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The lawn is a problem child in many gardens. Moss and weeds spread, the clover flowers, as well as dandelion and other flowers, in places there are bleak spots or yellow spots.
Either the lawn grows too fast, so you have to mow twice a week or it grows only weak and thin. Waterlogging, lack of light, lack of humus, soil acidification or soil condensation can be at fault.
Envious look some on the great lawn of the neighbors. "How does he do that?". The secret is usually due to the correct fertilization. You can fertilize the lawn in many ways and do a lot wrong or just right.
How can a lawn be fertilized? Types of fertilization:
- A distinction is made between organic fertilizers, mineral fertilizers and organic-mineral fertilizers. There are also depot fertilizers.
- Organic fertilizers are natural fertilizers. These include horn shavings, sterilized chicken manure, bone meal or grains and molasses. They work by transforming organic materials. However, the effect will only come after a few weeks and months, since this is a lengthy process. Soil organisms are responsible for the transformation and that takes its time, which is why one speaks of long-term fertilizer.
- Mineral fertilizers such as blue-grain and Epsom salts are mainly produced artificially or extracted from mines. The ingredients are mixed. Their speed of action or drug release is very fast. Missing nutrients are readily available. They are durable. However, overfertilization can damage the plant tissue and damage the soil and groundwater. Natural soil organisms are based on exclusive mineral fertilization. Often only a short aha effect is achieved. In the long term, the results are not very good at turf.
- Organic mineral fertilizers offer the benefits of both first-mentioned fertilizers. They look fast and long-lasting. The long-term effect lasts for 8 to 12 weeks. These fertilizers are easy to use, they work quickly and reliably. It is good that the soil life is enriched: In this way sustainable soil is taken care of.
- Depot fertilizer works the longest, between 3 and 12 months, depending on the variety, but is a mineral fertilizer. In this fertilizer, the nutrients are enveloped, so it can not come as the normal mineral fertilizer to burns. The active ingredients are released over a long period of time. This is due to the pores that encase the grains. Water can penetrate through them, loosen nutrients and re-emerge as fertilizer. Nutrient delivery usually takes place at temperatures above 10° C.
- A fertilizer is enough for a few months, usually three.
- The delivery of the active ingredients is slow, depending on needs and weather.
- The lawn receives exactly the amount of fertilizer it needs and that over a long period of time.
- There is no over-fertilization.
- Easy application
- Due to its organic substance, the fertilizer improves the soil structure, the water, air and heat balance and activates the soil life.
- Densification, waterlogging and soil acidification is prevented.
- No harmful effect on soil and drinking water.
- The soil organisms must first convert the nutrients that they can be ingested, that lasts.
- It may be that only organically fertilized lawns form moss, as this happens in the case of nutrient deficiency (initially).
- The benefits of the depot fertilizer are similar to those of the long-term fertilizer.
- The nutrient delivery lasts but up to six months.
- Nutrient delivery can be tailored by enveloping nutrients.
- The heavy encapsulated balls can be spread quickly and evenly on the sometimes large lawns.
- The summer fertilization can be omitted.
- Fertilization per year is sufficient.
- The lawn grows evenly as the nutrients are released evenly.
- The high price first appears as a disadvantage. But if you calculate that you need less fertilizer per year, it is not that expensive anymore. Normal fertilizer must be fertilized at least three times a year, with slow-release fertilizer twice, with depot fertilizer only once.
- No natural, so organic fertilizer, but mineral fertilizer.
Both mineral and organic fertilizers have their advantages and disadvantages. Anyone who can handle any of these types of fertilizer can still try organic mineral fertilizer. This is often used, because the other two are usually not ideal. The mineral content provides for a fast, the organic for a long-term effect. Burns are rare.The water and nutrient capacity of the soil is improved. If you want to test the differences of the fertilizer on your lawn, you simply have to divide it into three sections, fertilize it differently, but treat the lawn otherwise. The differences are clearly visible. In the coming year you can then use the best fertilizer.