Successfully overwinter pampas grass

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Pampas grass - Cortaderia selloana

The pampas grass reaches heights between 45 cm and 300 cm, the leaves can reach lengths of up to 2 meters. However, eye catchers are the soft panicles, which grow upright in the same way as feather dusters. Their color is mostly silvery white, sometimes yellowish or even reddish. Pampas grass "flowers" in the period between August and November.

Origin of pampas grass

American pampas grass comes, as one might expect, from the American, more specifically from the South American area. It occurs in Brazil, Uruguay and Chile, but also in Argentina in the Pampa. Pampas grass especially loves sandy and silty soils. The varieties in Central Europe are called:
  • 'Andes Silver' with cream colored fronds
  • 'Pumila' with silver-white fronds
  • 'Patagonia' with reddish fronds
  • Sunningdale Silver flowers white-silver
Although the original home of Pampas Grass is quite different than in our Central Europe, the plant has become accustomed to the climatic conditions over time. That was perhaps not as difficult as one might suspect, because actually the origin of the plant is also the reason for the robustness. Those who are at home in the rough nature of the pampas will not be so annoyed by the soil and climate conditions in German gardens. The soil there is nutrient-rich enough to resemble the soil in Europe. The temperatures there have a continental character and make no big difference.
Tip: A sunny location is just right for the pampas grass.
So the pampas grass has become over time a perennial with a lot of endurance, which does not take offense so quickly and is now also available in hardware stores with garden department for a reasonable price in the container.

The right location

As described earlier, the pampas grass comes from the South American region. On the one hand, this means that the perennial can tolerate cool temperatures at night and the sun during the day, but this does not apply to every season. A few clues to the ideal location:
  • he should be warm
  • sunny
  • nutritious soil
  • slight dryness possible
If the pampas grass is to be replanted, a time after the ice saints in mid-May is ideal. A Pampasgrasstaude looks very beautiful as a sole plant, but also in the neighborhood of miscanthus or other tall grasses. When the soil is treated with compost, the pampas grass gets all the nutrients it needs. Nevertheless, even a subsequent gift of organic fertilizer can not hurt him. A very nice place can be assigned to him in the middle of the garden, if there should be created a point of view. Even in front gardens it is often to find, where it provides with its fronds for an unusual ambience.
Tip: The fronds look very nice in a large floor vase.

Pampas grass - Cortaderia selloana

Pampas grass prefers a sunny and sheltered location. If the soil is nutrient-rich, it will grow quickly and form the inflorescences. The winter can not hurt him as long as he is not very wet.

Care and fertilization

If the pampas grass has grown well, some garden owners may wonder if the perennial will survive the wintertime well. However, when the right arrangements are made, it is not as difficult as some people think. Until the winter, the pampas grass is not cut back. It should form its beautiful long leaves, that gives him only the right appearance. Only in the spring next year can the outer leaves be cut back, not the new shoots in the middle, but only the older ones from the previous year.
As autumn approaches the end, the pampas grass should be tied up. That is, it is lifted from the outer edge and tied in the middle like a tuft. It is important to protect the heart of the plant - the center. Especially moisture and moisture may not have the pampas grass in the middle. If you still tie a fleece or pine branches, stick around with them or put leaves on the middle, this additionally protects and gives off natural warmth. However, the grass should not be wrapped up with foil.

Propagation and pests

  • For propagation, the rootstock of the pampas grass can be divided: Simply take a spade and cut off the desired size.
  • Another method of propagation is to use new plants from seeds. The seeds can either be placed in small pots with composting soil or they can immediately be placed in a bucket.
For sowing from seeds but you need temperatures of 20° C, so it can be started in the early summer or earlier under appropriate conditions in the greenhouse. So the small plants find their location in time, which should then be prepared accordingly with fertilizer or compost.If you do not want to do this work, you will find small container plants in the garden shop, which grow up quite quickly to a splendid specimen. Pests hardly ever attack pampas grass. Only the wetness in the middle of the plant is a serious factor.

Pampas grass in winter

Pampas grass is somewhat hardy, but should be protected from too much moisture. This will be easier to accomplish in a container plant than in freely planted specimens. However: Pampas grass in a bucket needs better protection of the roots against the cold. In his case, the bucket should be wrapped with an insulating material such as bubble wrap. In addition, we recommend a very sheltered place near the wall of the house, where it is not too windy. Against the moisture, the long leaves and flowers can be bound together and possibly additionally protected with a fleece or a bamboo mat.

Pampas grass - Cortaderia selloana

Especially with the potted plants, however, it is important to ensure that they get enough water even in winter, because the pampas grass evaporates like all evergreen plants even in winter water over its leaves. At very low minus temperatures or prolonged frosts, it is advisable to bring the pot in a winter quarters. There, the plant should be airy and cool, light, however, is not essential, so a basement room is suitable for this purpose. In the apartment, the pampas grass should not stand, because it is too warm there.

Pruning after the winter

Pampas grass is cut back in the spring so that cold and moisture can not penetrate into the hollow blades and destroy them. These stalks provide a natural protection for the heart of the plant, protect against root rot and should therefore be preserved. Only after the end of winter are all old leaves cut back to within a hand's breadth of the ground. The plant then drifts again from the ground and reaches its original size again until autumn. If it comes after the cut yet again to a winter, the bucket can still be placed in a frost-free place.

Video Board: How to Overwinter Ornamental Grass.

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