The Content Of The Article:
- Fruit cultivation in small gardens
- Fruit growing in large gardens
- Fruit highlights in the garden
Fruit plants have the advantage over vegetables that they do not have to be replanted every year. Over many years, they bear fruit and thus ensure a rich harvest.
Anyone who has ever had a fruit tree in the garden knows how easy-care and high yielding such plants can be. This not only the own supply, but also the neighbors with secured. In addition, the plants are not only practical in terms of the harvest, they also visually beautify the garden and provide a shady spot in the summer.
Since fruit trees and shrubs are planted for many years, the garden design should be thought about the exact location where the plant should grow. The size and space requirements are geared to the needs of the crop. Sunny, partially shaded or shady locations decide on the future yield and growth of the respective variety.
The size of the garden and your own preference for certain fruits decide which and how many fruit plants can be planted.
Fruit cultivation in small gardens
Even people with small gardens or even terraces do not have to do without the fruit plants. There are some fruit bushes that can be perfectly accommodated in pots. These include Johannis or gooseberries. Even fruit trees can be realized on a small area.
There are special breeding forms such as pillar fruit trees. These are adapted in size and growth form in little space. Originally they were grown as Naschobst - because the fruit is easy to reach and easy to harvest.
Maintaining the columnar fruit is not much more complicated than with other fruit trees. In potted plants, however, attention must be paid to a necessary water supply. Fertilize in spring and shape cutting in summer are also included. In addition, there is the column fruit trees for all sorts of fruit (more information on this at Gartenbista).
The pillared fruit trees also have the advantage of finding their place in larger gardens. Here they usually work in the form of a large fruit hedge as a garden divider or as a colorful mixed fruit supply as an eye-catcher.
Fruit growing in large gardens
The larger your own garden, the more design options there are when planting your own fruit. From large orchards to theme gardens, the imagination knows no bounds.
With enough space, the opportunity should be used to grow different types of fruit. Different flowering and ripening periods allow for a profitable harvest almost all year round. The first strawberries can already be harvested in May. The plants themselves should already be planted at the latest in the early autumn of the previous year.
You can harvest the aromatic red fruits until July. In June, gooseberries, early apricot varieties and summer raspberries are added. The main berry season is then in July and August. Raspberries, gooseberries, blueberries and redcurrants, and many other species give a rich harvest at this time.
Fruit harvest until autumn
This is followed by stone fruit and pome fruit plants. Depending on the variety, plums, cherries, apples, pears and apricots can be harvested until October.
When harvesting, the shelf life of each fruit variety should also be taken into account. Apples and pears can be stored very well for several months. This should only be used fruits that have no quirks, otherwise they rot quickly and the remaining fruits infect, They should be stored carefully in open crates so that air can reach the fruit. It is best to store the boxes in a dark, cool basement room.
Other types of fruit such as berries, apricots or plums can not be stored for a long period of time. Here is the fruit to process or preserve directly. Classic preservation options are the freezing of berry fruit or boiling to jam or mus. Especially popular is the direct processing of delicious fruits in cakes and desserts.
The selection of cultivable fruit is getting bigger and bigger for every hobby gardener. In addition to the classic types of fruit, there are also more and more exotic varieties from originally warmer climes. This not only gives the garden a touch of exoticism, but also extends the harvest with many delicacies.
Fruit highlights in the garden
A garden highlight that not everyone has and is also very healthy, is the pomegranate tree. It is considered very robust, but requires a lot of light and heat. Therefore, it must be kept in a bucket so that it can be brought in during the winter.
Since the tree takes some years to bear fruit enough, a suitable transport device for the bucket must be provided here.This will allow the up to five meter high trees to be brought outside in the summer. The harvest time of the red fruits is between July and August. A proper care for pomegranate trees also ensures a healthy and long-lasting plant.
What also does not have everyone in his garden, is a spreading fig tree. This can be firmly planted in the garden soil, but requires a sufficiently sunny place. Again, it takes a few years until a larger harvest is expected.
The harvest time depends on the fig variety and the heat in the summer. Some fig trees bear their fruits in July and September or October, others only in September and October. The warmer the summer, the sooner the sweet fruits ripen.
In the care of this fruit is quite straightforward. Between March and September, it is recommended to give the tree some fertilizer so that it can put more energy into its fruits. Otherwise, it can be brought into shape by a slight cut in the spring. A radical cut is to be avoided, however, as this has a negative effect on the number of fruits.