Tafelblatt, Astilboides tabularis - location, plants & care

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With powerful umbrella leaves on powerful stems, the Tafelblatt populates delicate locations in the garden, where other plants thrive scantily. Along the marshy bank of the pond or stream, the spreading leaf ornamental plant provides lush abundance, where hitherto damp-cool emptiness prevailed. Whereas a shady spot in the perennial border has been causing hobby gardeners a headache, the Astilboides tabularis feels particularly well here. The location the plant wants in detail, how it is planted and cared for, is shown in the following lines.

  • Plant Family of Saxifrage Family (Saxifragaceae)
  • Species and genus: panel sheet (Astilboides tabularis)
  • is native to North China and Korea
  • perennial foliage plant
  • Growth height 70 to 100 centimeters
  • Leaf diameter up to 90 centimeters
  • creamy white flowers in June
  • deciduous and hardy
Location and soil condition
A central function in the successful cultivation of an Astilboides tabularis is the choice of location. Make the right choice here, the care is kept to a minimum.
  • partially shaded to shady location
  • moist soil without permanent waterlogging
  • nutrient-rich, humus, cool
  • ideal is a pH of 5 to 6.5
Therefore, look for a planting location along woody, flowing or stagnant water. Since the Tafelblatt prefers a slightly acidic soil, a neighborhood to Moorbeetpflanzen is also considered. Tip: The sheet is very true to location and does not tolerate transplanting usually.
Once the decision regarding the location has been made, nothing stands in the way of successful planting. The sheet can easily go into the earth throughout the year, as long as it does not freeze. For a thorough preparation of the soil, the saxifrage plant is grateful. As it grows very slowly, a thorough removal of weeds should ensure it is not overgrown. During this work, use the time to soak the root ball of the young plant in a container with water.
  1. A planting hole dig with twice the volume of the root ball.
  2. Enrich the excavation with ripe compost and horn shavings.
  3. Pot the leaves and place them in the center of the planting pit.
  4. After planting, press the substrate well and water.
A mulch layer of leaves, grass or compost supports the foliage plant during the growing phase. If additional specimens are settled, a planting distance of 100 cm is appropriate.
Pouring and fertilizing
The site conditions determine the frequency of watering. The sheet wants to be permanently wet and not dry out if possible. Since the plant favors a lime-poor environment, collected rainwater offers itself as irrigation water. If available, pond water is also eligible for this purpose. No adequate effort is made to provide adequate nutrient supply:
  1. During the sprouting, the panel leaf receives a long-term fertilizer.
  2. Alternatively, occasionally administer compost during the growing season.
To cut
The withered panicles will be trimmed if necessary in July. They are not important for the propagation of an Astilboides tabularis, as the subterranean rhizome performs this task. In autumn, the withered leaves can be cut off near the ground. Wait with this care measure until the foliage has completely discolored. The rhizome infuses all of the remaining nutrients during this time to prepare for the coming winter and create reserves for the next season.
The board is so resistant that it can withstand temperatures down to -18 degrees Celsius. If the withered leaves are cut in autumn, a light winter protection is still advisable. If you pile leaves, earth, brushwood or straw over the root area, this measure is sufficient.
If further specimens of this gem are desired, various variants of the propagation are available for selection.
This uncomplicated method of offspring will tackle you in the spring. The sheet should be 3-5 years old and well established at the site. The root area is widely excavated and cut with a sharp spade into two or more segments. Each section is immediately implanted at the new site and cared for like an adult Astilboides tabularis.
Root cuttings
Since the panel leaf develops a thick, fleshy rhizome, it can be propagated by means of root cuttings. This procedure is a little more complicated than the division; however, it makes sense to work on a larger number of plants.
  1. From the mother plant cut off several well-developed roots.
  2. Cut each root into 5-10 cm thick slices.
  3. At the base there is a straight cut, at the opposite side an oblique cut.
  4. Fill culture pots with nutrient-poor substrate.
