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The beautiful Panama hat plant is native to the South America area. Even in tropical and subtropical areas, this unique palm has spread.
The Panama hat plant with its palm-like fan leaves which are very long-stalked, is becoming more and more popular. After the inconspicuous flowering time, a 30 cm long fruit flask forms, which rises with increasing maturity and shows the red pulp. The palm-like fan leaves of Carludovica have the beautiful plant named Panama Hat Palma introduced because it very much resembles a palm tree.
Panama hat plant - indoor culture plant
Despite the unusual name, this plant is not a palm tree, this plant is a tall shrub that is ideal for indoor cultivation in pots, especially in Central Europe.
The Panama hat palm is cultivated in our latitudes more and more as a houseplant. This palm is in need of warmth and above all a high humidity.
The location of this wonderful palm should be as much as possible that is bright. Furthermore, this beautiful palm tree should stand so that it can enjoy year-round in a warm location. Nevertheless, caution: Direct sunlight does not like this type of palm, as it is a rainforest plant.
A good location is, for example, the bathroom with window, since the high humidity is the Palm species needed.
The hibernation of the plant is not so difficult, if one adheres to the following valuable rules: Bright and warm location, which should apply to this plant as a rule of thumb. Nevertheless, with extremely dry heating air the Panama hat plant must be sprayed increasingly with water, so that an artificial and above all sufficient humidity can be produced. Most important, however, is that the room temperature never falls below 16 degrees, which does not like the panama hat plant at all.
As a fairly easy-care plant, it needs a plant substrate with normal plant soil, which can be purchased in every Bauhaus or garden center. However, this potting soil should be mixed with perlite, sand and kokohum.
When watering should always be paid to the following maxim that the soil of the plant is kept moist regularly. Here, however, applies: less is more! Although the soil should always be slightly damp, there must be no jamming wetness.
Like most other plants, the Panama hat palm needs fertilizer.
The fertilizer should be added in the form of liquid fertilizer or in the form of sticks in the period from April to September at regular intervals of the plants with the irrigation water. After the purchase fertilizing or repotting the palm tree in the first six to eight weeks is not necessary.
Quick Reference Care
Panama hat palm - care
- The location of the palm: should be light to partial shade, a bit morning / evening sun, winter sun
- Watering: keep it evenly moist
- Temperature: Room temperature all year, not below 16° C in winter
- Fertilizer: semi-concentrated, liquid fertilizer from April to September monthly, chopsticks
- Substrate: potting soil
An increase of the Panama hat palm is not that difficult. The reproduction takes place via a division of the plant or via seeds. Sowing is independent of the season and can be done year round. Kokohum has proved to be the substrate here, although a mixture of perlite and sand can also be used.
So that the seeds can germinate, a temperature of 24 to 28° C is needed. In this case, the substrate must be kept permanently moist. Damp; not wet! In order to produce a high humidity, you can put a plastic bag over the culture container.
Despite its beauty, the Panama hat palm is very often haunted by spider mites.
- German name of the palm-like plant: Panama hat palm
- Also known as: Carludovica palmata
- Family: A disc flower plant
- Plant group: belongs to the perennials
- Country of origin: originally from South America
- Distribution of the plant: Southeast Asia, East Africa, Pacific
- Height: about 0.8 to 3.8 meters
- The location of the palm-like plant: half shady to full sun
- Hibernation should take place - light location at about 12° to 20° C
- Minimum temperature in the room: about 16° C
- Use: as ornamental plant, container plant, terrace, balcony, greenhouse, winter garden, indoor plant
- Propagation: by sowing the seeds or dividing the plant
- Substrate for the plant: permeable substrate of a sand mixture such as earth, kokohum and 'perlite'
- Fertilize and water the plant: keep moist regularly, fertilizer should be used once a month
- Pests: especially susceptible to spider mites