Multiply orchids by offspring and kindel - instructions


The Content Of The Article:

Orchidaceae - Orchids Oncidium

If the aspects of a professional care of orchids have become a matter of course, the hobby gardener lures the challenge of breeding offspring of other specimens on their own. The uncomplicated vegetative propagation produces seedlings that resemble their mother plant in all attributes. In addition, the method scores with thriving results in a short time, because it is based on the use of reproductive plant components. The following instructions explain practice-oriented, how you multiply orchids by offspring and Kindel.

Instructions for propagation with offshoots

Some of the noblest members of the multi-faceted orchid family are recommended for propagation with offshoots in the form of head cuttings. This circumstance is based on monopdial growth. With this term, orchid gardeners define the development of a single shoot that is richly leafy at the base and crowned with a racemose inflorescence. A famous genus with this attribute is the enchanting Vanda orchid with its magnificent species and hybrids. With a little luck, the leaf axils or directly from the trunk spring small aerial roots, whereupon a delicate shoot develops. Pay special attention to the side shoot for a few weeks, and you will have a vital head cuttler - an invaluable gem for every orchid friend. Follow these steps:
  • Promote the growth of small aerial roots by wrapping them in moist sphagnum
  • Keep this moss pack constantly slightly moist with lime-free water
  • If the offshoot has reached a height of 20 centimeters and more, cut off with a sharp blade
  • Fill a transparent pot with orchid substrate to plant the cutting 5-6 cm deep
  • Pour sparingly in the partially shady, warm window seat
This form of reproduction also acts as a rejuvenation when a single shoot thrives and becomes too long. In this case, separate the end of the drive with a length of 35-40 centimeters. The more air roots are above the interface, the more promising the process. Plant this headstock in a mixture of substrate and sphagnum. The orchid trimmed in this way drives out again within a short time, so that a compact habit is restored.
Tip: For all cutting work on orchids, meticulously disinfected, freshly sharpened tools are used. Each tissue wound is treated with pure charcoal powder to prevent infection.

Kindel

One of the leading orchid species scores not only with an uncomplicated care, but produces almost fully trained daughter plants. We are talking about Phalaenopsis, known as the moth orchid. Other popular genres also perform this botanical masterpiece, such as the graceful, terrestrial Calanthe or the abundantly thriving, Epipyhtic Epidendrum. If you thrive on the flower stalks or in the area of ​​the bulbous, small, leafy shoots, your orchid gives you with a Kindel or Keiki. Allow the little one several months to develop long roots and at least 2 leaves on the mother plant. Then the mini-orchid is mature enough that it can be used for propagation. Visually recognizable is the right time on a yellow discoloration of the connection of Kindel and mother plant. This is how it works:
  • Cut off the daughter plant with a knife or razor blade
  • Planting in special pine soil or a mix of peat, osmunda fibers, expanded clay and vermiculite
  • Put a transparent, perforated hood over the vessel
  • Ideally, a heated mini greenhouse is available

Orchidaceae - Orchids Vanda

While the popular Phalaenopsis copes well with the normal indoor climate, other orchids require increased humidity. In this case, humidifiers are a good solution, an indoor fountain or bowls filled with water.

to water

  • All orchids prefer room-warm, lime-poor water
  • Alternatively, treat yourself to a dip once a week
  • Alternatively, pour regularly or spray with soft water
Regardless of the unmanageable variety of orchids, they all prefer a humid substrate. With waterlogging or extreme drought, the tropical beauties do not want to be confronted.

Fertilize

  • Fertilize every 4 to 6 weeks during the growing season
  • Use a special orchid fertilizer in low concentration
  • Alternatively, administer fertilizer sticks
  • Never apply liquid fertilizer to dried substrates
Avoid the use of a classic flower fertilizer. The salt concentration herein is harmful to orchids. The roots suffer irreparable burns.

substratum

  • For young orchids, use extra fine crumbled pine soil
  • Additionally crush the pine bark with your hands so that the tiny roots gain a foothold
  • Addition of pure charcoal reduces the risk of rot in wet conditions
  • Moist sphagnum gives extra stability in the first few months
It is recommended to sterilize any substrate before use. This is easily done in a fireproof container in the oven at 150 degrees within 30 minutes or at 800 watts in the microwave within 10 minutes.

To cut

  • Each orchid species is cut individually
  • Basically cut only withered and withered plant parts
  • Cut off excess bulbs without leaves after flowering
  • Only kill aerial roots when there is no life left
  • Only remove leaves when they are completely withered
ConclusionIf the proper care of orchids has become your second nature, the self-propagation exerts an irresistible appeal. Do not dream anymore of a successful offspring of your noble flower beauties, because according to these instructions the plan will succeed. Absolutely recommended is the vegetative propagation, because you have reproductive plant parts available, from which an exact copy of a mother plant is produced. In contrast, the generative propagation by sowing proves to be very tedious, because at the earliest after 8 to 10 years, you may be happy about a first flowering. To multiply orchids by offspring and Kindel, however, is rewarded with a little luck already after a year with fresh flowers. If you do not have a cutt or Keiki, the division is also available as an uncomplicated alternative.

Video Board: From Travels In Alaska by John Muir - FULL AudioBook - Naturalism & Outdoor Adventure.

Β© 2019 EN.Garden-Landscape.com. All Rights Reserved. When Copying Materials - The Reverse Link Is Required | Site Map