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The cycad fern is a further development of the ferns, but without having reached the evolutionary stage of the palms. It is a fossil. The Palmfarn belongs to the modern flowering plants. He does not plant like spores on the ferns. Palm ferns are usually sold as young plants. Then they are still quite small. Cycas revoluta can become several hundred years old. They grow extremely slowly.
It is best to cultivate cycads in our tub. In the summer they belong outside. Year round in the room is not so cheap for the flourishing of the plants.
LocationThe palm fern needs a bright, full sun as possible site. If you put out the bucket again after hibernation, you must slowly get used to the plant again to the sun. The fern can get sunburned. The burns remain long because of the slow growth. Even with too much sun in the summer outside it can come to burns, but this is rather rare and usually occurs when the farm is not yet used to the sun.
Important for the location inside is that the light does not come from one direction only, otherwise the newly formed fronds grow only in one direction and not all around.
plant substrateThe plant substrate should be impermeable. For older specimens you can use commercially available flower or cactus soil, but make sure that no peat is included. Drainage in the planter makes sense, because waterlogging does not get the plants. Cycas revoluta likes to grind coarse-grained soil, mixed with lava, expanded clay or gravel, with some loam and humus.
maintenanceThe Palmfarn comes out with little water. The plant substrate should not be too moist, but it should never dry out completely. The more you pour it in the summer, the stronger its growth. Waterlogging is unhealthy. Pour so much that the soil is well moistened to the bottom of the pot. The next time you pour only when the substrate is well dried. The palm farm likes it warm, but also copes with adverse circumstances.
It is important that the plant may not be changed during the formation of the fronds. Even turning the pot must be avoided, otherwise the fronds grow crooked. Only the transfer from the room to the outside is sensible and advisable, if the temperatures allow it.
Cycas revoluta likes to wipe its leaves wet from time to time.
FertilizeAs the palm farm grows slowly, it hardly needs fertilizer. During the time when new fronds are forming, one can fertilize once a week with a green plant fertilizer. Otherwise, it is sufficient to provide once a month with the same fertilizer for nutrients.
cutWhen a new leaf wreath sprouts, the lowest and oldest wreath dies. These leaves are cut off, but only when they are completely dried.
overwinterThe plant is granted as soon as night frosts are announced. Hibernation is best done in a cool room at about 5 ºC. It should not be more than 15 ºC, then the plant starts to grow and dissipate. Ideal is when it is a bright room. If the cycad fern is overwintered in a normal room, it must be given early to avoid an increase in temperature during placement and thus a growth impulse.
to buyThe smallest cycads are available from about 15 euros. If you have time, you can try growing a seed. Seeds are also available in stores, for a unit price of 1.5 to 5 euros.
The location should be bright, but direct sunlight should be avoided. In summer, the plant can be confidently placed on a bright, airy place on the terrace, or on the balcony. Regular watering is needed, but waterlogging should be avoided. In winter, the water requirement decreases, here you should only make sure that the root ball does not dry out completely. A high humidity is desired. In summer you should spray the plant again and again with the hand sprayer - with stale and lime-poor water. High humidity is very important, especially in spring at the beginning of the growth phase (new release).
The nutrient requirement is also very low due to the slow growth and the low water requirement. It is best to fertilize Cycas revoluta with cow manure, which is dissolved in the water. Of these, the plant often tolerates a small dose. Those who use liquid fertilizers should pay attention to a particularly low dosage. If commercially available flower fertilizers are used, they should only be given in a 0.05% solution. For repotting, the period in spring, before the shoot, or the summer. It is important that the plants are repotted in a plant pot that is not too big. The palm fern needs a sandy-loamy soil, but also unit earth, which was mixed with sand, is suitable.
The propagation is possible through mature seeds, but success can not be promised. The propagation is extremely difficult for the carpenter. However, if you want to try it, you can try to get ripe seeds. It is sown in a warm house, whereby a floor temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius must be respected. Cycas revoluta is one of the most robust plants. Pests are only to be expected if the winter is too dry and too warm. Here are mealybugs in question, which can be seen on small, wattebauschähnlichen structures on the fronds. These are easily released with a soap-alcohol solution. Then you should clean the leaves with clear, low-limp water.