The Content Of The Article:
- Greater garden through optical illusion
- Good room layout
- Visual axes and points of view
- Symmetry creates harmony
The goal of any good garden designer is to stage a garden. To achieve this goal, he must do something that initially sounds very negative: he must manipulate the viewer and use tricks for optical illusion. This manipulation happens subtly and unnoticed, in that the designer directs the observer's gaze, influences his sense of space and arouses his curiosity. He has a whole set of design rules available to him.
Greater garden through optical illusion
Owners of terraced gardens often fail to visually alter the proportions of their long and narrow grounds. Unconsciously, they emphasize the depth of the room with long, narrow flower beds along the boundaries of the property, instead of making it shorter and broader by deliberately arranging certain design elements such as plants, hedges, walls or fences. Even a curved line with constrictions and widening of the central lawn change the perception of the proportions. Visible barriers, which obscure the view of the rear garden part, also interrupt the hose action. In addition, they make the garden seem larger, because the viewer can not capture the proportions of the property at a glance.
Good room layout
An extreme example of space formation: The area behind the hedge is not visible and can only be reached through the rose arch and the bow of the hedge beyond
Each house has several rooms. Even if these are not separated by walls and doors, as is often the case in the living and dining areas, the architect tries to distinguish the different living areas from each other by wall gaps, furniture or differences in floor level. In garden design, a good room layout is also one of the keys to a harmonious overall picture. And as with the design of a residential building, the individual garden rooms do not necessarily have to be strongly separated from each other by hedges or walls. Even perennial beds, which protrude into a lawn, or simply another flooring often create a new garden space. Seats in the garden are perceived as a separate room if they have their own flooring or are surrounded by a flowerbed. An open pergola is also perfect for delimiting individual garden areas.
This terraced garden consists of four rooms. The terrace is adjoined by the front part of the lawn. It is separated from the rear by staggered hedges. The pergola forms a fourth garden space
The extent to which the individual garden rooms should be optically separated depends not least on their use. A vegetable garden or a compost corner, for example, is usually more defined than a seat.
The transitions from one garden room to the next can take place casually and unnoticed or be staged downright. A hedgerow or two stone figures as gatekeepers highlight an entrance, while two offset shrubs provide an unnoticed transition. The second variant is in many cases more effective, because the viewer often perceives the new room only when he has already entered it and discovered new details of the garden, which were previously hidden from him. On the other hand, if the entrance is visually staged, the viewer already has a certain expectation when entering the new room, and the element of surprise is smaller.
Visual axes and points of view
Visual axes and points of view are the garden designer's most important tools for directing the viewer's gaze. Already in the naturalistically landscaped landscape parks of the Romantic era, the designers deliberately built visual axes, at the end of which a particularly beautiful group of trees or a building stood as a focal point, or which revealed the view into the open landscape.
Visual axis and point of view: The cherub at the end of the arcade of flowering roses captures the view. The break in the visual axis in the foreground indicates that it is crossed by a second axis
In the home garden, the distances and thus the viewpoints are of course much smaller: on large sites, for example, a pavilion or a stand-alone flowering shrub can serve as a focal point. In small gardens a sculpture, a beautiful vase or a birdbath serves the same purpose. Optical illusion also plays a major role in the design of visual axes and points of view: a narrow, linear path emphasizes the length of the axis and makes the garden look larger. A small figure or plant as a focal point at the end of the axis can amplify the effect.
The visual axes should begin at frequently used places in the garden, for example at the seat, at the garden gate or at the patio door.Viewing points or lookout points, which suddenly open to the side of the main axis and release the view of an object that was previously invisible from the perspective, provide a surprise. This is possible if the viewpoint is shielded to the other sides, for example, as in the photo with a bowered arcade.
Tip: Use the existing paths in your garden and simply add an attractive eye-catcher to the optical line. The course can be emphasized by a low enclosure, such as boxwood or lady's mantle. Vision axes can also run across the garden pond or the lawn.
Symmetry creates harmony
From the bench extends a wonderful view of the optically opening book hedges
Especially small gardens, an orderly, symmetrical design, as was common during the Baroque, well to face, because a clear structure looks inviting and harmonious. One reason for the effect is that such a garden perfectly continues the geometric lines of the house. Important elements are for example a linear routing and circular or square beds. To emphasize the clear outlines of the beds, stone edges or cut edged boxwood (Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' or 'Blue Heinz') are suitable.
Impressive symmetry effects are also created by cut shrubs and hedges. In addition to the well-known boxwood hornbeam, privet, yew, cherry laurel, linden and holly (Ilex) are recommended. But make sure to always reintroduce naturally growing plants in the symmetrical garden design. A pair of flowering hydrangeas or summer flowers can adorn the path or receive the visitor at the house entrance. The symmetry effect is preserved if you use the same plants on both sides.