Overgrown fig tree (Ficus carica)


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Overgrown fig tree (Ficus carica): winter

Especially in areas such as Africa, China or Mexico, the fig tree is grown on plantations. In Germany it is usually created as an ornamental plant in the gardens. Due to its size, the tree is rather unsuitable for keeping the house. Fig trees, which are imported to Germany, mostly come from Spain, Italy, Turkey or Greece. In the shops, the trees are sold with the name "Winterhart", which has only limited correctness. For a short time the fig trees tolerate temperatures of up to minus 15 degrees. The permanent temperature load usually causes the tree to die off. Likewise, temperature fluctuations cause the death of the tree. The change between warm and cold lets the tree expire and freeze in a short time.

Hibernate outdoors

In areas where temperatures are mild, such as in wine-growing areas, "hardy" trees can survive. These plants have fruits even in cold temperatures. The location decides both about the taste, as well as about getting through the winter. Young plants should be free from frost for the first three to five years. Only after this time, the fig tree has developed stable, so that the delicate roots can survive the winter. Therefore, it is advisable to grow the tree first in a pot or bucket. After this time, the young plant can be released outdoors. The location is optimal when it is sunny and sheltered from the wind. On a house wall, which is located on the southern slope, the tree is optimally protected and can spend excellent winter at this point. It should be noted, however, that the fig tree is strongly growing. It takes at least two to three square meters of space to unfold.
The soil must be sufficiently protected from the onset of frost. Suitable for this is grass clippings or a mulch layer. This provides sufficient protection for the soil and does not allow frost. Wood wool, gravel, gravel or foliage is just as well suited. Waterlogging is also prevented by these materials. The fig tree receives in this way an optimal environment for the winter. If you want to do something good for the tree, you can also attach protective branches to the trunk. It is also advisable to apply a winter protection. Here, the fig tree must be completely defoliated. The branches are tied together and attached to a trellis. To remove the winter protection again, no ground frost may be present. Another trick to bring the tree safely through the winter is the liming of the visible roots and the trunk. The lime prevents the sun from warming the tree too much on warm winter days - the sunlight is optimally reflected.

Hibernate in buckets

Hibernating the fig tree in the house is an easy method if the plant is still young and small. The tree leaves its leaves in autumn, which allows it to hibernate in a place that is dark. Once the first frost has come, you can bring the fig tree inside. The temperature may be around 10 degrees here. Before the tree is again released into the open, he should spend some time in an interim accommodation. The tree first has to get used to the sun and the warmer temperatures. An optimal interim accommodation is a bright, wind-protected room. As soon as the first leaf shoots are visible, the tree can leave the interim shelter.

figs


Another method is to overwinter the fig tree in a bright and sheltered place. The temperatures must be between two and eight degrees. This method prevents the tree from peeling.

Fertilize and care in winter

In winter, the tree needs no fertilizer. It is enough if the tree receives enough fertilizer again in the spring. Water should only be given so much so that the soil does not dry out.

Temporary accommodation before spring

After the winter in the house, the plant must first be brought back to the outside temperatures and sunlight. In addition, she should only start again with the Blattaustrieb. Therefore, a light, sheltered location should be chosen as an interim shelter before being exposed outdoors to direct sunlight.
Another way to overwinter the fig tree is to hibernate in a bright but cool location. The temperatures are here at 2 to 8 degrees Celsius. This wintering method prevents the fig tree from dropping its leaves.
After overwintering, the fig tree can be brought back into the open from about March, but - as mentioned above - in a sheltered place.
Conclusion
The fig tree survives the winter well in Germany, if it is sufficiently protected from temperature fluctuations and frost.Young plants, however, are better kept in tubs for the first three to five years, which can overwinter in closed rooms.

Video Board: The Fruiting Fig Tree Profile - Prune Like a Pro.

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