Ornamental Tree - Varieties & Care - Is it poisonous or edible?

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Basically, a regular pruning like the culture apple is not necessary. It is only useful to clear out the crown, as ornamental apples are also prone to apple scab - and the disease preferably breaks out if the growth is too dense. The Auslichten and the removal of deadwood takes place in autumn or winter. Younger trees can take a parenting cut to achieve a nice growth habit. Should a rejuvenation be necessary, even radical cutbacks are usually unproblematic. With shrubs you can remove old branches quietly near the ground.


Almost all ornamental apple species and varieties are hardy and need, at least if they are planted in the garden, no additional winter protection. This is only useful for specimens cultivated in pots, as here the roots are more exposed and freeze faster. Place the pot on a wooden or styrofoam pad and wrap it with fleece. In addition, setting up in a more sheltered location - for example, in front of a house wall - is advisable.

Diseases and pests

Ornamental apples are afflicted by the same diseases as their great relatives. Typical are fungal diseases such as apple scab and mildew, which can be well avoided by an airy location and a light crown. Furthermore, there are pests such as, for example, spider moths or their caterpillars. They mainly eat the buds and young leaves and should be fought in a timely manner - otherwise they eat the trees quickly bald.
The apple tree is probably one of the most commonly planted fruit trees in Central Europe. Closely related to the cultivated apple is the ornamental apple, both of which belong to the botanical group Malus and belong to the rose family. In contrast to the cultivated apple ornamental apples are, however, much smaller, the fruits are only pea to walnut size. There are around 500 different species and varieties that differ significantly in their habitus. Ornamental apples are planted mainly for their high jewelry value, however, the fruits are also edible - but not nearly as sweet as the conventional apple, but bitter to bitter. You can, however, use them for preserving jams and jellies, some varieties also taste fresh from the tree.

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