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If the term oriental poppy appears rather unknown at first sight, this plant species certainly knows the common name fire poppy, garden poppy or perennial poppy.
Also the term Turkish poppy will be familiar to many flower lovers.
A special feature of this belonging to the family poppy plant is undoubtedly the magnificent bowl-shaped flower. In her orange-red to deep red leaves dress, she actually looks extremely oriental and at the same time symbolizes the tremendous power and opulence of nature.
The poppy blossoms, which are up to fifteen centimeters in diameter, are much more robust than the filigree petals of the bright red poppy, not only because of their size. Oriental poppy is native to Iran and much of Turkey, but it is also native to the Caucasus or Iran.
The plant also reached Germany via numerous routes over the past three hundred years. Through further breeding the Oriental poppy seeds could become a very popular ornamental plant for the garden area.
Many interesting-looking varieties are available in the trade, including many-colored, filled or fringed, guaranteed to attract attention from visitors and curious neighbors.
Seeds and sowing of oriental poppy
In the months of May and June the oriental poppy flowers. The plants can be pollinated on the one hand by insects, on the other hand also by self-pollination of the hermaphrodite flowers.
Around August, the seeds of the plant are ripe. These look kidney-shaped and have a net-like structure. Inside they contain an oily nutrient tissue. The pore capsule, which forms the poppy plant, has about a length of three centimeters and grows upright club-shaped from the center of the flower.
Below the scar, the capsule fruit opens and releases its seeds through numerous holes. The wind throws them out and spreads the seeds over long distances. In addition to self-sowing and spreading by foothills, Oriental poppies can also be propagated after flowering by dividing larger perennials.
The seeds, which are usually very numerous in the capsules, can also be selectively removed and sown again at desired locations. Reproduction via root cuttings, which are removed in winter, is also possible.
What kind of care does Oriental poppy need?
The oriental poppy is very durable and uncomplicated - provided that he gets the right plant location. This must be warm and sunny. In the south, the Oriental poppy thrives particularly well.
The plant is naturally quite vigorous, so it grows well without any extra nutrients on fresh permeable soils. Nevertheless, the Oriental poppy will respond gratefully to occasional composting in autumn or spring.
For the health of the plant and its deep-growing tap roots, the soil must not be too wet, because the poppy does not tolerate waterlogging.
Some distance can not hurt
A heavy but nutrient-rich clay soil can be loosened up with sand so that it is suitable for planting with poppy. The space requirement of the crop is another important criterion in the choice of location.
This is because, above all else, consideration must be given to the fact that plants can assume considerable proportions in the very first year and tend to overgrow smaller plants. For this reason, it is advisable to observe a planting distance of at least 50 to a maximum of 80 centimeters.
Once you have decided on the location of your oriental poppy, it should not be transplanted because of its strong root. Already in summer, the leaves of the poppy seed, but drift again in autumn. As a result, the plant winters green.
Easy care and visually appealing
The easy-care perennial plant is frost hardy and needs no special winter protection. Likewise, it usually withstands dry phases without any problems. Well suited neighboring plants for the oriental poppy are for example English roses, larkspur or Goldenrod.