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Peppers and chilies are among the vegetables that need the most heat and light to grow. That's why most of the varieties are best kept in the greenhouse. Outdoor cultivation is worthwhile only in very warm regions, such as in the wine-growing climate, or at locations in the vegetable garden with ideal micro-climate. Also the culture in the pot on a balcony or a terrace is recommended, because the house walls emit a lot of heat.
Sow the plants as early as possible - if the light conditions permit, preferably at the end of February. The sooner you start, the greater the chances that the fruits will mature until the end of the season. Since the seeds germinate reliably only with sufficient heat and light, a mini-greenhouse or a cultivation tray on a large south window is recommended. However, the perfect place is a conservatory or a heated greenhouse.
Sowing in planters
When sowing, the seeds are evenly laid out in planters. Squeeze the seeds of the pepper about one centimeter deep into the potting soil. Then they are thinly covered with soil and lightly pressed. Although there are varieties that germinate only in the light, but these are rare. Pour the seeds gently with a gentle jet of water and cover the culture tube with foil or transparent hood. Then the shell is placed at 25 degrees on a brightest possible window. If the temperature is too low, the plants will not germinate or fungi will form in the substrate.
Sow the seeds in small planters with potting soil
After three to four weeks, when the seedlings have formed two to four leaves, the plants are pikiert in approximately ten-centimeter-sized pots. Afterwards, cultivate them brightly at 20 to 22 degrees and the highest possible humidity. Do not expose the plantlets to the direct midday sun for the first few days after poking. You first have to root well again. Tip: Sowing individual seeds in multi-pot plates makes transferring them into larger pots easier, and the paprika seedlings continue to grow undisturbed because the roots are barely damaged.
The pikieren takes place about four weeks after sowing
Two weeks after pickling you should first feed the young peppers and chili with an organic vegetable fertilizer, preferably in liquid form. He is administered with the irrigation water. If the seedlings form long "necks", they suffer from lack of light. In this case it sometimes helps to lower the temperature further, but not below 17 to 18 degrees. Continue to fertilize and water regularly, then repot the paprika and chilli plants once more into larger planters.
Plant peppers and chili
From the beginning of May, the young plants are released into the open during the day to harden them and get used to the more intense sunlight. Towards the end of May, when no frosty nights threaten, they are planted in a warm, sunny bed. Peppers and chilies thrive best on deep humus soil with good water retention power. You can enrich the soil with compost or horn meal before planting, because the nightshade family are no food deviants. In the row the planting distance is 40 to 50 centimeters and between the rows at least 60 centimeters. If you cultivate the pepper and chili plants in the greenhouse, you can plant them in the beds from the middle of April to the end of April. Do not plant more than two plants per square meter.