion flavor, it is spicy and aromatic but not as spicy as other varieties. They are smaller than the onions and have a somewhat elongated shape.

Grow shallots in the garden
Shallots are planted in spring and can be harvested in summer. For storage, the shallots are just as well suited as the kitchen onions, they can even be stored outdoors for several months.

Preparation of shallots
Shallots are not as good for searing, as they can get a very bitter taste. Ideal are shallots for the preparation of salads or steamed in soups.

In the trade, the selection of shallots is low, there are many different varieties. Shallots have an anti-inflammatory effect, which is why they also play a role in natural medicine.

Silver onions (Allium cepa var. Cepa)

The silver onion is a particularly small variant of the kitchen onion. Her slightly silvery shimmering skin gave her her name.

Silver onions in the garden
It is hardly suitable for cultivation in the garden, because it has no protective skin and this often causes difficulties.

Use of the silver onions
In the trade, the silver onions are basically only canned offered in the glass. The silver onion is visually very similar to the pearl onion, but it belongs to a different family. The onions are suitable for raw consumption as well as for the decoration of various dishes, on toast as well as meat and vegetables.

Winter onion (Allium fistulosum)

The winter onion is known as spring or spring onion. Visually, this variety is more reminiscent of leeks.

Winter onions in the garden
Winter onions are usually cultivated in climatic regions where conventional onions do not grow well. Also the condition of the soil can be with the cultivation of decision.Winter onions are planted in the autumn, the frost in winter does not bother the plants. Therefore, the planting can also be done quite late in the year. A few months later, in spring, the winter onion is ready for harvest.

Appearance of winter onion
The winter onion has hollow, green, long stems, at the bottom it has a white thickening with fine roots. The appearance is very different from that of the other types of onions, but nevertheless the leek onion has the same ingredients as the conventional kitchen onion. In the winter onion, all parts can be used in the kitchen, it is only cut off the bottom end with the roots.

Use of winter onion
The green stems are often used as a spice, because they have a very intense aroma. You can use them either raw or cooked. Winter onions are stored in the fridge, where they last up to a week. The winter onion is also used in medicine, it acts like a natural antibiotic, can reduce fever and fight inflammation.

Video Board: Onions 101.

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