Place the prepared root cuttings in the ground with the end cut straight down. The upper end is flush with the substrate surface. It follows a thin layer of sand. Situated on the half-shady, cool place, wait for the rooting. Only when a first sprout appears at the top, the young Tafelblatt is watered.
The very fine seed has an amazing germination capacity. Therefore, it is ideal for the uncomplicated propagation in the hobby garden. A small pot is filled and moistened in peat sand, coconut fibers or commercially available sap soil. Then sprinkle the seeds, which are pressed as light germs only and not ├╝bersiebt. At an average of 20┬░ C in a partially shaded place, germination starts within 10 to 14 days. The seedlings are seeded from a height of 10 to 15 cm in single pots. Once the young plants have developed their own root system, they can be planted outdoors. Tip: The very fine seeds can be spread better if they are mixed with a little bird sand.
Beautiful Planting Partners
In order to be able to survive in addition to the dominant habit of an Astilboides tabularis, only a few garden plants are suitable. The following planting partners have proved suitable so far:
  • Japanese Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia orientalis)
  • Gold Rim Japansegge (Carex morrowii 'Aureovariegata')
  • Elven flower (Epimedium x perralchicum 'Frohnleiten')
  • Goldscale Fern (Dryopteris affinis)
  • Forest female fern (Athyrium filix-femina)
In particular, there are ferns of all kinds, with which the sheet can be combined into effective structures. Both plant species have similar demands on location and care.
Worth knowing about the Tafelblatt in brief
Problematic corners in the garden fills the foliage plant Tafelblatt with a mighty habit, shaped by huge, round leaves. The appearance is crowned with a pretty creamy white flowers in summer. As long as the location is not too bright and the soil is moist, cool and sour, the Steinbrechgew├Ąchs feels well for many years. This applies to delicate locations at the pond or stream, under trees and along woody edges. Make the right siting, the maintenance effort is limited to a little watering in case of dryness and a dose of compost every few weeks. Even when propagating, the Astilboides tabularis is uncomplicated, because by division, root cutting or sowing, the work goes quickly from the hand.
Features & Care Instructions
  • In dry, hot years, the leaves of the Tafelblattes pass much faster than in wet years. They can work into the autumn.
  • They reach a diameter of 90 cm and sometimes even more. The petioles are also lush, long and vigorous. All this makes for an impressive look.
  • At a suitable location and slightly higher humidity, the sheet requires little care.
  • Ideally, the plants stand on a not too wet edge of the water.
  • The most striking feature of the sheet is its large, umbrella-like leaves. On their tall, sturdy stems, they are an impressive eye-catcher.
  • However, the astilbene-like inflorescence, a white, richly flowering, slightly overhanging grape, is not to be despised.
  • The sheet is well suited for humid, humus, nutrient-rich soils. It is a great bank plant, but it does not like watering.
  • The perennial is late. It takes several years to develop fully. Strong sunlight can cause burns on the leaves.
  • Then the plant does not look so great anymore.
Tip: Otherwise, it should be noted that the panel sheet looks good as a solitary or in small tuffs, with one to three, a maximum of five plants. The Tafelblatt is a long-lived plant. It may not be implemented. At optimal locations, this plant needs virtually no maintenance.
Sheet: profile
  • Species / family: belongs to the family of the Steinbrechgew├Ąchse (Saxifragaceae)
  • Nursing effort: very low, one of the plants that are best left alone
  • Flowering period: June to July with astilbene-like, but much smaller, slightly overhanging flower spikes consisting of many small white or purple flowers
  • Foliation: very large ornamental shield-shaped leaves in fresh green sitting on long stems
  • Growth: Broad and spreading habit with leafy horns on a bulbous soil trunk, spreads by rhizomes itself
  • Height: depending on the variety 70 to 150 cm
  • Habitat: half shady to shady. Nutrient-rich and slightly moist soil, loves high humidity
  • Planting time: at any time as long as the soil is not frozen
  • Cut: not required
  • Partner: Solitaire
  • Propagation: Rhizomes can be removed and replanted
  • Care: Water in dry conditions, tolerates wet and dry well, in spring with compost or slow-release fertilizer, but grows well without fertilization
  • Wintering: hardy, but is thankful for winter protection with foliage, brushwood or mulch
  • Diseases: easy
  • Well-known variety: "Opal" - height 70 cm, stands out mainly by large showy silvery violet flowers

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